Senate Majority Leader Harry ReidHarry ReidThis obscure Senate rule could let VP Mike Pence fully repeal ObamaCare once and for all Sharron Angle to challenge GOP rep in Nevada Fox's Watters asks Trump whom he would fire: Baldwin, Schumer or Zucker MORE (D-Nev.) has decided to stand his ground and slug it out with Senate Republicans over a jobs bill, daring the GOP to vote against a stripped-down version.
Centrists in the Senate Democratic conference who want to “get points on the board” before Election Day fear the tactic could backfire and leave the leader empty handed on a big political issue.
“Reid has simplified the process by focusing on fully paid-for measures that will create jobs; he’s calling their bluff,” said the Democratic leadership aide.
It is a strategy Reid will pursue on several other jobs bills he plans to advance throughout the year.
Some Democrats have grumbled that members of their party have run scared since Sen. Scott Brown (R) won a special election in Massachusetts. These lawmakers have said it’s a mistake to give in to Republicans without winning real concessions in return.
Reid stunned colleagues and lobbyists Thursday afternoon by announcing a plan to scrap jobs legislation unveiled only hours earlier by Senate Finance Committee Chairman Max BaucusMax BaucusGOP hasn’t reached out to centrist Dem senators Five reasons why Tillerson is likely to get through Business groups express support for Branstad nomination MORE (D-Mont.) and Sen. Chuck GrassleyChuck GrassleyGOP senators pitch alternatives after House pulls ObamaCare repeal bill Friends, foes spar in fight on Trump’s Supreme Court nominee Live coverage: Day three of Supreme Court nominee hearing MORE (Iowa), the ranking Republican on Finance.
Reid took four core components from Baucus’s bill but ditched a slew of provisions designed to attract GOP support, including $31 billion in tax relief extenders — a prize for business lobbyists.
Reid also dropped three-month extensions of Unemployment Insurance and COBRA healthcare premium subsidies, benefits to recently laid-off workers that traditionally sail through Congress.
He also dropped provisions to freeze a scheduled cut in doctors’ Medicare reimbursements and extend the Patriot Act.
Democratic aides say the tax extenders, unemployment insurance, COBRA subsidies, doctors’ fix and Patriot Act extension will be used to carry future jobs bills through the Senate.
The four components Reid has included in the first Senate jobs bill have a history of bipartisan support.
The $13 billion tax credit for employers who hire new workers, the centerpiece of the package, is named after its lead sponsors, Sens. Charles SchumerCharles SchumerDem to Trump: 'You truly are an evil man' Dem senator: GOP controls all of gov't, so success or failure is on them Trump tweets: We’ll put together a great plan after Obamacare explodes MORE (D-N.Y.) and Orrin HatchOrrin HatchOvernight Finance: US preps cases linking North Korea to Fed heist | GOP chair says Dodd-Frank a 2017 priority | Chamber pushes lawmakers on Trump's trade pick | Labor nominee faces Senate US Chamber urges quick vote on USTR nominee Lighthizer Live coverage: Day three of Supreme Court nominee hearing MORE (R-Utah).
A provision to help small businesses write off the cost of major purchases is a traditional favorite among GOP lawmakers.
The Build America Bonds proposal, which would help state and local governments lower borrowing costs, is based on legislation that has been sponsored by Sen. Ron WydenRon WydenThe Hill’s Whip List: Where Dems stand on Trump’s Supreme Court nominee Overnight Regulation: Senate moves to strike Obama-era internet privacy rules Overnight Tech: Senate votes to eliminate Obama internet privacy rules | FCC chief wants to stay out of 'political debate' on fake news | Wikileaks reveals new CIA docs MORE (D-Ore.) and co-sponsored by GOP Sens. Susan CollinsSusan CollinsGOP senators pitch alternatives after House pulls ObamaCare repeal bill Five takeaways from Labor pick’s confirmation hearing ObamaCare repeal faces last obstacle before House vote MORE (Maine), John ThuneJohn ThuneLawmakers want infrastructure funded by offshore tax reform Senate GOP hedges on ObamaCare repeal timeline Week ahead: Robocall crackdown tops FCC meeting agenda MORE (S.D.) and Roger WickerRoger WickerAs US healthcare changes, preventative screenings can't stop A guide to the committees: Senate Pruitt confirmation sets stage for Trump EPA assault MORE (Miss.).
A one-year extension of the Surface Transportation Act caters to Sen. George Voinovich (Ohio), the second-ranking Republican on the Environment and Public Works Committee, who has called for an extension of the highway program.
By stripping the jobs bill down to these four provisions, Reid is daring Republicans to block it, which Democratic strategists believe would prove a costly political mistake.
“I think they have to vote for it,” said Jim Kessler, vice president for policy at Third Way, a Democratic think tank. “This is the tightrope Republicans are walking.”
Kessler noted that before the 1994 election, Republicans in Congress blocked a Democratic healthcare proposal but did not dare to kill a crime bill or the North American Free Trade Agreement.
Kessler said Republicans must be careful not to be seen as blocking non-controversial legislation that is aimed at improving the economy and tackling other national problems.
“As long as Republicans feel the political tide is with them, it’s to their benefit for Congress to pass as few things as possible,” Kessler said. “If they’re seen as obstructing non-controversial things that could help the economy, they would then embody what people think is wrong with Washington.
“That’s the line they’re walking,” he added.
Reid’s strategy is to dare Republicans to cross the line by voting against the employers’ tax credit, small-business depreciation, highway money and Build America Bonds provision in his pared-down bill.
So far, Senate Republicans have kept quiet about how they will respond. But Senate Republican Leader Mitch McConnellMitch McConnellThe Memo: Winners and losers from the battle over health care GOP senators pitch alternatives after House pulls ObamaCare repeal bill Under pressure, Dems hold back Gorsuch support MORE (Ky.) will have more trouble keeping his troops together against the new jobs bill than he did against the Democrats’ healthcare reform plan.
Reid will employ a similar strategy with other elements of the jobs agenda that Senate Democrats have unveiled.
The $31 billion in tax extenders, the extensions of unemployment insurance and COBRA, the Patriot Act and the doctors’ fix can be split up and attached to future jobs legislation, presenting Republicans with difficult votes.
Democratic leaders say they will unveil several more jobs bills this year, each addressing specific areas: energy efficiency, infrastructure, help for small businesses and aid to state and local governments.
Liberal advocates and union officials complained that if all of the provisions that GOP lawmakers liked were put in one bill, it would sap future negotiating leverage.
Reid decision to kill Baucus’s bill softened the anger of liberal and labor critics, but they are not satisfied.
Liberal and labor advocates want Senate Democrats to advance jobs legislation many times larger, noting the House passed a $154 billion jobs bill in November.
The AFL-CIO has called for a $500 billion jobs initiative.
Thea Lee, policy director of the AFL-CIO, called Reid’s proposal much too small.
“We want politicians to stand up and do the right thing and say the right thing and get credit for being bold on job creation,” said Lee. “It doesn’t make sense for Democrats to paint themselves into a corner and step on their own feet.”
“They should be proud to stand up for a $500 billion jobs bill and not mutter in the corner about the deficit when the economy is in crisis and people are out of work,” Lee added.
Robert Borosage, co-director of Campaign for America’s Future, a liberal advocacy group, said: “$15 billion doesn’t even get to the level of a gesture; it’s too small.”
Borosage said Reid should force Republicans to vote on the $500 billion jobs package favored by labor unions as well as the $154 billion House-passed jobs proposal.
“Then have White House summit and not talk about healthcare reform but talk about jobs,” Borosage said, adding that President Barack ObamaBarack ObamaFox News host promoted by Trump calls on Paul Ryan to step down Dan Rather: Failure to repeal ObamaCare most 'staggering loss' so early in a term Pence: Trump 'won't rest' until ObamaCare repealed MORE should use his bully pulpit to confront Republican lawmakers about not supporting job-creation proposals.