By Alexander Bolton - 03/18/10 12:01 AM EDT
Senators have reached across the aisle in recent days to lower the partisan temperature, using wine and cheese to soothe hard feelings.
On Monday, after a late-afternoon vote, Sens. Charles Schumer (D-N.Y.) and Lamar Alexander (R-Tenn.) hosted a happy hour in the Capitol for their colleagues. The social event was intended to cool tempers in a chamber that has been overrun during the 111th Congress with partisan votes and procedural objections.
One lawmaker in attendance said it was the first time in months he witnessed Reid and McConnell at a social event together.
A spokesman for McConnell said Reid and McConnell see each other frequently at spouses’ dinners and congressional events.
The effort is one of many attempts, both formal and informal, to break the logjam in a chamber that seems to use the terms “filibuster” and “hold” more than “bipartisan” and “passage.” Lawmakers say the Senate rules, which have been on the books for decades, are not suited to handle the hyper-partisan atmosphere that has pervaded national politics.
“There’s been a lot of conversations one on one and in small groups about how the partisan heat here is too high and we have to tone it down,” said Sen. Ben Cardin (D-Md.). “There’s a renewed spirit to find areas of common interest.”
Alexander, the Senate Republican Conference chairman, plans to visit with Sen. Joe Lieberman (I-Conn.) next week to discuss scheduling a few bipartisan breakfasts in coming months.
Alexander said senators have a long history of holding bipartisan social events. But he noted that it has been awhile since they’ve happened on a regular basis and he’d like to see them more often. Lieberman, who caucuses with Democrats and campaigned for Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.) during the 2008 GOP presidential contest, is considered a helpful go-between at a time when bipartisan cooperation is at its lowest in years.
Lieberman has tried to convene semi-regular meetings of Democratic and Republican centrists, such as Sen. Susan Collins (R-Maine), to keep open the channels of communication.
Collins said she has talked with about half a dozen of her Democratic colleagues “about how to improve relationships.”
Even senior Democrats, such as Sen. Carl Levin (Mich.), say they have made quiet moves to change the harsh tone that has overcome the chamber, which until recently was best known for its collegiality and chumminess.
“There’s a lot of us talking on a one-to-one basis or in small groups,” said Levin, who declined to reveal any details because he fears the talks could fall apart if they became public.
“I’d rather keep them personal — they’re more effective that way,” he said.
But one Democratic centrist who has worked often with Republicans voiced strong skepticism about the efforts, noting that the partisan climate cannot change until centrist Republicans, such as Maine Sens. Collins and Olympia Snowe, challenge their leadership.
“It’s not going to happen. Snowe and Collins are not going to go against Mitch McConnell,” the lawmaker said.
“McConnell thinks he has a winning strategy, and he’s going to try to block everything that moves,” the lawmaker added. “McConnell calculates using only division and subtraction.”
Don Stewart, a spokesman for McConnell, noted that Alexander, who hosted the bipartisan soiree on Saturday, is a member of the GOP leadership.
“A Democrat senator is taking partisan shots at Republican senators while decrying a lack of bipartisanship. Did someone hit him with the irony stick?” Stewart said.
Sen. Mark Pryor, a centrist Democrat from Arkansas, said there is a growing realization that senators must show some collegiality if the chamber is to operate as intended.
“There’s a requirement of restraint for the Senate rules to work properly,” he said. “We need to refrain from maximizing the rules if we’re going to get things done around here.
Some freshman Democrats, such as Sens. Tom Udall (N.M.) and Michael Bennet (Colo.), are pushing leaders to change the rules at the start of the 112th Congress. They would like to reform the use of filibusters and holds to stall legislation and nominees.
Democrats such as Cardin think it would be easier to reform Senate rules with some bipartisan support, even if leaders fall short of winning the 67 votes needed to overhaul procedure under regular order.
But others are skeptical about trying to reform the Senate by changing the rules.
“The Senate has to wrestle with the combination of excessive partisanship and outdated rules. That’s a really toxic combination,” said Sen. Ron Wyden (D-Ore.). “I tend to believe there is no rule change on the planet that will deal with this.”
Wyden said he and Sen. Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa) spent 10 years trying to eliminate the use of secret holds. Even though the chamber passed reform to curb the practice, “there continue to be efforts to get around that,” he said.
Wyden said he often talks with Republicans as part of an ongoing effort to promote bipartisanship. He joined Sen. Judd Gregg (R-N.H.) last month in rolling out the first major bipartisan tax reform bill in decades.
Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.) has teamed up with Lieberman and Sen. John Kerry (D-Mass.) on energy and climate change legislation. He is also working with Schumer on immigration reform.
Sen. Bob Corker (R-Tenn.) teamed up with Sen. Mark Warner (D-Va.) to find ways to address the problem of financial institutions becoming too big to fail. That effort faltered this week, however, when Senate Banking Committee Chairman Chris Dodd (D-Conn.) introduced a partisan financial regulatory reform bill.