At least three senators who oppose secret holds have holds of their own

At least three senators who want to end the practice of placing secret holds on nominees and legislation have holds of their own, according to a survey by The Hill.

Sens. Russ Feingold (D-Wis.), Max BaucusMax Sieben BaucusClients’ Cohen ties become PR liability Green Party puts Dem seat at risk in Montana Business groups worried about Trump's China tariffs plan MORE (D-Mont.) and James InhofeJames (Jim) Mountain InhofeFive takeaways on the canceled Trump summit with Kim Senate panel unanimously approves water infrastructure bill Defense bill moves forward with lawmakers thinking about McCain MORE (R-Okla.) are collectively blocking two Obama administration nominees and two bills as they push to end secret holds.

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Feingold and Baucus have signed on to a letter being drafted by Sen. Claire McCaskillClaire Conner McCaskillMcConnell sees Ohio in play as confidence about midterms grows   Protect air ambulance services that fill the health care access gap in rural America Dems seek to chip away at Trump’s economic record MORE (D-Mo.) to Majority Leader Harry ReidHarry Mason ReidMcConnell not yet ready to change rules for Trump nominees The Hill's Morning Report — Sponsored by CVS Health — Trump’s love-hate relationship with the Senate Trump to press GOP on changing Senate rules MORE (D-Nev.) and Senate GOP Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellMcConnell sees Ohio in play as confidence about midterms grows   Giuliani: White House wants briefing on classified meeting over Russia probe GOP senators introduce Trump's plan to claw back billion in spending MORE (Ky.) on the subject, while Inhofe is co-sponsoring a resolution by Sens. Ron WydenRonald (Ron) Lee WydenOvernight Health Care — Sponsored by PCMA — Abortion rights group plans M campaign to flip the House The federal judiciary needs more Latino judges Senate Dems to Mnuchin: Don't index capital gains to inflation MORE (D-Ore.) and Chuck GrassleyCharles (Chuck) Ernest GrassleyDem senator: Trump Jr. may have given 'false testimony' about meeting with foreign nationals A second chance for Republicans to reform farm handouts Former US attorneys urge support for Trump nominee MORE (R-Iowa) to ban secret holds.

 The Hill contacted the offices of all 59 co-signers of McCaskill’s letter (including Wyden) as well as Inhofe and Grassley. All 61 senators or their offices responded to requests for comment.

Staffers for Feingold, Baucus and Inhofe maintained that their holds have not been a secret. However, Feingold was the only one of the trio who had announced his holds publicly before The Hill conducted its survey.

 Reid supports the effort to crack down on holds. Earlier this month, Reid claimed that Republicans were the only ones obstructing bills or nominees.

“There are no Democratic holds. They’re gone,” Reid said on May 4. “There are scores and scores of Republican holds. They have been asked to follow the law and they refuse to do so. The law is, after a set number of days, they’re supposed to state in the Congressional Record why they have the holds. They refuse to do that.”

According to the Senate’s Executive Calendar, there are 108 judicial or executive branch nominations pending before the chamber, dating back to June 2009. The only senator to publicly identify his holds: Tom CoburnThomas (Tom) Allen CoburnMr. President, let markets help save Medicare Pension insolvency crisis only grows as Congress sits on its hands Paul Ryan should realize that federal earmarks are the currency of cronyism MORE (R-Okla.), who is blocking six administration nominees. Coburn published his holds on the Executive Calendar.

Feingold is blocking the appointment of Federal Election Commission nominee John Sullivan out of concern that the commission’s two other vacancies are still unfilled, as well as a bill by Sen. Dianne FeinsteinDianne Emiel FeinsteinFormer US attorneys urge support for Trump nominee The Hill's Morning Report — Sponsored by PhRMA — Republicans see some daylight in midterm polling Senate panel clears bill to bolster probes of foreign investment deals MORE (D-Calif.) to crack down on gang violence. Feingold said in his May 6 floor speech that he has suggestions to improve the bill.

Inhofe is blocking the nomination of Solomon Watson to be the Army’s general counsel, citing Watson’s stint as a legal adviser to The New York Times, which coincided with the Times’s investigations of the Bush administration’s domestic surveillance programs. Inhofe’s office said the senator made his concerns public during a recent Armed Services Committee hearing, and an aide for the senator said he simply wants “greater scrutiny” of the nomination.

 Holds are so ingrained in Senate tradition that some senators forget they placed them — as with both Baucus and Inhofe. Baucus told The Hill that he has no holds in place, only to be corrected later by his office, which stated he is blocking a water compact because he wants to coordinate it with a separate water compact specific to Montana. Inhofe also forgot about his hold and was initially unaware of it when asked by The Hill.

 Although Grassley and Inhofe have signed on to Wyden’s resolution, the McCaskill letter was signed by only two GOP senators, Susan CollinsSusan Margaret CollinsGOP senators introduce Trump's plan to claw back billion in spending Hillicon Valley: Sweeping new data rules take effect | Facebook, Google already hit with complaints | Schumer slams reported ZTE deal | Senators look to save cyber post | Dem wants answers about Trump's phone security Senators express concern over Trump's decision to scrap top cyber post MORE of Maine and Scott Brown of Massachusetts.

 “It’s legitimate to put a hold on a bill or a nominee, but a senator ought to be willing to publicly identify him- or herself,” Collins told The Hill. “I’ve never thought secret holds are a good practice. I thought we put an end to them a few years ago when we voted on this issue, and yet they continue to occur.”

 The Senate implemented a rule in 2007 that senators had to publicly acknowledge any holds after six business days. But enforcing the rule has proven difficult. Reid earlier this month said he and Wyden are considering crackdown measures, such as referral to the Senate’s Ethics Committee.

Reid said the only other alternative is to file a cloture petition to lift each hold — a cumbersome step that requires several days of legislative delay.

 Collins said other Republicans would have signed McCaskill’s letter, but that it was hurriedly offered to only a few GOP senators.

 “I don’t think there was an effort to get widespread signatures on it,” she said.

McCaskill said the letter is still available, and that she doesn’t plan to send it to Reid and McConnell until she has 67 signatures — the number of senators required to change the chamber’s rules.

Grassley indicated he would have signed the letter, and a Grassley aide noted the senator has been working on the issue since 1996. Meanwhile, an Inhofe aide said the senator supports a stronger measure, such as legislation, instead of a letter.

“We’re not eliminating holds, we’re just eliminating secrecy,” Grassley said. “The public’s business ought to be public, and if you’re a senator and you want to put a hold on a bill, you ought to have guts enough to say it.”

Wyden last week lashed out at Sen. Jim DeMint (R-S.C.) for attempting to add a border security measure to his and Grassley’s secret-holds amendment. Wyden subsequently withdrew his amendment.