By Juan Williams - 02/04/13 10:00 AM EST
With the surprise announcement of Sen. Tom Harkin’s (D-Iowa) retirement, the Senate is fast closing the book on post-Watergate politics that produced a generation of liberal Democrats.
Harkin’s announcement came the same week that five-term Massachusetts Senator John Kerry left the body to become secretary of State. Earlier this month, another Senate five-termer, West Virginia Senator Jay Rockefeller, said he doesn’t plan to run for re-election in 2014. Last month, 8-term Sen. Daniel Inouye of Hawaii died.
Now the changing of the liberal guard is well under way and it is unclear which younger Democratic senators will step forward and become the keepers of the liberal flame. Washington Sen. Patty Murray is proving to be a strong liberal and a wily political strategist. But she has yet to break out as a leading liberal conscience and national voice.
Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid’s (Nev.) primary liberal credential is that he is a reliable ally in any storm for the man who once ranked as the most liberal politician in the Senate — President Obama. But with a 29 percent job approval rating in the latest New York Times poll, Sen. Reid’s power to define the liberal agenda is confined to his role in the Senate.
Standing behind Reid are two contenders for the mantle of new generation liberal lion: New York’s Charles Schumer and Illinois’ Dick Durbin. Both are members of the “Gang of Eight,” which unveiled a comprehensive immigration proposal last week.
But both Majority Whip Durbin and Senate Policy Committee Chair Schumer are busy simply trying to hold their 55-member majority together in support of Obama’s agenda. Their focus is on keeping tabs on potential defections from conservative Democrats such as North Dakota’s Heidi Heitkamp, Indiana’s Joe Donnelly, West Virginia’s Joe Manchin and Montana’s Jon Tester.
Over the last 50 years, the Senate’s liberal lions stood out for the capacity to speak as idealists and attract moderate Republicans to their deeply felt causes. One problem for today’s liberals is that there is only one moderate Republican left – Maine’s Susan Collins.
Even Republicans who once dared to team with Democrats on break-through legislation, people such as Arizona’s John McCain and South Carolina’s Lindsey Graham, are now living in fear of primary challenges from the far right. They are dealing with Sens. Schumer and Durbin on the current immigration proposal. But that is all a matter of convenience. Republicans need an immigration deal. There is no idealism at play from the right or the left.
Teddy Kennedy rose to become a liberal lion by collaborating with Republicans. His work with conservative Republican Senator Orrin Hatch (Utah) will always stand out as an example of liberal leadership that stood above the horse-trading of Washington politics.
Kennedy was the protector of the Left but he was also a skilled politician able to bring over the center and the right. The result was bipartisan legislation dealing with immigration, entitlements and education. That made Kennedy an effective advocate for the idea of acting in the best interest of the poor, the young, the workingman, women’s rights and equal rights for minorities — old-fashioned liberal idealism.
There is no current Democratic senator close to commanding the kind of stature or authority that Kennedy did. Liberalism does not have a powerful advocate in the halls of Congress today and it shows.
Last week, the New York Times’ liberal editorial page had enough. Senate Democrats increased their numbers in the last election, the paper editorialized, and have public opinion with them on taxes, guns, education and financial regulation. But those Senate Democrats remain paralyzed by fear.
The paper cited disappointment with the filibuster reform deal reached by Senate leaders last month. The new rules did nothing to address the abuse of the filibuster and the 60-vote procedural threshold that has been used by the Republican minority to block virtually all legislation.
After “being out-yelled by strident right-wing ideologues, too many in the Democratic Party still have a case of nerves, afraid of bold action and forth-right principles,” The Times’ editorial argued, in making the case for strong liberal voices to speak up.
By simply calling for an end to the “silent” filibuster and requiring senators to be present and stand up to conduct an extended filibuster, Democratic Senators Tom Udall (N.M.) and Jeff Merkley (Ore.) won praise as budding liberal heroes.
A generational fight for the future of liberalism is now center stage in the Senate.
Juan Williams is an author and political analyst for Fox News Channel.