The fiscal cliff is the most talked about , and predictable, event in politics today.
If the policies it involves go forward — with massive cuts in defense spending and a massive tax increase on everyone who pays taxes — it will cause a dramatic slowdown in the economy.
It will probably put the nation into recession.
Of course, Congress talks about it. But it cannot act, or will not act, until December.
President Obama has simply abdicated his role as the nation’s leader and moved on to something he can actually do, which is campaign.
But while the fiscal cliff is a critical issue, it may not be the next major threat to our prosperity.
September is a month where unusual and often extremely damaging things seem to happen.
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It is the month that kicked off the Great Depression and led to Black Monday a month later.
It also is the month in which, in 2008, the nation came close to a total economic collapse.
Bear Stearns failed. Lehman failed. And the world stood on the brink of another potentially massive depression brought on by financial disarray.
Without the forceful intervention of Hank Paulsen and Ben Bernanke, Main Street America would have gone through extraordinarily hard times.
In between these two cataclysmic events, there have been numerous sharp stock market downturns in September.
Why these events seem to crowd into September is a subject of a great deal of conjecture. There is no consistent answer. But it seems September is the point in the year where people assess where they have gone, and what the next year will be like, and make investment decisions based on their conclusions.
To put it another way, reality sets in.
If investors see big problems in the economy or in world affairs, they take matters into their own hands rather than hoping they will be fixed by some outside force such as government.
Usually, they act defensively.
Unfortunately, this year, September may be a decisive month for the world and our nation’s economy.
Think about the forces afoot. None of them seems to be headed to a happy ending.
First, there’s the European fiscal mess.
Although there is a constant and energized effort to abate the problems driving the disarray there, progress is minimal. As Bernanke pointed out in sobering testimony before the House last week, Europe does not have its act together.
It has not addressed the core of its problem — its massive debt and unstable banking system. The recession brought on by this problem is only aggravating things.
This will probably be undeniably clear by September.
Second, Israel is under attack, or at least her people are, in places such as Bulgaria. They believe Iran is behind these attacks.
Couple this with the fact that Iran continues its march to obtain nuclear weapons — and the means to deliver them — and one wonders how much longer Israel will cede her potential survival to Obama and the United Nations.
Not long, one suspects. September.
Third, America is not doing a good job of managing its own responsibility — being a force for responsible government and a source of economic growth.
In fact, the impending fiscal cliff is clearly a potential accelerant for a meltdown.
After all, once reality sets in that there is going to be no improvement in leadership , whether on the fiscal cliff or on long-term deficits and debt, people and markets will react.
They will not wait until January.
Historically, September has been a good time for such a reaction.
Fourth, Americans who generate economic activity are beginning to get worn down amid the incessant attacks of the Obama administration.
It is becoming clear to anyone who participates in the private economy that they have a target on their backs.
The president, for one, has revealed his view that government is responsible for the success of people who take risks and generate jobs.
In the meantime, true believers at the White House continue with pervasive expansion of regulatory excess.
The Obama administration is expanding government to a point where it rivals European social welfare states in size.
These things provide a type of clarity that tends to lead to investment decisions that in turn lead to economic contraction.
All this is probably not good news, but I will say this — September is a great month to be in New Hampshire.
Judd Gregg is a former governor and three-term senator from New Hampshire who served as chairman and ranking member of the Senate Budget Committee and as ranking member of the Senate Appropriations subcommittee on Foreign Operations. He also is an international adviser to Goldman Sachs.