NATO needs to admit Turkey is shredding democratic values

NATO needs to admit Turkey is shredding democratic values
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At the Middle East Forum, we just finished hosting a conference for members of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly. A group of legislators who gather in Brussels to deliberate on the problems confronting the transatlantic partnership, this body seeks to uphold the same values that are supposed to underpin the transatlantic alliance: democracy, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, independence of the judiciary and protection of minorities.

Except it doesn’t. Less than a week before our event was scheduled to begin, we received a call from the NATO Parliamentary Assembly with an uncomfortable demand. At the request of the Turkish government, the NATO Parliamentary Assembly demanded that we censor our program to remove a scholar named Emre Çelik. And unless we agreed, they were prepared to cancel the engagement entirely.

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This is troubling from a logistical standpoint, of course. We’d spent a lot of money and a lot of time preparing for this event already. But it’s troubling at a much more foundational level, too. If the nations sending delegates to the NATO Parliamentary Assembly truly believed in the values listed above, they would have rejected any such request from Recip Tayyip Erdoğan.

If NATO’s legislative partners are afraid to stand up when one of its own members violates key principles, then what’s the point of the alliance? Perhaps most importantly, why is Turkey allowed to stay a member of NATO as the country nears the completion of its decade-long slide into Islamist authoritarianism?

So we at the Middle East Forum were faced with a difficult decision. Either stand up for the values we believe in or kowtow to the very people we believe pose the gravest danger to civilized society in the West. It was truly a hard decision. And we decided to find a third option: We lied to protect our constitutional freedoms.

Çelik is the president of an organization called the Rumi Forum. Exiled cleric and top Erdoğan dissident Fethullah Gülen serves as honorary chair of the group. Gülen, you’ll remember is the one Erdoğan tried to blame for the failed 2016 coup attempt without any evidence at all. Intelligence officials in the European Union and the chairman of the U.S. House Intelligence Committee have both expressed their doubts that Gülen was involved.

We had invited Çelik to speak because we believe that hearing diverse opinions is valuable. And Erdoğan’s reign has led Turkey down a seriously bad path when it comes to the values that we are supposed to share with all NATO members. We also have a strong reaction when we hear Erdoğan’s son-in-law, a cabinet minister in the government, say of Gülenists, “I would strangle them wherever I see them.”

In light of all this, we think Çelik’s insight is useful and his willingness to share it in a room that includes officials from the Turkish government is brave. We decided to stand up for our values, and although we removed him from the program, we brought him in as a surprise speaker.

When Middle East forum founder and president Daniel Pipes introduced Çelik, the reaction was predictable. The Turks in the room stood up and screamed. The leader of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly delegation expressed his disappointment, gave his final remarks, and then the entire NATO Parliamentary Assembly delegation walked out. They didn’t hear what Çelik had to say, nor did they engage in a debate over the future of the alliance. Does that sound like the actions of people who share our Western values?

NATO was founded in 1949, and Turkey joined in 1952. It has long been a fear of members of NATO that one day the treaty would force the entire group to defend a rogue state simply because an earlier government had signed the treaty. That day is fast approaching, and that state is Turkey.

The country’s leader, President Erdoğan, is an Islamist. He spent the past 13 years dismantling Turkey’s democratic institutions and arresting anyone who has tried to stop him. Turkey, a NATO ally, has jailed more journalists than China and thrown thousands of students in prison for speaking out.

Erdoğan has expressed strong support for Hamas and other Muslim Brotherhood-linked terror organizations. Turkey has prevented the U.S. from using its airspace in the fight against ISIS. They recently purchased Russia’s S-400 missile defense system, a move that should require approval by the rest of NATO, though no such approval was ever even sought. And let’s not forget that 19 of Erdoğan’s security guards still face charges for the savage beating of peaceful protesters outside the Turkish embassy in Washington last May.

Unfortunately, what started out as a great honor devolved into yet another controversy. We believe that our values are important, and that actions speak louder than words. That’s why we refused to let Turkey censor our event. But NATO’s parliamentary vanguard seemed fine with it. Perhaps that’s the most troubling part of all.

Gregg Roman is director of the Middle East Forum, a nonprofit organization that promotes American interests and Western values in the Middle East.