Senate energy bill aims to fight power grid hackers

Senate energy bill aims to fight power grid hackers
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The Senate’s wide-ranging energy reform bill includes a number of cybersecurity provisions that backers say will help bolster the power grid's lagging digital defenses.

A section dedicated to cyber threats would empower the Department of Energy (DOE) to take swifter action in the event of a major hack, authorizing it to direct energy companies in a cyber crisis.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellSessions: 'We should be like Canada' in how we take in immigrants NSA spying program overcomes key Senate hurdle Overnight Finance: Lawmakers see shutdown odds rising | Trump calls for looser rules for bank loans | Consumer bureau moves to revise payday lending rule | Trump warns China on trade deficit MORE (R-Ky.) touted the cyber passages on Tuesday while encouraging his colleagues to vote for the bill, which is expected to pass sometime Thursday.

“The Energy Policy Modernization Act is designed to defend our national energy grid from terrorist cyberattacks,” he said of the legislation from Sens. Lisa MurkowskiLisa Ann MurkowskiSessions torched by lawmakers for marijuana move Calif. Republican attacks Sessions over marijuana policy Trump's executive order on minerals will boost national defense MORE (R-Alaska) and Maria CantwellMaria Elaine CantwellSenate Finance Dems want more transparency on trade from Trump Overnight Energy: Senate close to approving Arctic drilling | EPA cancels controversial media tracking contract | Trump officials sound alarm on mineral imports Lawmakers introduce bipartisan AI legislation MORE (D-Wash.).

McConnell highlighted a number of the specific provisions, including one that authorizes additional cybersecurity research. Other clauses would also direct the agency to work more closely on fighting cyberattacks with countries like Canada and Mexico, which are also connected to the North American electrical grid.

The bill, McConnell said, “would help deter attacks by erecting stronger cybersecurity defenses, and it would help provide for faster and more effective responses when threats do arise."

The energy bill comes amid growing concerns of power grid vulnerability from both sides of the aisle in Congress and the White House.

Democratic presidential front-runner Hillary ClintonHillary Diane Rodham ClintonIntel Dem decries White House 'gag order' after Bannon testimony 'Total free-for-all' as Bannon clashes with Intel members Mellman: On Political Authenticity (Part 2) MORE has even focused on the issue on the campaign trail, calling for power grid upgrades to increase cybersecurity in a sweeping energy infrastructure policy statement released in September.

Security experts have long warned that energy companies are attuned to these cyber dangers, but are still scrambling to catch up. Researchers say a successful cyberattack could cause massive blackouts, driving up mortality rates at powerless hospitals and disrupting the country’s water supply as electric pumps shut down.

In 2014, the energy sector was the most targeted of the nation’s critical infrastructure industry sectors, accounting for a third of cyber incidents, according to a government report.

National Security Agency Director Adm. Michael Rogers even acknowledged in a congressional hearing that China and likely “one or two” other countries are currently sitting on the grid, with the ability to literally turn out the lights if they wanted to.

Rogers said these nations, which likely include Russia and possibly Iran, “are deterred only by the fear of U.S. retaliation.”

The Senate’s energy bill isn’t expected to face considerable opposition after lawmakers on Tuesday voted down a slate of partisan amendments.

Democrats are still pushing Republicans to include an amendment that would earmark up to $600 million in federal assistance for the water crisis in Flint, Mich.

The House in December approved a Republican-backed energy policy bill that included several similar cyber provisions meant to fortify the nation’s power grid defenses against hackers.

But President Obama has threatened to veto the lower chamber’s measure over a number of regulatory provisions, including one to allow crude oil exports and speed up permitting for pipelines and transmission lines that cross international borders.