The Senate’s wide-ranging energy reform bill includes a number of cybersecurity provisions that backers say will help bolster the power grid's lagging digital defenses.
A section dedicated to cyber threats would empower the Department of Energy (DOE) to take swifter action in the event of a major hack, authorizing it to direct energy companies in a cyber crisis.
“The Energy Policy Modernization Act is designed to defend our national energy grid from terrorist cyberattacks,” he said of the legislation from Sens. Lisa MurkowskiLisa MurkowskiWhat we learned from Rick Perry's confirmation hearing Perry regrets saying he would abolish Energy Department Trump education pick to face Warren, Sanders MORE (R-Alaska) and Maria CantwellMaria CantwellWhat we learned from Rick Perry's confirmation hearing Perry regrets saying he would abolish Energy Department Dems seek more vetting for Trump nominees before hearings MORE (D-Wash.).
McConnell highlighted a number of the specific provisions, including one that authorizes additional cybersecurity research. Other clauses would also direct the agency to work more closely on fighting cyberattacks with countries like Canada and Mexico, which are also connected to the North American electrical grid.
The bill, McConnell said, “would help deter attacks by erecting stronger cybersecurity defenses, and it would help provide for faster and more effective responses when threats do arise."
The energy bill comes amid growing concerns of power grid vulnerability from both sides of the aisle in Congress and the White House.
Democratic presidential front-runner Hillary ClintonHillary Rodham ClintonEx-Clinton aide calls Trump spokesman a 'failure' Madonna to critics of women's march: 'F--k you' Women's march takes over DC MORE has even focused on the issue on the campaign trail, calling for power grid upgrades to increase cybersecurity in a sweeping energy infrastructure policy statement released in September.
Security experts have long warned that energy companies are attuned to these cyber dangers, but are still scrambling to catch up. Researchers say a successful cyberattack could cause massive blackouts, driving up mortality rates at powerless hospitals and disrupting the country’s water supply as electric pumps shut down.
In 2014, the energy sector was the most targeted of the nation’s critical infrastructure industry sectors, accounting for a third of cyber incidents, according to a government report.
National Security Agency Director Adm. Michael Rogers even acknowledged in a congressional hearing that China and likely “one or two” other countries are currently sitting on the grid, with the ability to literally turn out the lights if they wanted to.
Rogers said these nations, which likely include Russia and possibly Iran, “are deterred only by the fear of U.S. retaliation.”
The Senate’s energy bill isn’t expected to face considerable opposition after lawmakers on Tuesday voted down a slate of partisan amendments.
Democrats are still pushing Republicans to include an amendment that would earmark up to $600 million in federal assistance for the water crisis in Flint, Mich.
But President Obama has threatened to veto the lower chamber’s measure over a number of regulatory provisions, including one to allow crude oil exports and speed up permitting for pipelines and transmission lines that cross international borders.