The chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee this week renewed pressure on the Obama administration to develop a solution to the so-called “going dark” problem as conflict deepens over access to a terrorist's encrypted phone.
“It’s critical that we find a way that allows law enforcement to maintain its ability to execute lawful, court-authorized investigative techniques, such as warrants and wiretaps,” Sen. Chuck GrassleyChuck GrassleySenators offer bill aimed at helping IRS whistleblowers Lee: Nuclear option justified after Dems used it in 2013 The Hill's 12:30 Report MORE (R-Iowa) said Wednesday in a statement.
In a Tuesday letter to Deputy Attorney General Sally Yates and FBI Director James Comey, Grassley criticized the administration for its failure to provide adequate answers in response to a series of letters last fall demanding information on the scope of the problem.
“Your responses to my [Questions for the Record] are woefully inadequate,” Grassley wrote. “I submitted questions that called for specific information from DOJ and the FBI about the providers that have refused to comply with court orders.”
Law enforcement officials — particularly Comey — have warned that terrorists and other criminals are using encryption technology to plot beyond the reach of surveillance.
But technology firms — particularly Apple — argue that providing any form of guaranteed access to locked communications is a breach of privacy and would undermine the overall security of the device.
“There have been people that suggest that we should have a backdoor. But the reality is if you put a backdoor in, that backdoor's for everybody, for good guys and bad guys,” Apple CEO Tim Cook said in a December interview with “60 Minutes.”
The debate has become increasingly tense after the attacks in Paris and San Bernardino, Calif. tilted public opinion towards national security.
Lawmakers have put forth opposing legislation on the issue. One bill, from Senate Intelligence Committee Chairman Richard BurrRichard BurrSenate intel panel 'within weeks' of completing initial Russia review Senate committee to question Kushner over Russian meetings: report Devin Nunes has jeopardized the oversight role of Congress MORE (R-N.C.) and ranking member, Sen. Dianne FeinsteinDianne FeinsteinOvernight Regulation: Trump repeals 'blacklisting' rule Dems delay Senate panel vote on Supreme Court nominee Dems get it wrong: 'Originalism' is mainstream, even for liberal judges MORE (D-Calif.), would force companies to decrypt data under court order.
A bipartisan bill in the House, meanwhile, would prohibit states from passing encryption-related legislation.
Apple’s announcement that it will defy a court order related to its encryption has put new urgency behind Grassley’s requests.
“Today’s news only underscores the fact that we need to work together to find constructive solutions to the Going Dark problem,” Grassley said Wednesday.