The plan includes planting dozens of Afghan intelligence officers within the military and national police forces across the country, according to reports by The Washington Post.
Phone calls between recruits and family members will also be placed under increased surveillance as part of the plan, the Afghan army chief of staff, Gen. Sher Mohammad Karimi, told the Post.
"Soldiers must feel that they are under the full surveillance of their leadership at all levels," Karimi said, explaining the new Afghan plan. "Initially, it will have a negative impact on morale, but we have to do something. We have to look seriously at every individual."
His comments came after discussing the details of the program with Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Martin Dempsey during the four-star general's visit to Afghanistan.
Those talks between Dempsey, Gen. John Allen, the top U.S. commander in the country, and Afghan military counterparts centered around possible solutions to stem the rise of "insider" attacks against American and coalition troops by Afghan forces.
Some 10 U.S. soldiers have been killed by their counterparts in the Afghan military and national police over the past two weeks. Nearly 30 American service members have died at the hands of Afghan National Security Forces or militants posing as Afghan troops in the past year.
President Obama on Monday expressed "deep concern" about the significant uptick in violence against U.S. and coalition troops by Afghan forces, saying he and Dempsey planned to discuss the matter personally with Afghan President Hamid Karzai.
Defense Secretary Leon Panetta reached out to Karzai last Saturday, in an attempt to press the Afghan leader to do more about the attacks. That call came a day after two U.S. servicemen were shot to death by a local recruit to the Afghan police force in Western Afghanistan.
Aside from the Afghan plan, DOD officials have also ramped up counterintelligence operations in the country, to ferret out insurgents or sympathizers who might have infiltrated the ranks of American, NATO and Afghan forces, according to Defense Department officials.
Counterintelligence operatives will be embedded within U.S. military units and Afghan security forces at the battalion level and above, Dempsey told reporters at the Pentagon last Tuesday.
The American counterintelligence teams will not be part of the current security force assessment teams, which monitor the progress being made by Afghan National Security Forces, Dempsey said at the time.