By Rebecca Kheel - 03/09/16 11:08 AM EST
Republicans are digging in against President Obama’s plan for closing the Guantánamo Bay detention facility, formally introducing a resolution of opposition Tuesday as a new intelligence report found the number of released prisoners returning to terrorism has increased.
GOP lawmakers, who were already staunchly opposed to the plan to close the military prison, used the new data as an opportunity to pile on their criticisms.
Of the 144 detainees released under Obama as of Jan. 15, a dozen, or 8.3 percent, are suspected of re-engaging in terrorism or insurgency, according to the report. That’s double the number six months ago.
Seven detainees (4.9 percent) released under Obama have been confirmed as rejoining the fight.
But the White House and Democrats who have supported closure remained undeterred by the new numbers, saying the recidivism rate is much lower than it was under President George W. Bush and actually reinforces Obama’s plan.
“My understanding of the conclusions of the report is that the percentage of Gitmo detainees that are confirmed to have re-engaged in the fight is actually below 5 percent,” White House press secretary Josh Earnest told reporters Tuesday. “And that is a testament to the kinds of policies this administration put in place on the president’s second day in office to carefully review, on a case-by-case basis, the status of individual detainees and to make careful decisions about what sort of security measures could be put into place if they were transferred to other countries.”
Of the 532 detainees released under Bush, 111, or 20.9 percent, are confirmed to have re-engaged. Another 74 (13.9 percent) are suspected of doing so, according to the National Intelligence report.
Under Obama’s plan to close the facility, 35 detainees deemed eligible would be sent overseas. Another 46 detainees would continue to face review boards to determine their eligibility.
The remaining detainees would be brought to a facility in the United States.
On Tuesday, Sen. Pat RobertsPat RobertsSenate panel approves pension rescue for coal miners Congress set for Saudi showdown with Obama GOP pressures Kerry on Russia's use of Iranian airbase MORE (R-Kan.) introduced a resolution rejecting the White House’s plan, focusing on the part of the proposal that would bring up to 60 detainees stateside.
The law already prohibits the president from transferring detainees to the United States, but some Republicans fear he will use executive action to bypass the ban.
“The president has failed to find a suitable site in a U.S. community to relocate terrorists held at Guantánamo because there is no suitable site on our shores,” Roberts said in a statement. “This resolution puts the Senate on record, again demonstrating to the president our clear opposition to this security risk. Perhaps something will deter him from an agenda in which the wishes and the security of the American people are last on the list.”
The resolution was co-sponsored by Republican Sens. Tim ScottTim ScottFunding bill rejected as shutdown nears GOP senator: Charlotte video could ease tension House votes to eliminate Olympic medal tax MORE (S.C.), Cory GardnerCory GardnerGOP pressures Kerry on Russia's use of Iranian airbase GOP to Obama: Sanction Chinese entities to get to North Korea Politicians share pup pics for National Dog Day MORE (Colo.), Jerry MoranJerry MoranSenate panel advances ticket bots crackdown Overnight Tech: GOP says internet fight isn't over | EU chief defends Apple tax ruling | Feds roll out self-driving car guidelines | Netflix's China worries GOP pressures Kerry on Russia's use of Iranian airbase MORE (Kan.) and Roy BluntRoy BluntSenate rivals gear up for debates Super PAC hits Dem Senate candidate with ad in tightening Missouri race The Trail 2016: Presidential politics and policing MORE (Mo.).
Under Obama, detainees have been transferred to a foreign country after approval from the Guantánamo Review Task Force set up in 2009 or the Periodic Review Board set up in 2011. Both consist of representatives from the departments of Defense, Homeland Security, Justice and State, and the offices of the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and director of National Intelligence.
The secretary of Defense makes the final call on transferring detainees.
The administration also says that it gets assurances on security from the countries to which it sends detainees.
Sen. Ben CardinBen CardinSenate poised to override Obama veto US general calls out Pakistan on support for Afghan militants Top Dem: 'Risk factor' to extending Iran sanctions in lame duck MORE (D-Md.), ranking member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said Bush-era policies are to blame for the recidivism rate.
“Many of the people that were being released, there was no choice because we couldn’t establish criminal charges because of the manner in which they were detained before the Obama administration,” he said. “This is a problem President Obama inherited. It’s a problem he never should have had. Gitmo Bay had a limited purpose for intelligence initially. After that, it was an iconic perception of America not living up to international commitments.”
Furthermore, he said, the recidivism rate under Obama is not distressing.
“We want to see it at zero; don’t get me wrong,” he said. “But I don’t think we would be shocked by that type of a number.”
Jordan Fabian contributed.