Paul joins Gillibrand sexual assault bill

Sen. Rand PaulRandal (Rand) Howard PaulHouse bill set to reignite debate on warrantless surveillance Authorizing military force is necessary, but insufficient GOP feuds with outside group over analysis of tax framework MORE (R-Ky.) on Tuesday signed on to Sen. Kirsten GillibrandKirsten Elizabeth GillibrandChris Murphy’s profile rises with gun tragedies Overnight Energy: Dems take on Trump's chemical safety pick Dems lambaste Trump’s ‘outrageous’ EPA chemical safety pick MORE’s (D-N.Y.) legislation to remove sexual assault cases from the chain of command. 

Paul is the fifth Republican to co-sponsor Gillibrand’s measure, which is opposed by Pentagon leaders and the heads of the Senate Armed Services Committee.

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Two Republicans, Sens. Ted CruzRafael (Ted) Edward CruzWhatever you think the Alabama special election means, you’re probably wrong This week: Congress gets ball rolling on tax reform Week ahead: Senators work toward deal to fix ObamaCare markets MORE (Texas) and David VitterDavid VitterYou're fired! Why it's time to ditch the Fed's community banker seat Overnight Energy: Trump set to propose sharp cuts to EPA, energy spending Former La. official tapped as lead offshore drilling regulator MORE (La.), voted for her proposal in committee but are not on the stand-alone bill. Paul and Cruz said at a press conference Tuesday that Gillibrand had won over their support. 

“I see no reason why conservatives shouldn’t support this,” Paul said. “The only thing I think standing in the way is just sort of the status quo.” 

With Paul’s backing, Gillibrand’s legislation now has 34 co-sponsors. She plans to offer it as an amendment to the Defense authorization bill on the Senate floor. 


Gillibrand still faces a long road to reach 51 votes, however, as she is fighting against a competing proposal offered by Senate Armed Services Chairman Carl LevinCarl LevinPresident Trump, listen to candidate Trump and keep Volcker Rule Republicans can learn from John McCain’s heroism Trump and GOP wise to keep tax reform and infrastructure separate MORE (D-Mich.) that has the support of top Republicans on the committee. Military leaders oppose Gillibrand’s bill.

The New York senator continues to lobby her colleagues to back the bill, and her office said that Sen. Tom UdallThomas (Tom) Stewart UdallOvernight Energy: Trump temporarily lifts shipping restrictions for Puerto Rico relief New Mexico Gov: GOP health care bill 'still needs some work' Dems ask FEC to create new rules in response to Russian Facebook ads MORE (D-N.M.) had signed on Tuesday. Newly sworn-in Sen. Edward MarkeyEdward (Ed) John MarkeyDems lambaste Trump’s ‘outrageous’ EPA chemical safety pick Dems plan to make gun control an issue in Nevada Dem senator pitches ideas for gun control after shooting MORE (D-Mass.) is also likely to back her, as he sponsored the House version of the bill.

Gillibrand’s measure would remove the decision to prosecute major criminal cases from the chain of command and place it in the hands of military prosecutors, making exceptions for military-specific crimes.

There has been broad bipartisan outrage in Congress over military sexual assault, after a Pentagon report this year estimated there were 26,000 assaults in 2012, an increase of more than a third from 2010.

Lawmakers proposed a flurry of measures in response, with Gillibrand’s going the furthest to make structural changes to the military’s judicial code.

Levin’s proposal leaves the decision to prosecute with commanders, but it adds a new layer of review by civilian leaders of the services if a commander disagrees with the prosecutor on going forward with a case.

Support for Gillibrand’s measure does not fall neatly along party lines. Her plan is opposed by Sen. Claire McCaskillClaire Conner McCaskillKoch-backed group targets red-state Dems on tax reform Overnight Cybersecurity: Equifax security employee left after breach | Lawmakers float bill to reform warrantless surveillance | Intel leaders keeping collusion probe open Las Vegas highlights Islamist terrorism is not America's greatest domestic threat MORE (D-Mo.), who has long been a vocal advocate on the committee for sexual assault reform. Levin and McCaskill have argued that the decision to prosecute must remain with commanders so they will be held responsible for changing the culture in the military to reduce the number of sexual assaults.

“It’s commanders who make it work, because they give orders, they discipline people who violate those orders,” Levin said Tuesday at a breakfast roundtable hosted by the Christian Science Monitor. “You not only want them to have the power to discipline to implement their orders, you’ve also got to hold them accountable.”

Gillibrand and her backers argue that victims aren’t coming forward and reporting the crime because they are worried about repercussions from commanders.

“If the victims do not trust the chain of command, they will not report these cases,” Gillibrand said Tuesday. “If they witnessed other people reporting and being retaliated against, if they witnessed other people being shoved out of the military because they reported these crimes, they will not trust the system that the chain of command has put into place.”

The Senate Armed Services panel voted 17-9 to strip Gillibrand’s proposal from the Defense authorization bill and replace it with Levin’s. Democrats were split 7-7 on the vote, while all Republicans besides Cruz and Vitter backed Levin’s proposal.

Cruz will be co-sponsoring Gillibrand’s bill once it is an amendment on the floor, according to a Gillibrand aide.

This story was updated at 12:19 p.m.