By Ian Swanson - 10/21/10 04:03 PM EDT
The total cost of bailing out Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac could run up to as much as $363 billion under a projection released Thursday by a government regulator.
The report from the Federal Housing Finance Agency said the two government-backed mortgage providers could draw down between $221 billion and $363 billion from the Treasury Department through 2013, depending on the severity of losses in the housing market.
That would double the current government investment of $148 billion. Fannie and Freddie, which have been in conservatorship since the financial crisis of 2008, have a stake in most of the country’s mortgages.
The figures are being released as the Obama administration deals with new questions about foreclosure proceedings by banks, which might have been based on faulty paperwork. Democrats in Congress, including Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nev.), have suggested that a moratorium on foreclosures should be put in place.
The dire projections also come less than two weeks before an election in which President Obama’s party appears poised to lose dozens of House seats and possibly the Democratic majority in the lower chamber. Many voters have expressed anger over government spending and the bailouts of banks, Fannie and Freddie and insurer AIG after the financial crisis.
FHFA Acting Director Edward J. DeMarco emphasized the report is not a prediction, but projections intended to provide a range of what the total costs for Fannie and Freddie could be.
“These projections are intended to give policymakers and the public useful snapshots of potential outcomes for the taxpayer support of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac,” DeMarco said in a statement. “These are not predictions; the results reflect the potential effects of a limited set of hypothetical changes in house prices, a key variable driving credit losses for the Enterprises.”
The drawdowns from Treasury reflect further losses Fannie and Freddie could take on their pre-conservatorship mortgage business.
However, much of the money borrowed by Fannie and Freddie could be returned to the government in the form of a 10 percent dividend paid by the two entities.
The report notes that dividends paid to Treasury by Fannie and Freddie for the financial help will make up a larger portion of the draws as the help is provided. If those divided payments on preferred stock in Fannie and Freddie held by the government were excluded, losses would range from $142 billion to $259 billion.