A group of House Democrats is calling on U.S. Attorney General Eric HolderEric H. HolderDems fear divisions will persist after DNC chair election Michael Moore touts Ellison for DNC chair: ‘We need fresh blood’ How the candidates for DNC chair stack up ahead of Saturday's vote MORE to investigate whether banks are colluding to raise fees in violation of antitrust laws.
In a letter sent to Holder on Thursday, the lawmakers said recent statements, and Bank of America's decision to begin charging a monthly fee for debit card users, could indicate banks are working together to raise fees across the board.
"It's all fair and square for banks to set their price, so long as those prices are subject to the laws of market competition," said Rep. Peter WelchPeter WelchBuyer beware: Not all 'milk' is created equal A guide to the committees: House Got soy milk? Don't let Congress, dairy industry bogart 'milk' label MORE (D-Vt.), who spearheaded the effort. "We have very serious questions as to whether or not there has been an antitrust violation."
Throughout that time and still today, banks and retailers have been engaged in a fierce lobbying battle over those caps, with billions of dollars in revenue at stake.
And now, Democrats want Holder to determine if banks are working together to hike anti-competitive fees.
The primary concern from the lawmakers is that repeated statements from bankers and industry representatives might have served as a signal to the industry that broad-based fee hikes should be in the works.
Welch, who led the House effort to institute the caps, said that "before the ink was dry" on an effort to delay the fee limits, the Texas Bankers Association was telling members they would need to find a way to recoup the revenue lost by those fee caps.
"The industry must regroup, and each and every one of you must decide how you are going to pay for the use of debit cards," the group said in a June email to members. "It may be through a monthly fee; it may be by using a 'prepaid' card as opposed to a debit card."
Bankers and representatives of the banking industry were loudly critical of the caps as they were enacted, warning repeatedly that the lost revenue would have to be made up in other ways.
But Welch showed no signs of sympathy for the industry.
"[The fees] were a rip-off. Congress finally called them to question," he said. "The banks reacted with indignation, mainly because they were not going to be able to continue the rip-off ... 'If we can't pick the front pocket, we're going to pick the back pocket.'"
Reps. John Conyers Jr. (D-Mich.), Raul Grijalva (D-Ariz.), Keith Ellison (D-Minn.) and Mike Honda (D-Calif.) joined Welch on the letter.