By Bernie Becker - 07/29/14 12:02 PM EDT
Congressional Democrats are seeking to ban companies that reincorporate abroad from getting federal contracts, expanding a fight on offshore tax deals that they clearly see as a winning issue for the midterm campaign.
With help from President Obama, Democratic leaders have railed against the inversion deals for weeks, adding another plank to their populist platform for the November elections.
Still, Democrats acknowledge that simply railing against inversions, an obscure and complicated scheme, will be a difficult sell, and are trying to reframe the debate around the issue of “patriotism.”
“We’re not going to use the word inversions very much,” said Rep. Sandy Levin (Mich.), the top Democrat on the House Ways and Means Committee.
“I don’t think most members of Congress understand them,” added Rep. Lloyd Doggett (D-Texas), one of the lawmakers leading the fight against inversions.
Democrats have ramped up their rhetoric against the deals in recent days, with Obama labeling companies seeking a foreign address “corporate deserters.” Doggett said Tuesday that businesses inverting their address “pledge allegiance to some foreign power.”
Senate leaders have already pushed a measure — almost identical to a 2012 proposal and backed by vulnerable senators such as Mark PryorMark PryorEx-Sen. Kay Hagan joins lobby firm Top Democrats are no advocates for DC statehood Ex-Sen. Landrieu joins law and lobby firm MORE (D-Ark.) and Kay HaganKay Hagan10 Senate seats most likely to flip in 2016 Senate Republicans are feeling the 'Trump effect' Washington's lobby firms riding high MORE (D-N.C.) — that would target tax breaks for companies that move jobs overseas.
Inversion deals, Democrats say, fit in with the broader argument that corporations and the wealthy shouldn’t be able to avoid paying their taxes, even if the maneuvers they use are legal.
That message becomes even clearer, Democrats say, because some of the companies who are or were considering shifting their legal address abroad are well known American brands, such as Walgreen and Pfizer.
“They can’t decide to send a mailbox some other place and not pay taxes,” Rep. Rosa DeLauro (D-Conn.) said about voters. “They get it.”
Close to 50 companies in all have shifted their legal address abroad in the last decade, according to the Congressional Research Service. Just this month, AbbVie wrapped up the largest inversion deal yet, at $55 billion, while several other top healthcare companies have also explored the move.
Sen. John ThuneJohn ThuneFacebook offers set of 'Values' to reassure users of neutrality Overnight Tech: Groups grade Clinton tech agenda | Facebook activates safety check in Istanbul | Another holdup for location data bill Congress prepping short-term FAA bill MORE (S.D.), a member of GOP leadership, admitted that inversions were becoming a more prominent campaign issue. “Sex appeal is the wrong word, but it’s a hot topic in political circles right now,” Thune told reporters Tuesday.
But Thune also brushed aside the idea that the tax deals could be a political liability for the GOP, which is in a strong position heading into the midterms because of the continued frustration with ObamaCare, a friendly electoral map and voter fatigue with the president.
“A lot of what the Democrats are proposing right now is more designed to give a political issues to the fall campaigns than actually fix the problem,” Thune said.
Like a lot of other fiscal issues, Democrats and Republicans do agree that the influx of inversions is a problem — but have found little common ground in seeking a bipartisan fix.
Rep. Levin and his brother, Sen. Carl LevinCarl LevinFight for taxpayers draws fire Gun debate shows value of the filibuster House won't vote on Navy ship-naming restrictions MORE (D-Mich.), have introduced similar legislation that says that a merged company would remain American for tax purposes if at least 50 percent of its shareholders were from the original U.S. company. The current threshold, enacted in 2004, is 80 percent.
Senate Finance Chairman Ron WydenRon WydenIRS inversion rules face blowback Senate faces critical vote on Puerto Rico Reid backs House Puerto Rico bill MORE (D-Ore.), who previously wanted to deal with inversions through tax reform, is now working on a potential targeted solution that, like the Levin bills, would be retroactive to May.
Sen. Chuck SchumerCharles SchumerFormer Gillibrand aide wins NY House primary Senate faces critical vote on Puerto Rico Juan Williams: GOP sounds the sirens over Trump MORE (N.Y.), the No. 3 Democrat in the chamber, has highlighted tax breaks that companies can use after they invert, and could introduce his own measure after the August break.
GOP lawmakers, like Thune, say that the deals should be handled in a broader tax overhaul that solves the underlying problem — the U.S.’s 35 percent tax rate. Sen. Orrin HatchOrrin HatchTreasury officials to meet with lawmakers on inversion rules A bipartisan bright spot we can’t afford to pass up: child welfare reform Medicare trust fund running out of money fast MORE (R-Utah) has sounded more open to an inversions-only measure, but has also said he won’t back anything that’s retroactive.
The bill Democrats introduced Tuesday — known, in an apparent nod to Obama, as the No Federal Contracts for Corporate Deserters Act — would forbid companies that meet that same 50 percent threshold from getting federal contracts.
DeLauro and the other Democrats backing the federal contract bill acknowledged that they might have more luck with that approach, after a narrower proposal targeting Bermuda and the Cayman Islands passed the House with the support of almost three dozen Republicans this month.
“It says to those companies that are seeking to invert: think twice,” Senate Majority Whip Dick DurbinDick DurbinClinton ally stands between Sanders and chairmanship dream Reid backs House Puerto Rico bill McConnell pledges redo vote on Zika after break MORE (D-Ill.) said about the new proposal.
One idea Democrats have yet to coalesce around is a suggestion from Stephen Shay, a former senior Treasury official under Obama, that the president already has the power to basically shut down inversions.
Despite his expanded use of executive power this year, Republicans aren’t expecting Obama to go it alone.
“Listen, knowing this president, and having a pen and a phone — if he could do it, he’d do it,” said Rep. Chuck GrassleyChuck GrassleyPollster: Clinton leads in 5 battlegrounds Overnight Tech: Judiciary leaders question internet transition plan | Clinton to talk tech policy | Snowden's robot | Trump's big digital push Dozens of senators push EPA for higher ethanol mandate MORE (R-Iowa), a former Finance chairman who helped craft the 2004 anti-inversions legislation. “If he did do it, he couldn’t blame the Republicans.”
— This story was first posted at 12:02 p.m. and has been updated.