By Vicki Needham - 10/30/14 06:00 AM EDT
Business groups have lost any hope that Congress will approve “fast-track” trade powers for President Obama in the lame-duck session of Congress.
With scores of Democrats opposed and liberal interest groups flexing their muscles, business groups say it’s certain the legislation won’t move this year.
Senate Majority Leader Harry ReidHarry ReidCongress departs for recess until after Election Day How Congress averted a shutdown Congress steamrolls Obama's veto MORE (D-Nev.) has criticized fast-track and made no effort to bring it to the floor. Senate Finance Committee Chairman Ron WydenRon WydenOvernight Tech: TV box plan faces crucial vote | Trump transition team to meet tech groups | Growing scrutiny of Yahoo security Overnight Regulation: Supporters push for TV box reforms ahead of vote Dems urge FCC to approve new box rules MORE (D-Ore.) has yet to even produce a fast-track bill.
Lame-duck approval of trade promotion authority, which would make it easier to negotiate trade deals by making them subject to an up-or-down vote in the Senate, had long been a dream for the groups.
Now it appears the best chance for moving forward with the legislation would be next year — particularly if Republicans take over the Senate.
Sen. Orrin HatchOrrin HatchSenators already eyeing changes to 9/11 bill after veto override Internet companies dominate tech lobbying Senate panel approves pension rescue for coal miners MORE (R-Utah), who is line to become chairman of the Senate Finance Committee under a Republican takeover, has said moving the legislation would be a top priority.
Ezell said that a Republican Congress could produce a TPA bill within the first three months of next year.
But a Senate aide suggested that the White House and the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative would need to reach out to lawmakers in both parties to ensure passage.
Most House Democrats are opposed to fast-track authority, and could be even less likely to support it if it’s drawn up by a Republican Congress for a lame-duck Democratic president.
Many Republicans are also skeptical of the legislation, and are not keen on giving the powers to Obama.
The congressional stalemate could make it tougher for Obama to complete two trade pacts under negotiations: a bilateral deal with the European Union and the 12-nation Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement with Asian and Latin American governments.
Obama is headed to Beijing next month for the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit where talks are expected to continue along the edges on the deal.
Ezell argued that if lawmakers want these trade deals to move forward that they have to understand that there is a strong link between trade promotion authority and the negotiations.
U.S. Trade Representative Michael FromanMichael FromanRyan: Pacific deal can't be fixed in time for lame-duck vote Why Obama needs PhRMA US wins aerospace subsidies trade case over the EU MORE said recently in Foreign Affairs magazine that without trade promotion authority the nation’s trading partners lack the confidence to put “their best and final offers on the table” that could propel the TPP forward.
Completing a deal without fast-track isn’t impossible, but U.S. negotiators would have less leverage. Negotiating partners could reasonably expect a deal signed by the U.S. could be changed by Congress.
In the TPP, a protracted stalemate between the U.S. and Japan over auto and agricultural market access issues is just one of the main reasons why a deal has yet to be inked.
Fast-track has never been an easy lift for Congress and those hoping for a lame-duck deal could be accused of wishful thinking.
The last bill, signed into law in 2002 by President George W. Bush, squeaked through the House by just two votes after a massive lobbying campaign.
In January, retiring House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Dave Camp (R-Mich.) and then-Senate Finance Committee Chairman Max BaucusMax BaucusChina moves to lift ban on US beef Overnight Healthcare: Zika fight stalls government funding talks | Census finds big drop in uninsured | Mental health bill faces wait Glover Park Group now lobbying for Lyft MORE (D-Mont.) offered legislation along with Hatch. But after Baucus left Congress to become U.S. ambassador to China there was little movement.
Opponents say they will fight any new effort to pass what they see as an outdated model for handling globalization.
“We need something new,” said Thea Lee, deputy chief of staff at the AFL-CIO. “What we’ve seen are re-warmed versions of trade policy.
“This administration has been under the impression that it can take a current model and make small tweaks and in the end that’s pleasing nobody.”
Lori Wallach, head of Public Citizen’s Global Trade Watch, said at this point there isn’t any chance that Obama will get fast-track trade authority and there are “decent prospects that he never will.”