Senators scramble to save Farm Bill

Senate Agriculture Chairwoman Debbie StabenowDeborah (Debbie) Ann StabenowSenators target 'gag clauses' that hide potential savings on prescriptions Nonprofit leaders look to continue work with lawmakers to strengthen charitable giving 10 Senate Democrats are up for reelection in Trump country MORE (D-Mich.) and ranking member Pat RobertsCharles (Pat) Patrick RobertsRural America hopes Trump hasn't forgotten his promise Republicans slam Trump's tariffs plan Senate Republicans float legislation to reverse Trump tariffs MORE (R-Kan.) were scrambling Tuesday to save the $969 billion farm bill from failing on the Senate floor.

More than 100 amendments have been filed to the bill and more continue to pour in. Getting the farm bill to a final vote will require some agreement between Democrats and Republicans on a list of final amendments.

Senate Majority Leader Harry ReidHarry Mason ReidTrump presses GOP to change Senate rules Only thing Defense’s UFO probe proves is power of political favors Nevada Democrat accused of sexual harassment reconsiders retirement: report MORE (D-Nev.) wants to eliminate "non-germane" amendments but his Republican counterpart, Sen. Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellSenate tees up Yemen vote for Tuesday Senate confirms Trump's border chief House leaves out ObamaCare fix from must-pass funding bill MORE (R-Ky.), is arguing that the must-pass legislation is a prime opportunity to enact a GOP priority wish list of anti-regulation legislation.

While the farm bill as drafted has the 60 votes it needs to pass, according to Stabenow and Roberts, the bill could fail if McConnell decides the GOP has not been treated fairly and urges the GOP conference to vote it down.

Roberts said that Farm Bill could fail.

“There is always that risk. The farmer puts his seed in the ground and hopes for a crop. That’s about where we are,” he said.

Roberts and Stabenow say they are still trying to finish up work on the farm bill this week, but aides say that deadline is very much in doubt.

The bill is vulnerable in part because it does not enjoy the full support of the Agriculture Committee, Sen. John BoozmanJohn Nichols BoozmanSpending talks face new pressure Bill to bolster gun background checks gains enough support to break filibuster Senate Republicans call on Trump to preserve NAFTA MORE (R-Ark.) said.  He and Sen. Saxby ChamblissClarence (Saxby) Saxby ChamblissLobbying World Former GOP senator: Let Dems engage on healthcare bill OPINION: Left-wing politics will be the demise of the Democratic Party MORE (R-Ga.) are leading an effort to set up an alternative system of farm subsidies for rice and peanut farmers in the bill.

He said on Tuesday that time is running out on talks with Stabenow and Roberts on the effort, and that without agreement, he will vote against the bill.

The challenge Roberts faces on getting the GOP to back the bill does not stop there.

High-profile “non-germane” amendments to the farm bill include one from Sen. John McCainJohn Sidney McCainTrump informally offered Cohn CIA job before changing his mind: report Schiff: I thought more Republicans would speak out against Trump Trump presses GOP to change Senate rules MORE (R-Ariz.), which would require the administration to report by August on the full effects of the $500 billion in automatic defense cuts slated to take effect starting next year.

McCain said Tuesday that his amendment is still in play, as are others cutting spending on catfish inspection and popcorn subsidies.

Another amendment, from Sen. Rand PaulRandal (Rand) Howard PaulTrump informally offered Cohn CIA job before changing his mind: report Congress moving to end US involvement in Yemen Congress races to finish .2 trillion funding bill MORE (R-Ky.), would cut off aid to Pakistan over the conviction of Dr. Shakil Afridi, who aided the United States in finding the late terrorist Osama bin Laden.

“I will use whatever leverage I have to get a vote on aid to Pakistan,” Paul said. “I have to agree to any [amendment list] that is agreed to.”

Paul is also seeking to block grant the entire food stamp program.

Sen. Mike JohannsMichael (Mike) Owen JohannsFarmers, tax incentives can ease the pain of a smaller farm bill Lobbying World To buy a Swiss company, ChemChina must pass through Washington MORE (R-Neb.), a former Agriculture secretary, said the farm bill could pass if Reid would just start allowing votes to begin.

“We wasted this morning,” he said. “If Reid starts the voting, we can work it out.”

He said that he is insisting on votes on an amendment stopping the Environmental Protection Agency from regulating farm dust and from conducting aerial surveillance of livestock.

McConnell in a Senate floor speech said the GOP just wants commonsense restrictions on regulations.

He listed five, including one to require the Department of Labor to consult with Congress before implementing child labor regulations for farms, one that stops the EPA from regulating non-navigable waters, one preventing the farm dust rule, one concerning Dodd-Frank financial regulations on futures and one on aerial surveillance.

“These five common sense Republican amendments I have outlined, along with several others, put an end to numerous job-killing regulations and each of them deserve a vote,” he said.

It remains unclear if this list of amendments is a signal McConnell is willing to limit GOP changes to a short-list of anti-regulation provisions.

A Democratic aide said that Reid is just trying to get a fair and reasonable list of amendments without allowing the GOP to bog down the bill.

The aide said that an amendment agreement could be reached later Tuesday but as of mid-day the fate of the 2013 farm bill was up in the air. If the bill is not enacted by Sept. 30, farm law reverts to 1949 policies, and farmers would be exposed to the market without any modern risk protection.

The Stabenow-Roberts bill puts the United States on track to spend $969 billion over 10 years and trims $23.6 billion from projected deficits. It ends direct cash payments to farmers, regardless of whether they actually farm, and replaces them with an expanded crop insurance program to cover “shallow” losses.

That program is still too generous for both conservatives and the White House, who worry that crop insurance premium support could balloon if commodity prices fall for an extended period from historic highs.

The draft bill also cuts food stamps by $4.3 billion. Liberals, led by Sen. Kirsten GillibrandKirsten Elizabeth GillibrandCoalition presses Transportation Dept. for stricter oversight of driverless cars Do Dems need someone people like to beat Trump? Franchisers blitz Congress in search of liability shield MORE (D-N.Y.), are trying to restore the cuts while conservatives led by Sen. Jeff SessionsJefferson (Jeff) Beauregard SessionsAttorneys for Trump, Mueller hold face-to-face meeting to discuss potential interview topics: report Holder: Sessions needs to 'have the guts' to say no to Trump Trump adds to legal team after attacks on Mueller MORE (R-Ala.) want billions more saved through limitations and reforms. The food stamp fight is likely to go forward even if other amendment debates are set aside.