OVERNIGHT MONEY: Obama takes economic message home

The president is pressing Congress to pass a ban on military-style assault weapons and high-capacity magazines, as well as improve background checks.

The divisive issue will probably have a hard time gaining traction in Congress. 

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On Tuesday, Obama urged lawmakers to consider some changes and give those who have suffered from gun violence “a simple vote.” 

Chicago is enduring one of its worst-ever periods of gun violence, with more than 500 killed last year. 

The trip to Chicago comes after a visit to Asheville, N.C., where he focused on ramping up the nation's manufacturing sector, and a trip on Thursday to Atlanta, where he presented a plan to provide nationwide pre-K program. 

He told teachers in Decatur, Ga., that "we all pay a price" when students don't have access to quality early-childhood education.

"The size of your paycheck shouldn't determine your child's future," Obama said. "So let's fix this. Let's make sure none of our kids start out the race of life a step behind."

Obama's proposal, which he first mentioned on Tuesday, provides federal matching dollars to states with the goal of providing preschool for every 4-year-old from moderate- or low-income families. 

On Wednesday, he argued that manufacturing would keep the nation's middle class "growing" and "thriving" at an auto parts plant in Asheville, N.C.

“I believe in manufacturing,” Obama said. “I believe it makes our economy stronger.”


WHAT ELSE WE'RE WATCHING

Freeze frame: The House on Friday will vote on and probably pass legislation that would halt President Obama's executive order calling for a 0.5 percent pay hike next month.

Republicans are arguing that the government can't afford the pay hike, which will cost $11 billion over the next decade. Democrats countered that the bill is an attempt by Republicans to continue picking on federal workers who have had their pay frozen for the last two years.


Democrats complained throughout the debate that the bill should be split in two, because it would freeze the pay of federal workers and members of Congress. 

Rep. Jared Polis (D-Colo.) accused Republicans of combining the two because of the difficulty some might have voting against a bill that limits congressional pay.


BREAKING NEWS

Selling the sequester: Senate Democratic leaders unveiled a $110 billion sequester-replacement bill at a caucus meeting on Thursday that would replace $85 billion in automatic spending cuts set to hit March 1.

The Senate Democratic package is split evenly between spending cuts and provisions raising new tax revenues.

It would raise nearly $54 billion in taxes by implementing the Buffett Rule, setting a minimum effective tax rate for wealthy individuals and families, as well as raise additional revenues by changing the tax treatment of oil extraction from oil sands.

The measure also contains $3.5 billion in new farm program spending, pushed by Senate Agriculture Committee Chairwoman Debbie StabenowDebbie StabenowOvernight Finance: House votes to repeal arbitration rule | Yellen, Cohn on Trump's list for Fed chief | House passes Russia sanctions deal | GOP centrists push back on border wall funding Senators urge quotas on Canadian lumber, consultations with Congress Kid Rock tweets poll showing him leading Senate race MORE (D-Mich.).

In exchange, Stabenow has signed off on a cut of $27.5 billion in farm subsidies known as direct payments. 

White House press secretary Jay Carney said Republicans face "a simple choice" now that Senate Democrats have proposed a plan.

"Do they protect investments in education, health care and national defense or do they continue to prioritize and protect tax loopholes that benefit the very few at the expense of middle and working class Americans?" Carney asked in a statement released by the White House.

Earlier in the day, House Speaker John BoehnerJohn BoehnerBoehner on Trump tweets: He gets 'into a pissing match with a skunk' every day Boehner predicts GOP will 'never' repeal, replace ObamaCare Sudan sanctions spur intense lobbying MORE (R-Ohio) said if the president was "serious about enacting his agenda," Senate Democrats needed to start proposing solutions to looming financial deadlines.

Still, the Democratic plan could face opposition from its more liberal members, who want to raise more money through taxes and cut less in spending.


CABINET WATCH

A no-go, for now: Senate Republicans voted 58-40 to block former Sen. Chuck HagelChuck HagelPentagon withholding nuclear weapons inspection results: report Lobbying World The US just attacked Syria. So where's Congress? MORE’s (R-Neb.) nomination as Defense secretary from proceeding to a final up-or-down vote, with 60 needed to end debate. 

Four Republicans — Sens. Susan CollinsSusan CollinsWarren: Entire country must speak up on GOP healthcare bill Senate rejects ObamaCare repeal, replacement amendment Kim Kardashian to followers: Tell your senators to vote against ObamaCare repeal MORE (Maine), Thad CochranThad CochranOvernight Finance: GOP offers measure to repeal arbitration rule | Feds fine Exxon M for Russian sanctions violations | Senate panel sticks with 2017 funding levels for budget | Trump tax nominee advances | Trump unveils first reg agenda Senate committee ignores Trump, House budgets in favor of 2017 funding levels Overnight Finance: CBO finds 22M more uninsured under Senate health bill | GOP agrees ObamaCare taxes must go | Supreme Court to look at Dodd-Frank whistleblower protections | More tax reform hearings | Green light for partial travel ban | MORE (Miss.), Lisa MurkowskiLisa MurkowskiWarren: Entire country must speak up on GOP healthcare bill Senate rejects ObamaCare repeal, replacement amendment Kim Kardashian to followers: Tell your senators to vote against ObamaCare repeal MORE (Alaska) and Mike JohannsMike JohannsLobbying World To buy a Swiss company, ChemChina must pass through Washington Republican senator vows to block nominees over ObamaCare co-ops MORE (Neb.) — joined 55 Democrats and independents in supporting the nomination. 

Republicans senators argued that they needed more time to vet Hagel for the job and would take time during next week's recess to make a final decision of their support or opposition. 


LOOSE CHANGE

Failure threat: Sen. Bob CorkerBob CorkerSenate rejects ObamaCare repeal, replacement amendment Senate votes to begin ObamaCare repeal debate Live coverage: Senate begins debate on ObamaCare repeal MORE (R-Tenn.), sent a letter to federal banking regulators after a Senate Banking Committee hearing on Thursday asking if the economy would be threatened by the failure of any single financial institution. He sent the letter to Under Secretary of the Treasury Mary J. Miller and Federal Reserve Governor Daniel K. Tarullo.

“My question was: ‘Are there any individual financial institutions whose failure would pose a systemic risk to the United States?’ I was disappointed in your answer, which seemed to indicate that you do not know if there are institutions whose failure might threaten the stability of our country,” Corker wrote. 

“[W]ould you please let me know if there are currently any financial institutions so large or so complex that their failure would threaten the financial stability of the United States?  If so, how do you plan to resolve this issue?”

So sweet: A group of bipartisan lawmakers is co-sponsoring a bill to lower sugar prices and make it easier to sell and trade sugar as a way to save consumers and businesses upward of $3.5 billion a year. 

The result, they say, would be lower food prices across the board, as well as lower costs and more jobs for businesses, such as confectioners. 

Sen. Pat Toomey (R-Pa.), who introduced the measure to the farm bill last summer, was joined by Sens. Jeanne Shaheen Jeanne ShaheenCongress must extend critical federal funding for type 1 diabetes research Overnight Defense: Trump gets briefing at Pentagon on ISIS, Afghanistan | Senate panel approves five defense picks | Senators want Syria study in defense bill Gore wishes Mikulski a happy birthday at 'Inconvenient Sequel' premiere MORE (D-N.H.), Mark KirkMark KirkMcConnell: Senate to try to repeal ObamaCare next week GOP senator: Not 'appropriate' to repeal ObamaCare without replacement GOP's repeal-only plan quickly collapses in Senate MORE (R-Ill.), Dick DurbinDick DurbinSenate Dem: We’re trying to block a recess appointment to replace Sessions Senate Dems launch talkathon ahead of ObamaCare repeal vote Top Dem: Trump’s voter fraud commission will accomplish what Putin wants MORE (D-Ill.), Rob PortmanRob PortmanMcCain votes to advance ObamaCare repeal, replace after vowing to oppose Senate rejects ObamaCare repeal, replacement amendment Trump turns up heat on AG Sessions over recusal MORE (R-Ohio), Frank Lautenberg (D-N.J.), Dianne FeinsteinDianne FeinsteinOvernight Cybersecurity: Senate Judiciary reportedly drops Manafort subpoena | Kushner meets with House Intel | House passes Russia sanctions deal | What to watch at 'hacker summer camp' Manafort agrees to speak with investigators after subpoena Manafort heads for Senate showdown after subpoena MORE (D-Calif.), Bob Corker (R-Tenn.), Kelly AyotteKelly AyotteOPINION: Democracy will send ISIS to the same grave as communism Kelly Ayotte joins defense contractor's board of directors Week ahead: Comey firing dominates Washington MORE (R-N.H.) and Lamar AlexanderLamar AlexanderSenate Dems launch talkathon ahead of ObamaCare repeal vote This week: ObamaCare repeal vote looms over Senate Senate panel rejects Trump funding cuts on Energy Department programs MORE (R-Tenn.), as well as Reps. Joe Pitts (R-Pa.), Danny Davis (D-Ill.), Earl BlumenauerEarl BlumenauerThe Hill's 12:30 Report Do we really want to give Trump a new nuke? Medical marijuana patients need an antidote for Jeff Sessions MORE (D-Ore.) and Bob GoodlatteBob GoodlatteRepublicans battle within party over online sales tax bill Booker wants more scrutiny of Amazon-Whole Foods merger Dem wants hearing on Amazon's bid for Whole Foods MORE (R-Va.). 

“This flawed policy hurts not only candy companies and food manufacturers, but also the families who end up paying higher costs for products made with sugar,” Toomey said.


ECONOMIC INDICATORS 

Industrial Production-Capacity Utilization: The Federal Reserve will release its January report showing the physical output of the nation's factories, mines and utilities. The monthly report also provides a measure of capacity utilization. 

Michigan Sentiment: Thomson Reuters/University of Michigan will release its measure of consumer sentiment for February. 


WHAT YOU MIGHT HAVE MISSED

— Legislation would raise business lending caps for credit unions
— Senate Dems hold the line on consumer bureau
— Sen. Warren presses regulators to take firmer line with banks
BoehnerJohn BoehnerBoehner on Trump tweets: He gets 'into a pissing match with a skunk' every day Boehner predicts GOP will 'never' repeal, replace ObamaCare Sudan sanctions spur intense lobbying MORE challenges Senate Dems to take lead, pass Obama second-term agenda
— USPS poll: Public backs five-day delivery
— Gallup: Americans support ending Saturday mail delivery
— Lawmakers claim momentum in push for Internet sales tax
— Obama favors sacking the penny
— Talks continue between AFL-CIO, Chamber on immigration reform
— Senators urge regulators to scrap down payment rule
— US, Switzerland sign tax evasion agreement
Jobless claims drop by 27,000


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