Five things to know about the new ObamaCare repeal bill

The new ObamaCare repeal bill under consideration in the Senate includes some controversial policies that have divided Republicans in the past.

Some senators haven’t taken a position on the bill from Sens. Lindsey GrahamLindsey Olin GrahamGOP strategist: Putin press conference 'made Trump look weak' Release of Carter Page surveillance documents reignites debate Graham: Warrant for Carter Page surveillance was 'a bunch of garbage' MORE (R-S.C.) and Bill CassidyWilliam (Bill) Morgan CassidyGOP senators introduce resolution endorsing ICE Lawmakers pitch dueling plans for paid family leave New push to break deadlock on paid family leave MORE (R-La.), saying that they have yet to fully digest the bill and how it would work.

In short: The bill ends federal funds for ObamaCare’s Medicaid expansion and the subsidies that help people afford coverage. Instead, the money would be converted into block grants and given to the states.

Here are five things to know about the legislation.

It could lead to insurer rules being waived in some states.

The legislation includes controversial waivers that would allow states to opt out of certain ObamaCare regulations, pending approval from the government.

For instance, insurers in some states could charge sick people more money and opt out of covering a list of 10 categories of services, such as maternity and mental health care.

In early May, Cassidy said any legislation the Senate passes must meet what he dubbed the "Jimmy Kimmel test” — a reference to an impassioned speech the talk show host gave urging Congress to ensure those with pre-existing conditions had affordable health insurance.  

On Monday, Kimmel suggested the legislation failed Cassidy’s own test.

But Cassidy told reporters Friday that he believes the bill protects those with pre-existing conditions because states would have to show they are providing “affordable and adequate” coverage before a waiver could be granted.

It would change Medicaid funding dramatically.

Like the Senate’s previous repeal bills, Graham-Cassidy would eliminate funding for ObamaCare’s Medicaid expansion. Instead, starting in 2020, states would receive a block grant based on a formula meant to redistribute money from high-spending states to low-spending states.

The block grant would be capped per beneficiary, regardless of how much a state spends. The grant would not adjust based on changes in states’ funding needs, and it could be spent for virtually any health-care purpose.

The bill’s sponsors have said the formula is based on fairness. They say states that took the Medicaid expansion like Massachusetts, California and New York shouldn’t get more federal money than states like Texas or Alabama that rejected the expansion. 

Sen. Rand PaulRandal (Rand) Howard PaulThe Hill's Morning Report — Trump and Congress at odds over Russia GOP leader blocks resolution backing intelligence community on Russia Rand Paul blocks Sanders's Russia resolution, calls it 'crazy hatred' against Trump MORE (R-Ky.), who said he opposes the plan, said it isn’t about fairness at all.

"This is a game of Republicans sticking it to Democrats," Paul said. “The formula is taken arbitrarily out of space mostly to take money from four Democratic states and redistribute it to Republican states.”

It defunds Planned Parenthood. 

The bill defunds Planned Parenthood for a year, a provision that’s been divisive among Republicans.

This measure is important to many senators, including the caucus’s most conservative members. But Sens. Lisa MurkowskiLisa Ann MurkowskiThis week: GOP mulls vote on ‘abolish ICE’ legislation Dem infighting erupts over Supreme Court pick McConnell: Senate to confirm Kavanaugh by Oct. 1 MORE (R-Alaska) and Susan CollinsSusan Margaret CollinsThe Hill's Morning Report — Russia furor grips Washington Overnight Health Care: Novartis pulls back on drug price hikes | House Dems launch Medicare for All caucus | Trump officials pushing ahead on Medicaid work requirements Senate panel to vote next week on banning 'gag clauses' in pharmacy contracts MORE (R-Maine) have objected to defunding Planned Parenthood in other bills, particularly GOP leadership’s ObamaCare repeal bill. 

“It makes absolutely no sense to eliminate federal funding for Planned Parenthood,” Collins said in late June.

“There are already longstanding restrictions on the use of federal funds for abortion, so this is not what this debate is about. And Planned Parenthood is an important provider of health-care services, including family planning and cancer screenings for millions of Americans, particularly women,” she told ABC’s George Stephanopoulos on “This Week.”

During the last floor debate on an ObamaCare repeal bill, Murkowski and Collins wanted a vote on an amendment to strip out the Planned Parenthood provision.

But ultimately the Senate never reached that amendment vote as the pair — along with Sen. John McCainJohn Sidney McCainThe Memo: Summit fallout hits White House Graham: Biggest problem is Trump ‘believes meddling equals collusion’ Obama, Bush veterans dismiss Trump-Putin interpreter subpoena MORE (R-Ariz.) — opposed a scaled-down version of ObamaCare repeal, halting work on the bill.

It does not contain funding to fight the opioid crisis. 

The first version of the Senate GOP leadership’s ObamaCare repeal bill included $2 billion to help address the opioid epidemic.

Sens. Rob PortmanRobert (Rob) Jones PortmanGOP to White House: End summit mystery US to provide additional 0M in defensive aid to Ukraine Senate GOP attempts to wave Trump off second Putin summit MORE (R-Ohio) and Shelley Moore CapitoShelley Wellons Moore CapitoSenate GOP attempts to wave Trump off second Putin summit Lots of love: Charity tennis match features lawmakers teaming up across the aisle Senate takes symbolic shot at Trump tariffs MORE (R-W.Va.) pushed for $45 billion more in funding, and leadership acquiesced.

But the new legislation from Cassidy and Graham doesn’t add any new money to fight the epidemic. 

Portman said the money was needed in previous iterations of ObamaCare repeal bill because it ended the Medicaid expansion. He said he wanted to provide a way for those receiving treatment to “land on their feet.”

The new bill is different, Portman said, “because it keeps Medicaid expansion in place if a governor chooses to do so, like my governor or any other governors.”

He added: “As you can imagine, I’m talking to them about the opioid issue because we’re studying, trying to figure out what the impact might be, and I’m hopeful there can be some help with regard to that particular issue.”

It would set up a huge fiscal cliff.

The legislation gives states a temporary block grant to replace ObamaCare’s Medicaid expansion and subsidies. But the block grant expires at the end of 2026, creating a massive funding cliff. 

Cassidy and Graham have said they think the cliff won’t matter, because Congress will reauthorize the program. But the mere presence of an expiration date for the funding is likely to cause anxiety for state governments.

According to an analysis by the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, the sudden end to the block grants would result in a $299 billion cut to federal health spending across every state.  

Even if there were political support to approve hundreds of billions of dollars in increased government spending in 2026, the cost would likely need to be offset. Finding a way to do so could prove difficult.