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Five takeaways from Comey's testimony

Five takeaways from Comey's testimony
© Greg Nash

FBI Director James Comey delivered passionate and defiant testimony before a Senate panel on Wednesdaythat managed to frustrate both Republicans and Democrats.

The four-hour appearance before the Senate Judiciary Committee was supposed to be about general oversight of the FBI, but it quickly turned into a fierce relitigation of the 2016 presidential election.

Here are five takeaways from Comey’s testimony:

1. Comey isn’t sorry

The FBI chief indicated he did not regret sending a letter to lawmakers 11 days before the Nov. 8 election revealing the bureau had found new evidence possibly related to its investigation involving Democratic presidential nominee Hillary ClintonHillary Diane Rodham ClintonGeorge HW Bush wears 'book socks' to Barbara Bush's funeral to honor her passion for literacy Obamas, Clintons to attend funeral of Barbara Bush Hillary Clinton to fundraise in DC for public charter high school MORE.

GOP lawmakers immediately made the letter public, thrusting questions about Clinton's use of a private email server while serving as secretary of State into the spotlight in the campaign's final days.

Democrats have accused Comey of employing a double standard by publicly discussing the Clinton investigation while remaining silent about a separate probe underway into possible ties between Russia and then-GOP nominee Donald TrumpDonald John TrumpFlynn to campaign for Montana GOP Senate candidate Trump considering pardon for boxing legend after call from Sylvester Stallone Decline in EPA enforcement won't keep climate bill from coming MORE.

Clinton on Tuesday directly blamed Comey's letter for contributing to her loss, saying otherwise she was "on the way to winning."

The FBI director said Wednesday he felt “mildly nauseous” at the notion the bureau’s conduct may have influenced the outcome of the election, but he insisted he "wouldn’t have done it any differently."

Comey said that because he had already told lawmakers that the Clinton probe was complete, restarting the investigation in such a “hugely significant way” without alerting Congress would be “catastrophic."

He was silent on the Trump investigation, he said, because at the time of the election, it was in its very early stages. The bureau opened that probe in July.

2. Emotions over the election are still raw

Both Republicans and Democrats on Wednesday peppered Comey with questions about his handling of the investigations.

Democrats repeatedly expressed dissatisfaction with Comey’s reason for providing such transparency with the Clinton probe while staying mum on the Trump campaign probe.

“It’s still very unclear — and I hope, director, that you will clear this up — why the FBI’s treatment of these two investigations was so dramatically different,” said Dianne FeinsteinDianne Emiel FeinsteinSunday Shows Preview: Emmanuel Macron talks ahead of state dinner CIA declassifies memo on nominee's handling of interrogation tapes Senate panel punts Mueller protection bill to next week MORE (Calif.), the committee's top Democrat.

Meanwhile, Chairman Chuck GrassleyCharles (Chuck) Ernest GrassleyGrassley renews complaints about History Channel Republicans divided over legislation protecting Mueller The Hill's Morning Report: Inside the Comey memos MORE (R-Iowa) opened the hearing with a litany of criticisms of the bureau's handling of the investigation into Clinton’s email server, accusing it of failing to follow up on “credible evidence of intent to hide federal records from Congress and the public” in its "haste to end a tough, politically charged investigation."

"A cloud of doubt hangs over the FBI’s objectivity," Grassley told a packed hearing room.

3. Comey explains DOJ dynamic: ‘I hope someday you'll understand'

Comey has long been seen as a maverick.

When he announced in July 2016 that the bureau had finished its Clinton investigation — calling the former secretary of State “extremely careless” in his summary — Comey informed then-Attorney General Loretta Lynch only that morning.

But on Wednesday, Comey repeatedly struck a conciliatory tone toward the Justice Department as a whole. He declined to answer many questions, saying he had not been authorized to do so.

That deference follows on the careful wording of his March announcement that the bureau was investigating the Trump campaign, an announcement he emphasized at the time was approved by the Justice Department.

He also gave some insight into his own personal conflict on the morning of the explosive July press conference where he announced that he wouldn't recommend criminal charges against Clinton.

“That was a hard call for me to make — to call the attorney general that morning and say, 'I'm about to do a press conference, and I'm not going to tell you what I'm going to say,'" he told lawmakers.

“I said to her, ‘I hope someday you'll understand why I think I have to do this.’ But look, I wasn't loving this."

At the time, Comey said, he believed that Lynch’s highly publicized meeting with former President Bill ClintonWilliam (Bill) Jefferson ClintonWith Ryan out, let’s blow up the process for selecting the next Speaker When Barbara Bush praised Bill Clinton, and Clinton praised the man she loved Meet the Democratic sleeper candidate gunning for Senate in Nebraska MORE had undermined the public’s faith in the integrity of the investigation.

“Her meeting with President Clinton … was the capper for me,” he said. “And I then said, you know what, the department cannot by itself credibly end this.”

4. The FBI may be investigating internal leaks

Comey seemed to obliquely confirm Wednesday that the bureau is conducting an internal investigation into whether FBI officials inappropriately leaked information about the Clinton probe during the campaign to former New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani (R), an ally of Trump’s.

Asked by Sen. Patrick LeahyPatrick Joseph LeahyCongress should build on the momentum from spending bill Overnight Tech: Zuckerberg grilled by lawmakers over data scandal | What we learned from marathon hearing | Facebook hit with class action lawsuit | Twitter endorses political ad disclosure bill | Uber buys bike share Overnight Cybersecurity: Zuckerberg faces grilling in marathon hearing | What we learned from Facebook chief | Dems press Ryan to help get Russia hacking records | Top Trump security adviser resigning MORE (D-Vt.) about Giuliani’s public claims that agents were talking to him, Comey replied, “I don't know yet, but there will be severe consequences if people were leaking."

He went on to refer to it as “a matter FBI is looking into.”

5. Trump, Clinton investigations are dominating FBI oversight

Comey’s own conduct leading up to the election dominated Wednesday's hearing, though some lawmakers pressed him to describe the value of a foreign surveillance law used by the FBI that expires at the end of the year.

Comey openly discussed the Justice Department inspector general (IG) probe into his handling of the Clinton investigation.

The IG has already interviewed him and likely will again, Comey said, insisting that he welcomes the scrutiny.

“If I did something wrong, I want to hear that,” he said, calling the choices he has made “painful.”

“I think I’ve done the right thing at each turn," he added.