This Week in Tech: Cybersecurity showdown arrives in Senate

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The GOP co-sponsors of Sen. John McCainJohn Sidney McCainMcCain rips Trump for attacks on press NSA spying program overcomes key Senate hurdle Meghan McCain says her father regrets opposition to MLK Day MORE's (R-Ariz.) rival bill, the Secure IT Act, have already made good on their promise to file their measure as a substitute amendment. Those Republican members are also likely to introduce pieces of Secure IT as amendments so that the final product looks more like their bill, which they argue has a higher chance of passing the House.

On Monday, the co-sponsors of the Cybersecurity Act and Secure IT Act, as well as other senators involved in earlier compromise efforts, will continue negotiations on different parts of the bill. While it's unlikely that any sweeping agreement will be reached, the senators might be able to find amendments to Lieberman's bill that both parties can back.

The group began their discussions last week. On Friday, Lieberman and Sens. Dianne FeinsteinDianne Emiel FeinsteinDHS chief takes heat over Trump furor NSA spying program overcomes key Senate hurdle Democrats will need to explain if they shut government down over illegal immigration MORE (D-Calif.) and Chris CoonsChristopher (Chris) Andrew CoonsA Department of Energy foundation: An idea whose time has come We must reconcile privacy and safety in the digital era Protecting intellectual property in America is harder than ever MORE (D-Del.) met with representatives from the U.S. Chamber of Commerce to go over their concerns with the Cybersecurity Act, specifically the information sharing measures. The Chamber is the most prominent critic of Lieberman's bill, and the group’s opposition carries a lot of weight with GOP members.

Later on Friday, the senators met with Homeland Security Department officials, including Rand BeersRand BeersNational security figures urge Trump to disclose foreign business ties DNC creates cybersecurity board The Hill's 12:30 Report MORE, the under secretary for the department's national protection and programs directorate.

Senators had already filed a raft of amendments to the cybersecurity bill by Friday afternoon. Sens. John McCain (R-Ariz.) and Kay Bailey Hutchison (R-Texas) filed amendments with the Secure IT bill in them. Sen. Patrick LeahyPatrick Joseph LeahyNSA spying program overcomes key Senate hurdle McConnell to Dems: Don't hold government 'hostage' over DACA Nielsen acknowledges Trump used 'tough language' in immigration meeting MORE (D-Vt.) submitted five amendments that cover areas of data security, privacy and stiffening penalties for cyber crime.

Sens. Al FrankenAlan (Al) Stuart FrankenPawlenty opts out of Senate run in Minnesota EMILY’s List president: Franken did 'right thing for Minnesota' Dem pledges to ask all court nominees about sexual harassment history under oath MORE (D-Minn.) and Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.) announced plans last week to file amendments aimed at boosting the privacy protections in the bill. Sen. Daniel Akaka (D-Hawaii) filed an amendment last week that proposes to establish a chief privacy officer in the Office of Management and Budget.

Additionally, Sen. Ron WydenRonald (Ron) Lee WydenWeek ahead: Senate takes up surveillance bill This week: Time running out for Congress to avoid shutdown Senate Finance Dems want more transparency on trade from Trump MORE (D-Ore.) is working on his own set of proposed changes to the bill. Wyden plans on filing his GPS Act as an amendment, which would require police to obtain a warrant before requesting location data from a person's cellphone, laptop or GPS device, except in an emergency. He also plans to file an amendment that would narrow the FISMA reforms in the bill, and another that would state that the international cooperation-related provisions could not be interpreted "to authorize the president to enter into a binding international agreement establishing disciplines on cybersecurity without advice and consent of the Senate," according to a Wyden spokesman.

But even if Lieberman's bill manages to clear the Senate, it faces long odds of emerging from the House intact. GOP House leaders indicate they oppose any legislation to pressure companies to adopt tougher cybersecurity standards.

In other technology news, the Senate, Commerce and Science Transportation Committee will hold a hearing on Wednesday to examine legislation that would allow states to tax online purchases.

Committee Chairman Jay RockefellerJohn (Jay) Davison RockefellerOvernight Tech: Trump nominates Dem to FCC | Facebook pulls suspected baseball gunman's pages | Uber board member resigns after sexist comment Trump nominates former FCC Dem for another term Obama to preserve torture report in presidential papers MORE (D-W.Va.) is a co-sponsor of the online tax bill, the Marketplace Fairness Act. The measure is also supported by Sens. Dick DurbinRichard (Dick) Joseph DurbinMcCarthy: ‘No deadline on DACA’ Ex-Sheriff David Clarke: Trump only one who 'cares about black American citizens' DHS chief takes heat over Trump furor MORE (D-Ill.), Mike EnziMichael (Mike) Bradley EnziGOP is addressing tax cuts and a pension bill that could help coal miners Overnight Finance: Congress sends Trump funding bill to avert shutdown | WH sees 'tentative' deal on defense spending | GOP discovers corporate tax snag | Consumer bureau fight heats up | Apple could see B windfall from tax bill Overnight Finance: Congress sends Trump bill to avert shutdown | GOP discovers corporate tax snag | CFPB leadership battle rages MORE (R-Wyo.) and Lamar AlexanderAndrew (Lamar) Lamar AlexanderWeek ahead: Lawmakers near deal on children's health funding Ryan suggests room for bipartisanship on ObamaCare Time to end fiscal year foolishness MORE (R-Tenn.).

The House Judiciary Committee held a hearing on counterpart sales tax legislation last week.

Under current law, states can only collect sales taxes from retailers that have a physical presence in their state. People who order items online from another state are supposed to declare the purchase on their tax forms, but few do.

The legislation is backed strongly by traditional brick-and-mortar stores, who say the current system gives an unfair advantage to online retailers. Online giant Amazon is also lobbying for the legislation, arguing that a national standard is preferable to a patchwork of state laws. Amazon reportedly has plans to dramatically expand its physical distribution centers, which would make it subject to taxes in many states under current law anyway.

Online auction site eBay and many anti-tax groups oppose the bills, saying they will stifle e-commerce and burden taxpayers.

On Tuesday morning, the Senate Homeland Security and Government Affairs Committee's subcommittee on Oversight of Government Management will hold a hearing to consider whether to update the 1974 Privacy Act, which restricts how the federal government can handle people's personal information.

Subcommittee Chairman Akaka has sponsored a bill, S. 1732, which would implement privacy safeguards and require federal agencies to notify the public in the event of a data breach.

The witnesses will be Mary Ellen Callahan, The Homeland Security Department's chief privacy officer; Greg Long, executive director of the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board; Greg Wilshusen, director of information security issues for the Government Accountability Office; Peter Swire, law professor at Ohio State University; Chris Calabrese, legislative counsel for the American Civil Liberties Union; and Paul Rosenzweig, a visiting fellow for The Heritage Foundation.