Before that can happen however, it has been cleared by antitrust law regulators and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).
Lawmakers have said they want to take a look at the merger as well, which is the latest manifestation of a trend toward airline consolidation that begin in 2008. It follows deals between Delta and Northwest Airlines, United and Continental Airlines, and Southwest Airlines and AirTran Airways.
The companies, based in Tempe, Ariz., and Fort Worth, Texas respectively, have been in negotiations to combine for the better part of a year. The talks, which American initially resisted, began when it entered bankruptcy in late 2011.
The House meeting to review the potential deal this week will be chaired by Rep. Spencer BachusSpencer BachusSpencer Bachus: True leadership The FDA should approve the first disease-modifying treatment for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy Study: Payday lenders fill GOP coffers MORE (R-Ala.).
Also in the House this week, the lower chamber's Transportation and Infrastructure Committee will hold a hearing Wednesday to review the implementation of the $63 billion funding bill that was approved last year for the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).
The bill included reforms to the aviation agency's operation that had been sought by House Republicans, and the GOP-led Transportation Committee wants an update on the agency's progress.
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