The NMFS sets rules for fishing in the oceans off of the United States, taking care to preserve fish populations and protect endangered species.
For regulations on fishing in the Caribbean, it used a 2011 report that relied on an “inadequate” assessment of how the coral, which are considered “threatened” under the Endangered Species Act, are affected, according to the court.
As such, Judge Salvador Casellas wrote in his opinion, “this agency violated its substantive duty to ensure that the continued operation of the Fishery did not jeopardize the continued existence of elkhorn and staghorn.”
Fish use the coral for their habitat. Parrotfish and other creatures eat algae that would otherwise grow out of control in the reef and prevent the coral from thriving.
Catching too many fish would allow for algae to grow and smother the coral, which in turn affects the fish populations.
The Center for Biological Diversity joined with CORALations to sue the service over its fishing rules. Lawyers from Earthjustice handled the case.