Sen. Tim Johnson to retire, lifting Republican hopes in battle for Senate

Sen. Tim JohnsonTimothy (Tim) Peter JohnsonCornell to launch new bipartisan publication led by former Rep. Steve Israel Trump faces tough path to Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac overhaul Several hurt when truck runs into minimum wage protesters in Michigan MORE (D-S.D.) will not seek reelection in 2014, The Hill has confirmed, putting another red-state seat up for grabs in the battle for control of the Senate.

Johnson, who is serving his third term, will announce the news on Tuesday at the University of South Dakota, his former school. Johnson will be the fifth Senate Democrat to retire this election cycle.

The decision gives Republicans another prime pickup opportunity as they work to win back control of the Senate.

Republicans need to gain six seats to flip control of the upper chamber in 2014. Mitt Romney carried South Dakota with 57 percent of the vote in the 2012 presidential election.

The National Republican Senatorial Committee said the seat would have switched parties whether Johnson retired or not, judging by Romney's big win in the state.

"South Dakota voters overwhelmingly rejected the Democratic agenda by 20 points in 2012 and is a prime pick up opportunity for Republicans regardless of whose name Democrats put on the ballot," said Brad Dayspring, communications director for the NRSC.

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The GOP already has a strong candidate in former Gov. Mike Rounds, who announced his candidacy last year and leads all potential Democratic opponents, according to a poll from the Democratic-leaning Public Policy Polling released last week.

But the eventual Republican nominee could face a stiff challenge from another member of the Johnson clan: U.S. attorney for South Dakota Brendan Johnson, who has not ruled out a run for his father's seat.

Former Democratic Rep. Stephanie Herseth Sandlin has also been mentioned as possible candidate. She scored higher approval numbers than the senator in the PPP poll.

An official with the South Dakota Democratic Party predicted that Sandlin and Johnson’s son would not compete against each other in the primary.

The official, who did not speak for attribution because the senator has not publicly announced a decision, said one of the candidates would likely forgo a Senate race and run for either the House or the governor’s office in 2014.

“I don’t think we’ll have a primary,” the official said, while declining to speculate on which candidate would enter the Senate race. 

Johnson, who is chairman of the Senate Banking Committee, was first elected in 1996 after serving eight years in the House. He suffered a brain hemorrhage in 2006, which kept him out of Congress for a year.

In a sign he was not angling for reelection, Johnson voted in favor of the Democrats’ budget last week. Four other Democratic senators up for reelection from red states voted "no" on the budget, which contains nearly $1 trillion in tax increases. 

Johnson’s retirement adds to the challenges facing Democrats as they try to hold onto the Senate majority.

Four other veteran Democratic senators have already announced they won’t seek reelection next year: Sens. Tom HarkinThomas (Tom) Richard HarkinFCC needs to help services for the deaf catch up to videoconferencing tech Biden celebrates anniversary of Americans with Disabilities Act Ex-Rep. Abby Finkenauer running for Senate in Iowa MORE (Iowa), Frank Lautenberg (N.J.), Carl LevinCarl Milton LevinOvernight Defense: First group of Afghan evacuees arrives in Virginia | Biden signs Capitol security funding bill, reimbursing Guard | Pentagon raises health protection level weeks after lowering it Biden pays tribute to late Sen. Levin: 'Embodied the best of who we are' Former Colorado Gov. Richard Lamm dead at 85 MORE (Mich.) and Jay RockefellerJohn (Jay) Davison RockefellerHumorless politics a sad sign of our times Bottom Line World Health Day: It's time to fight preventable disease MORE (D-W.Va.).

The Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee declined to comment until Johnson announces his decision on Tuesday.

On the Republican side, Sens. Saxby ChamblissClarence (Saxby) Saxby ChamblissEffective and profitable climate solutions are within the nation's farms and forests Live coverage: Georgia Senate runoffs Trump, Biden face new head-to-head contest in Georgia MORE (Ga.) and Mike JohannsMichael (Mike) Owen JohannsMeet the Democratic sleeper candidate gunning for Senate in Nebraska Farmers, tax incentives can ease the pain of a smaller farm bill Lobbying World MORE (Neb.) have announced they will not seek reelection, but both of those seats are likely to remain in the Republican column. 

—Last updated at 6:18 p.m.