New federal hate crime statistics are the first to include gender identity and gender as possible categories for bias-driven crimes.


Transgender and gender-nonconforming people accounted for 0.5 percent of victims of crimes in which the offender was motivated by a single bias in 2013, according to data released Monday by the FBI.  

Transgender advocates have worked to draw attention to the high rates of hate crimes involving members of their community and say law enforcement does not always adequately investigate those crimes. Transgender people make up 0.3 percent of the population at large, according to the Williams Institute at UCLA, though that estimate does not explicitly include gender-nonconforming people.

A smaller number of victims in 2013 — 0.4 percent — were targeted because of their actual or perceived gender.

Racial bias motivated more single-bias crimes in 2013 than any other characteristic. Racially motivated incidents accounted for 49.3 percent of single-bias crimes. Twenty-point-two percent of victims were targeted because of their sexual orientation. Religious bias drove offenders to target 16.9 of victims, according to the data.

There were 7,230 total victims of single-bias crimes in 2013, according to the statistics.

The statistics are the first released under the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act, which passed in 2009. The act expanded the definition of hate crimes to include crimes motivated by a victim’s actual or perceived sexual orientation, gender identity, gender or disability.

It also ordered the FBI to record statistics for crimes where an individual was targeted because of an offender's bias against their gender or gender identity.

The passage of the act was one of the early successes of the Obama administration. It is named for Shepard, a gay man whose gruesome murder drew national attention to the problem of anti-gay crimes, and Byrd, a black man murdered by white supremacists in 1998.