Dictionary.com on Tuesday announced that it has updated more than 15,000 entries on its central site, including capitalizing Black in reference to people, replacing references to “homosexual” and more.
The changes represent the site's biggest update ever, including 650 new entries for words, 2,100 new definitions, 1,200 new etymologies, 1,700 new pronunciations and more than 11,000 revised definitions.
A Tuesday statement from the site said that “capitalizing Black confers the due dignity to the shared identity, culture, and history of Black people. It also aligns with the practice of using initial capital letters for many other ethnic groups and national identities, e.g., Hispanic.”
Dictionary.com called the move “major — and extremely rare” in the “dictionary world.”
The statement added that the site developed an entirely new entry for Black in reference to people to separate its meaning from other uses of black “whose dozens of definitions range from senses extending from a core meaning of darkness, to related senses involving dirt, and even metaphorical uses involving evildoing.”
“Dictionaries are not merely a linguistic exercise or academic enterprise. What are the effects of Black, referring to human beings, being grouped together with black, which can mean, among other things, 'wicked'? The effects are social. They are psychological. They are personal. How words are entered into the dictionary—especially words concerning our personal identities—have real effects on real people in the real world,” the Tuesday statement said.
Dictionary.com also replaced references to the word “homosexual,” such as using “gay, gay man, or gay woman.” It has replaced references to “homosexuality” with “gay sexual orientation.”
The site also updated its definitions of words that use the "-sexual" suffix, such as bisexual or pansexual. Previously, its definitions used the phrasing “romantically or sexually attracted to,” but, under the new changes, it will now use “romantically, emotionally, or sexually attracted to.”
“Not only do these revisions help eliminate heterosexual bias in language, they also help better convey the diversity and richness of—and take Pride with a capital P in—human sexual experience and identity,” the site said.
The site also updated entries on mental health, including replacing all instances of “commit suicide” with “die by suicide” or “end one’s life,” explaining that the language is “preferred by mental health professionals and suicide prevention specialists.”
“The moralistic verb commit is associated with crime (in the justice system) and sin (in religion), deepening the emotional pain surrounding this sensitive but important subject—and thickening the barriers to talking openly about it,” the Tuesday statement said.
The site has also removed uses of the word “addict” as a noun, instead referencing “a person addicted to” or a “habitual user of,” stating that “these changes foreground the fact that people who have addictions are human beings, first and foremost.”
“Referring to people with addictions as addicts or alcoholics reduces them to a label—and one long connoting moral failure and weakness of character—and defines them by only a single aspect of their complex humanity,” the statement said.
The site also added a slate of changes surrounding emotional support, comfort, service and other health and assistance uses for animals.
And it added slang words such as “GOAT" and "janky," as well as movement names like “MeToo.”