As the Senate returns after Labor Day from its August recess, there is little sign that the “Filibuster Summer” will not become the ‘Filibuster Autumn” and perhaps even the “Filibuster Christmas.” 

Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellThe Hill's 12:30 Report — Presented by UANI — House Dems charge Trump with abuse, obstruction of Congress in impeachment articles Senate must take up Voting Rights Advancement Act without delay Krystal Ball: Is this how Bernie Sanders will break the establishment? MORE (R-Ky.) adopted the Filibuster Summer label when Democrats made it clear they would use the filibuster to prevent the Senate from considering any of the annual appropriations bills required to fund the government unless and until the Republicans came to negotiate the budget.  Democrats last June quickly put teeth in that threat by filibustering the defense appropriations bill and prevailing on the cloture vote attempt at ending that filibuster.

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Democratic Leader Harry Reid (Nev.) suggested that McConnell “walk into his office, his little bathroom there, look in the mirror, because over that mirror, he should be able to see the words 'hypocrisy and cynicism…'”  He suggested that it was the Republicans who are responsible for the summer’s gridlock because they continue to refuse to meet the Democrats at the negotiating table.

Now the summer is ending. Will the logjam break up?  There’s little chance of that.  On the horizon is a pile-up of contentious issues each with its own filibuster possibilities.

The new fiscal year begins on October 1.  If the appropriations impasse is not resolved by then, we face another government shutdown. Neither party wants that, but that fact alone won’t prevent it from happening. 

Most expect the shutdown to be avoided by a temporary funding measure known as a “continuing resolution.” McConnell has repeatedly said , “We’re not doing government shutdowns.”  But, some members of McConnell’s own caucus, notably led by Sen. Ted CruzRafael (Ted) Edward CruzBarr: 'I haven't looked into' whether Ukraine meddled in 2016 election Houston police chief excoriates McConnell, Cornyn and Cruz on gun violence FBI head rejects claims of Ukrainian 2016 interference MORE (R-Texas), are threatening to block any such legislation unless it defunds Planned Parenthood.  Cruz recently, in a phone call with thousands of Christian pastors, declared “That is the circumstance in which the vote actually has teeth. That is the circumstance in which Congress would actually cut off funding. Here’s the challenge: The leadership of both parties … want an empty show vote.”  Cruz’s level of cooperation with the Senate’s Republican leadership can be seen in the incident last month in which he called McConnell “a liar” on the Senate floor.  Other Republican presidential candidates, including front-runner Donald TrumpDonald John TrumpSanders urges impeachment trial 'quickly' in the Senate US sending 20,000 troops to Europe for largest exercises since Cold War Barr criticizes FBI, says it's possible agents acted in 'bad faith' in Trump probe MORE have made clear their support for using the appropriations process as leverage to end the funding. 

Of course, defunding Planned Parenthood is a non-starter for Democrats.  They would no doubt filibuster any appropriations legislation seeking to do so.

But, the threat to shut down the government is hardly the only filibuster crisis the returning Senate will face.  Sometime later this year, probably November or December, Congress will need to lift the $18.1 trillion debt ceiling to avoid a catastrophic default.  Again, neither party wants to see the nation’s first-ever default.  However, Congress has fought pitched battles over lifting the debt limit in recent years, voting to either suspend or increase the debt limit a total of seven times since 2010. In 2013, Congress waited until the last possible moment.  The last time Congress raised the debt limit, in February 2014, it did so only after overcoming a filibuster by Cruz.  Presidential candidate Trump recently said of a debt ceiling showdown, “I would say it’s worth the fight.”

Perhaps the most significant filibuster fight could come on the resolution of disapproval on the Iran deal.  Until recently, the conventional wisdom has been that Congress would pass the disapproval resolution forcing President Obama to veto it and that the Congress would then override the veto.  Since all of the Senate Republicans are likely to vote for the resolution, sustaining the veto would require 34 Democratic votes.  It appears that the president would have sufficient support.  But as the number of Senate Democrats supporting the Iran agreement has risen in recent days, the possibility that Democrats could successfully block the disapproval resolution from even reaching the Senate floor seems feasible. Reid has recently said, “I know it’s a long shot, but I hope that it can be done.”  To block consideration of the resolution, Democrats would need 41 votes, seven more than to sustain a veto.

The White House is pushing for the filibuster.  A member of the Foreign Relations Committee minority, Sen. Chris MurphyChristopher (Chris) Scott MurphyWhy the Democrats' impeachment drive is in trouble — and what Nancy Pelosi needs to do about it The Hill's Morning Report - Sponsored by AdvaMed - A crucial week on impeachment Senate braces for brawl on Trump impeachment rules MORE (D-Conn.) has explained why: “There’s a cost to the international credibility of the country and this president if a motion of disapproval passes the House and the Senate… There is some harm to the country’s standing if we have to go through the charade of the veto.”

Republican Senator Tom CottonThomas (Tom) Bryant CottonTikTok chief cancels Capitol Hill meetings, inflaming tensions Lawsuits pose new challenge for TikTok TikTok's leader to meet with lawmakers next week MORE (Ark.), a leader in the fight to reject the Iran nuclear deal has attacked the filibuster threat, "Harry ReidHarry Mason ReidNevada journalist: Harry Reid will play 'significant role' in Democratic primary The Hill's Morning Report - Sponsored by AdvaMed - A crucial week on impeachment The Hill's Morning Report — Pelosi makes it official: Trump will be impeached MORE wants to deny the American people a voice entirely by blocking an up-or-down vote on this terrible deal… He is obstructing because he is scared."  

Although I support the Iran agreement, I am struck by the irony of the president hanging his hat on a Senate filibuster.  Earlier this year President Obama argued that the use of the filibuster in the Senate “almost ensures greater gridlock and less clarity in terms of the positions of the parties.” He added, “There’s nothing in the Constitution that requires it.”

Arenberg worked for Sens. Paul Tsongas (D-Mass.), Carl LevinCarl Milton LevinRemembering leaders who put country above party Strange bedfellows oppose the filibuster Listen, learn and lead: Congressional newcomers should leave the extremist tactics at home MORE (D-Mich.) and Majority Leader George Mitchell (D-Maine) for 34 years and is co-author of the recently published “Defending the Filibuster: The Soul of the Senate-Revised and Edited Edition.” He is an adjunct professor of international & public affairs and political science at the Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs at Brown University.