Dogs are working on the front lines of homeland security, protecting some of our most vulnerable public spaces. Patrolling airports, stadiums, and train stations to sniff out explosives, they are a vital and irreplaceable piece of American law enforcement. Congress has just taken a major step forward to ensure that we can acquire and train enough dogs to meet our security needs.
The global demand for highly trained, explosive detection dogs is only increasing. Despite technological advances in almost every facet of security, when it comes to explosives detection, dogs remain the most accurate, cost-effective, and reliable way of locating explosives. As a result, law enforcement agencies across the world are in heated competition to acquire the most suitable dogs for these tasks.
For the U.S., this most often means relying on foreign dog breeders to meet this demand. The Department of Defense and Department of Homeland Security source up to 90 percent of their dogs from European breeders, one of our few vital security needs that is effectively outsourced.
There are significant drawbacks to this approach. Government buyers commonly find themselves in bidding wars with deep-pocketed international competitors. This limits the number of dogs we are able to purchase, and often has us losing out on higher-quality dogs, which are either retained by their European home countries or sold to a higher bidder.
To make things even tougher, not every dog purchased overseas by the U.S. government is cut out for a career in law enforcement. Successful working dogs need to have the right combination of sociability, temperament, and work ethic, while also passing strict medical examinations and training protocols. A significant number of imported dogs wash out of training and cannot be deployed for their original purpose. This puts further pressure on supply and our ability to keep our public safe.
High-quality American dog breeders want, and should be able, to step in to meet this demand. Americans have the scientific expertise in genetics, genomics, animal husbandry, training, and animal care to make this happen, but bureaucratic hurdles and an often-arcane government contracting process are preventing them from doing so.
Most American breeders are small-time operations, which put them at a disadvantage when applying for government contracts, which usually favor large breeders with more dogs to offer. As small businesses, most American breeders are not experienced in the federal procurement process, which keeps many from even trying to supply the government with dogs.
The U.S. government also engages in practices that work against American breeders. For example, the government usually will not purchase dogs that are younger than nine months; most American breeders are not equipped to house a dog past 12 weeks. For most small breeders, this makes the costs of dealing with the government prohibitive.
These issues require a legislative solution, and Congress has taken important action to fix this problem. In the House, Rep. Mike RogersMichael (Mike) Dennis RogersMoving beyond the era of American exceptionalism Biden administration resists tougher Russia sanctions in Congress Senior-level engagement with Russia is good — if it's realistic MORE (R-Ala.) has taken the lead with the Domestic Explosives Detection Canine Capacity Building Act. It requires that the TSA establish a public-private working group bringing together top experts in animal science, husbandry, training and detection operations to develop non-governmental breeding networks for explosives detection dogs. The working group will also establish a set of clear medical, behavioral and training standards for breeders to adhere to.
The Senate Commerce Committee, led by Chairman John ThuneJohn Randolph ThuneThe Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Facebook - Congress avoids shutdown Senate dodges initial December crisis with last-minute deal Congress averts shutdown after vaccine mandate fight MORE (R-S.D.), Ranking Member Bill NelsonClarence (Bill) William NelsonNASA spacewalk delayed due to debris threat This Thanksgiving, skip the political food fights and talk UFOs instead Two trajectories to Mars by the 2030s MORE (D-Fla.) and Aviation Subcommittee Chairman Roy BluntRoy Dean BluntSenate leaders face pushback on tying debt fight to defense bill Senate eyes plan B amid defense bill standoff The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Facebook - Biden talks up bright side beneath omicron's cloud MORE (R-Mo.,) and Ranking Member Maria CantwellMaria Elaine CantwellReal relief from high gas prices GOP resistance to Biden FCC nominee could endanger board's Democratic majority Scott says he will block nominees until Biden officials testify on supply chain crisis MORE (D-Wash.), has also taken steps to solve this issue, incorporating these requirements into the FAA reauthorization bill. When signed into law, it will bring with it a major improvement in airport security.
The inclusion of the Domestic Explosives Detection Canine Capacity Building Act in the FAA reauthorization bill will help bring high quality U.S. dog breeders into the government’s process for procuring working dogs, as well as making that process more open and transparent. We commend Congress for taking bipartisan, commonsense steps to protect our public spaces.
Sheila Goffe is Vice President of Government Relations for the American Kennel Club.