Labor wish list bills bring progressive platform into view
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Jockeying for inclusion in the Democrats’ 2020 platform is now starting and the early betting is that it will feature radical labor reforms prominently.

In early May, Sen. Bernie SandersBernard (Bernie) SandersCory Booker has a problem in 2020: Kamala Harris Wage growth shaping up as key 2020 factor for Trump Booker to supporter who wanted him to punch Trump: 'Black guys like us, we don't get away with that' MORE (I-Vt.) introduced the Workplace Democracy Act (WDA, S. 2810), a sweeping piece of legislation that would marry failed union proposals from the early days of the Obama administration with a host of radical new ideas. Then, barely a month later, an even more dramatic bill, the Workers’ Freedom to Negotiate Act (WFNA) (S.3064/ H.R. 6080), was introduced, spearheaded by Senate Minority Leader Charles SchumerCharles (Chuck) Ellis SchumerHillicon Valley: House Dems subpoena full Mueller report | DOJ pushes back at 'premature' subpoena | Dems reject offer to view report with fewer redactions | Trump camp runs Facebook ads about Mueller report | Uber gets B for self-driving cars Dem legal analyst says media 'overplayed' hand in Mueller coverage Former FBI official praises Barr for 'professional' press conference MORE (D-N.Y.) and House Minority Leader Nancy PelosiNancy Patricia D'Alesandro PelosiSenate Republicans tested on Trump support after Mueller End of Mueller shifts focus to existing probes Democrats renew attacks on Trump attorney general MORE (D-Calif.).

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Ironically, for a bill with the word “democracy” in its title, the WDA brings back an extremely undemocratic concept—eliminating the opportunity for employees to vote through a secret ballot on whether they will have a union. Instead, it would force employers to recognize a union via the widely discredited card check process, which relies on intimidating and deceptive tactics. The card check process was so outside of the mainstream that legislation built around it failed even when Democrats had strong majorities in Congress and a sympathetic president in 2009. The WFNA is even less democratic. It allows the government to demand a company recognize a union, even if the majority of employees voted against unionization. All that’s needed is a charge from the union showing the employer “interfered” in the election—a loose term that could mean as little as having a poorly worded clause in an employee handbook.

Likewise, both bills actually take away workers’ freedom to negotiate a contract. Instead, they include a binding arbitration provision that would authorize government officials to impose first contracts on workers and employers, whether they like it or not.

More disturbingly, both bills would effectively repeal the Taft-Hartley Act—labor law reforms enacted in 1947 to rein in some of the most abusive union organizing tactics of that era. For example, the bills would allow unions to once again engage in secondary boycotts and picketing, meaning that they can go after any employer doing business with a targeted company even if those employers had nothing to do with the union. This is a recipe for disrupting entire segments of the economy.

Another key provision of the Taft-Hartley Act allowed states to pass right-to-work laws, meaning that workers could no longer be fired for not paying union dues. Twenty-eight states have enacted right-to-work laws, including some with high union density such as Michigan, Nevada and Wisconsin. Both bills go after this provision—the WDA through a frontal assault by simply invalidating state laws, and the WFNA through mandating that employees pay the union regardless of whether the state has a right-to-work law.

Moreover, both bills would enshrine the National Labor Relations Board’s unworkable Browning-Ferris decision, which created joint-employer liability under the National Labor Relations Act based on mere “indirect” or “potential” control of another company’s employees. Under this expansive standard, almost any contractual relationship, particularly with regard to franchising, opens up the possibility of holding employers liable for workplaces they neither own nor manage.

Both bills also include language that would codify into federal law a strict new definition of independent contractor recently imposed in California by the state Supreme Court. This restrictive definition threatens to make using or operating as an independent contractor extremely difficult. It would hit the tech sector, start-ups, and “gig” economy companies especially hard, not to mention the millions of individuals who value the independence and flexibility of working as independent contractors.

The WFNA adds several more provisions that make it a smorgasbord of unfair labor policy. Among these are: eliminating employers’ legal rights during union elections; allowing bureaucrats to debar government contractors based on mere allegations of a labor law violation; and reinstating the “persuader” rule, which was intended to deprive employers of legal representation during union campaigns, that a court found “defective to its core.”

Given the radical nature of the WDA and WFNA, it is should be surprising to see the co-sponsors of both bills include potential presidential hopefuls and even includes two senators from right-to-work states, Sens. Tammy BaldwinTammy Suzanne BaldwinOnly four Dem senators have endorsed 2020 candidates Democratic proposals to overhaul health care: A 2020 primer More than 30 Senate Dems ask Trump to reconsider Central American aid cuts MORE (D-Wis.) and Debbie StabenowDeborah (Debbie) Ann StabenowDemocratic proposals to overhaul health care: A 2020 primer We can accelerate a cure for Alzheimer's Bipartisan senators offer bill to expand electric vehicle tax credit MORE (D-Mich.).

While these bills will not move in the current Congress, the list of co-sponsors suggests that aspiring candidates see supporting them as necessary to succeed in the Democratic presidential primaries. Thus, they will have a shelf life that goes beyond 2018. To ensure that they stay on the shelf, or better yet end up in the dustbin, lawmakers who care about preserving balance in labor law should object to them now.

Marc Freedman is vice president of workplace policy at the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.