Farm bill negotiators should take advantage of the moment
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Farming isn’t for the faint of heart. No matter how hard you work or how much you plan, sometimes you come up short. Bad weather, natural disasters and fluctuating market prices are beyond the control of farmers and those in the agricultural business. Those unforeseen challenges endanger their bottom lines.

President TrumpDonald John TrumpDeWine tests negative for coronavirus a second time Several GOP lawmakers express concern over Trump executive orders Beirut aftermath poses test for US aid to frustrating ally MORE’s ability to finalize a new trade deal with Canada and Mexico will go a long way in providing increased certainty for rural America. For months, I’ve been saying farmers want trade, not aid. This newly negotiated deal will provide farmers with the markets they need.


With lingering tariffs on Chinese and European markets, and the constant threat of natural disasters, there’s also a great need for an improved farm bill.

Right now, the 2018 farm bill is at a standstill in conference committee. I’m not a negotiating member on the legislation, but I’m in regular contact with my colleagues who are. What I’m hearing about the bill’s progress is troubling, to say the least.

The purpose of the farm bill is to provide farmers with a safety net during unforeseeable events. It sets our nation’s food policy and helps ensure food security in the United States. The purpose is not to give unlimited subsidies to people who don’t need them, yet that seems to be one of the barriers preventing the 2018 farm bill from passing out of conference committee.

Special interest groups working on behalf of certain agriculture commodities have been wildly successful in their lobbying efforts to maintain egregious loopholes that allow the wealthiest farmers, and non-farmers, to receive unlimited farm subsidies. Some negotiators appear unwilling to stand up against these interests and compromise in good faith with American taxpayers and the needs of young and beginning farmers in mind.

Farm bill conferees shouldn’t maintain the status quo of allowing multi-million dollar farming entities to take advantage of existing legislative loopholes that hamstring the next generation of American farmers, such as the ‘actively engaged’ loophole.

My payment limit amendment, which passed with broad support in the Senate farm bill, would close the ‘actively engaged’ loophole that allows people who don’t work on farms to get substantial subsidies at taxpayers’ expense. Currently, this loophole pays out approximately $2.7 billion to more than 95,000 entities according to a 2018 payment report from the U.S. Government Accountability Office. Each person who qualifies as actively engaged can get up to $125,000 per year in farm subsidies. If they are married, their spouse automatically becomes eligible for $125,000 as well.

There’s bipartisan agreement that the food-stamp program could be reformed in a few areas and helping Americans move into the workforce and up the economic ladder should be the goal of all anti-poverty programs. However, how can anyone reconcile tightening eligibility for food stamps for the less fortunate while turning a blind eye to the loopholes that millionaires exploit.

The farm and nutrition bill is important policy for many people, but why should staunch supporters of food stamps accept less if millionaire farmers get to keep their golden goose from taxpayers? We ought to apply scrutiny and end abuses and excesses in all programs. The nation’s $21 trillion debt isn’t getting any smaller.

I recently sent a bipartisan, bicameral letter with Sen. Dick DurbinRichard (Dick) Joseph DurbinSunday shows preview: White House, congressional Democrats unable to breach stalemate over coronavirus relief On The Money: Pessimism grows as coronavirus talks go down to the wire | Jobs report poised to light fire under COVID-19 talks | Tax preparers warn unemployment recipients could owe IRS Pessimism grows as coronavirus talks go down to the wire MORE (D-Ill.) and Reps. Mark MeadowsMark Randall MeadowsPelosi, Schumer slam Trump executive orders, call for GOP to come back to negotiating table Graham says he appreciates Trump orders, but 'would much prefer a congressional agreement' Trump signs executive orders after coronavirus relief talks falter MORE (R-N.C.) and Ron KindRonald (Ron) James KindDemocrats exit briefing saying they fear elections under foreign threat Bottom line Coronavirus culture war over reopening economy hits Capitol Hill MORE (D-Wis.) to Agriculture Committee leaders from the House and Senate. The letter urged them to maintain the payment limit provisions passed by the Senate earlier this year. This commonsense reform has overwhelming bipartisan and bicameral support. It helps young and beginning farmers while being respectful of taxpayer dollars. There’s no reason to drop it from the final 2018 farm bill other than to satisfy the desires of some commodity groups looking to enhance their own bottom lines at the expense of hardworking farmers and middle-class families.

The farm bill is an $860 billion spending bill that impacts every single American. Congress should not be in the business of picking winners and losers, especially if winners are determined by who can afford highly paid lobbyists to advocate on their behalf to politicians in positions of power and influence.

I urge my colleagues on the conference committee to keep the purpose of the farm bill at the forefront of their decision-making and to close current farm bill loopholes that cripple young, beginning and small farmers while rewarding those who don’t need assistance.

Grassley is the senior senator from Iowa and is a member of the Agriculture Committee.