Advancements in technology and a globalizing economy have brought us more than just an iPhone 7. In the last several decades, the labor market has experienced a dramatic shift and America has failed to adapt accordingly, leading to an economically-devastating skilled worker shortage. Due to a misguided education system and public misperceptions, the labor market’s unprecedented need for highly-skilled workers in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields is not being fulfilled and American manufacturing is suffering.
The U.S. Senate’s decision to delay action on legislation already passed by the House to modernize and reauthorize funding for the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act will only amplify the economic and workforce problems our nation is facing. The fact is, the longer it takes to resolve this issue, the more manufacturing companies across the country will pay the price.
For over 30 years, the Perkins Act has supported the transformation of the American workforce through career and technical education (CTE) programs emphasizing STEM competency at high school and postsecondary institutions. However, despite the important work that the Perkins Act has carried out, existing legislation isn’t enough to solve America’s skills gap. In fact, an analysis of labor statistics data shows that it’s still growing: by 2025, Deloitte estimates that there will be two million unfilled jobs in the manufacturing industry alone. Studies from CareerBuilder and the Manufacturing Institute demonstrate that companies lose an average of $14,000 for every unfilled manufacturing position, or an average loss of 11 percent of each manufacturer’s annual earnings due to the talent shortage. With facts such as these we have to ask ourselves: who will fill these jobs, our children’s children?
CTE is about more than just sustaining the American economy – it’s also crucial to supporting the economies of the American people. A worker with a technical mind but no access to career training or STEM education is not only a loss to the economy, moreover it is also a loss to the worker and their family. A worker who may lose out on higher wages and a more comfortable lifestyle or sustainable career. In fact, the National Association of Manufacturers notes that the average American manufacturing worker earns 20 percent more income than workers in other industries.
Despite this, both the misconception of CTE as less-prestigious than a four-year degree and the lack of STEM proficiency and skills competency among workers have significantly hindered the growth and fulfillment of the American manufacturing workforce. A Change the Equation analysis shows that not only did open positions for STEM careers outnumber the unemployed by nearly 2-to-1 between 2009 and 2012, but also predicted that STEM employment will continue to grow at a faster pace than overall employment rates. However, the 2013 STEM Connector report shows that even though student interest in a STEM career has risen over the last ten years, this interest diminishes for three out of five high school graduates throughout their education. Furthermore, a Wall Street Journal report found that comprehensive apprenticeship programs, a time-tested worker-training strategy that benefits all parties involved, fell 40 percent between 2003 and 2013.
With these statistics indicating a less employable and skilled workforce, recent policy initiatives and statements of support have finally begun to reframe CTE as so many know it: an accessible stepping stone to a high-tech, in-demand, and lucrative career.
CTE is one of the few issues on which both parties agree; Hillary ClintonHillary Diane Rodham ClintonPoll: Trump leads 2024 Republican field with DeSantis in distant second The politics of 'mind control' No Hillary — the 'Third Way' is the wrong way MORE, the 2016 Democratic presidential candidate, has made support for skilled trade training and apprenticeships a prominent theme in her campaign, accurately touting it as a solution to many of America’s personal and economic woes. Additionally, House Speaker Paul RyanPaul Davis RyanHow Kevin McCarthy sold his soul to Donald Trump On The Trail: Retirements offer window into House Democratic mood Stopping the next insurrection MORE’s “A Better Way” initiative policy outline for the House of Representatives has led to the formation of the Task Force on Poverty, Opportunity, and Upward Mobility. This task force has championed CTE as a way to reduce poverty and has notably received the support of Republican vice presidential candidate, Mike PenceMichael (Mike) Richard PenceBipartisan Senate group discusses changes to election law Poll: Trump leads 2024 Republican field with DeSantis in distant second Are the legal walls closing in on Donald Trump? MORE.
As this vital piece of legislation waits to be paid its due attention, we need to think about the needs of our communities and our people. In our search for a higher and more sustainable standard of living, accessible education, and a healthier, more forward-thinking economy, it is essential that career and technical education becomes a priority. Not next month, not next session, but today – in order to secure America’s future and build a strong people and a strong economy.
Vice Chair of the Society of Maintenance and Reliability Professionals (SMRP), Larry Hoing is a STEM professional who recruits and mentors CTE program graduates and serves as a leader of a professional society comprised of over 5,000 members, representing an industry reliant on America’s ability to deliver highly skilled workers.
The views expressed by authors are their own and not the views of The Hill.