By 9 p.m., the House had spent a considerable amount of time debating the cotton payments, which were agreed to by the Obama administration as part of a settlement in a WTO dispute that ruled against the U.S. cotton program. Several members on both sides, such as Reps. Jeff FlakeJeffrey (Jeff) Lane FlakeCruz to get Nord Stream 2 vote as part of deal on Biden nominees Democrats threaten to play hardball over Cruz's blockade Rubio vows to slow-walk Biden's China, Spain ambassador nominees MORE (R-Ariz.) and Peter DeFazio (D-Ore.) bristled at the idea of paying so much to Brazil in the context of spending cuts in the U.S., although others noted that the payments will likely remain in place until the 2012 farm bill.

Members will vote Thursday on an amendment from Rep. Ron KindRonald (Ron) James KindRedistricting reform key to achieving the bipartisanship Americans claim to want Democrats confront rising retirements as difficult year ends Members of Congress not running for reelection in 2022 MORE (D-Wis.) that would end these payments to Brazil.

Elsewhere, members approved an amendment from Rep. Don YoungDonald (Don) Edwin YoungWest Virginia lawmaker slams GOP colleague over support for infrastructure law Congress to take up marijuana reform this spring Thanks to President Biden, infrastructure is bipartisan again — it needs to stay that way MORE (R-Alaska) that would prevent the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) from approving genetically modified salmon. And they approved language from Rep. Ed Royce (R-Calif.) that would prohibit Food for Peace assistance to North Korea.

Members sparred over the "know your farmer, know your food" program. Rep. Chellie Pingree (D-Maine) proposed language that would block a demand in the bill that USDA must inform Congress when it travels as part of this nutrition awareness program.

In contrast, Rep. Virginia FoxxVirginia Ann FoxxFiscal conservatives should support postal reform  House Ethics panel dismisses security screening fine issued to GOP lawmaker GOP beginning to jockey for post-election leadership slots MORE (R-NC) proposed an amendment that would prohibit any spending on the program. Both amendments are expected to come up for a vote Thursday.