By 9 p.m., the House had spent a considerable amount of time debating the cotton payments, which were agreed to by the Obama administration as part of a settlement in a WTO dispute that ruled against the U.S. cotton program. Several members on both sides, such as Reps. Jeff FlakeJeffrey (Jeff) Lane FlakeTrump suggests Heller lost reelection bid because he was 'hostile' during 2016 presidential campaign Live coverage: Trump delivers State of the Union Sasse’s jabs at Trump spark talk of primary challenger MORE (R-Ariz.) and Peter DeFazio (D-Ore.) bristled at the idea of paying so much to Brazil in the context of spending cuts in the U.S., although others noted that the payments will likely remain in place until the 2012 farm bill.

Members will vote Thursday on an amendment from Rep. Ron KindRonald (Ron) James KindSteel lobby's PR blitz can't paper over damaging effects of tariffs Congress should stop tariff power grab, bring balance to US trade policy Ocasio-Cortez sparks debate with talk of 70 percent marginal rate MORE (D-Wis.) that would end these payments to Brazil.

Elsewhere, members approved an amendment from Rep. Don YoungDonald (Don) Edwin YoungThe Hill's 12:30 Report: Sanders set to shake up 2020 race House Dems release 2020 GOP 'retirements to watch' for Live coverage: House elects new Speaker as Dems take charge MORE (R-Alaska) that would prevent the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) from approving genetically modified salmon. And they approved language from Rep. Ed Royce (R-Calif.) that would prohibit Food for Peace assistance to North Korea.

Members sparred over the "know your farmer, know your food" program. Rep. Chellie Pingree (D-Maine) proposed language that would block a demand in the bill that USDA must inform Congress when it travels as part of this nutrition awareness program.

In contrast, Rep. Virginia FoxxVirginia Ann FoxxBlack Caucus sees power grow with new Democratic majority A 2 billion challenge: Transforming US grant reporting Trump calls North Carolina redistricting ruling ‘unfair’ MORE (R-NC) proposed an amendment that would prohibit any spending on the program. Both amendments are expected to come up for a vote Thursday.