This week: House turns to school safety after Florida shooting
© Greg Nash

House lawmakers are preparing to take Congress’s first legislative step on measures responding to last month’s shooting in Parkland, Fla., which reignited the nation’s debate over gun control.

House GOP leadership said they will bring a school safety bill up for a vote this week as part of their response to the Valentine’s Day shooting, where 17 people were killed.

The bill authorizes federal funding for prevention programs designed to educate students and adults about how to spot and report warning signs of gun violence.

“We will have that bill up on the floor next week. That will add to …  the Fix NICS (National Instant Background Check System) bill that we have sitting over in the Senate, we'll also have the FBI up here talking to [the House] Oversight [and Government Reform Committee] and Judiciary [Committee] on where the failures happened and why, to make sure we can have those corrections, so that it could never repeat itself again,” Rep. Kevin McCarthyKevin Owen McCarthyMcCarthy: 'Case is closed' on Trump and collusion House leaders need to modernize Congress for the sake of America Overnight Energy: McConnell tees up vote on Green New Deal | Centrist Dems pitch alternative to plan | House Republican likens Green New Deal to genocide | Coca-Cola reveals it uses 3M tons of plastic every year MORE (R-Calif.), the House majority whip, told reporters.

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But the bill doesn’t include any new gun control measures, such as raising the minimum age to buy a rifle or expanding background checks.  

That makes it unlikely to satisfy gun control advocates, or Democrats, who have demanded Congress pass new gun reform legislation following the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School shooting.

The Senate Judiciary Committee is also expected to probe the shooting as part of its oversight work.

The hearing, entitled, “See Something, Say Something: Oversight of the Parkland Shooting and Legislative Proposals to Improve School Safety,” is scheduled for Wednesday.

“This committee has an important oversight role to play. The great tragedy of the Parkland shooting is that it was preventable. The FBI and local law enforcement failed to act on credible tips that should have neutralized the killer and gotten him help,” Sen. Chuck GrassleyCharles (Chuck) Ernest GrassleyTreasury expands penalty relief to more taxpayers Overnight Health Care: Senators seek CBO input on preventing surprise medical bills | Oversight panel seeks OxyContin documents | Pharmacy middlemen to testify on prices | Watchdog warns air ambulances can put patients at 'financial risk' Drug prices are a matter of life and death MORE (R-Iowa) said when he announced the hearing.

But it remains unclear when, or if, the Senate will take up legislation.

Though lawmakers have introduced a flurry of new proposals, the debate in the chamber remains stalemated.

Senate Majority Whip John CornynJohn CornynConservatives wage assault on Mueller report Senate GOP poised to go 'nuclear' on Trump picks GOP rep to introduce constitutional amendment to limit Supreme Court seats to 9 MORE's (R-Texas) office noted late last week that his legislation with Sen. Chris MurphyChristopher (Chris) Scott MurphyFather of Sandy Hook victim dies in apparent suicide Sanders: 'We must follow New Zealand's lead' and ban assault weapons The fear of colorectal cancer as a springboard for change MORE (D-Conn.) to bolster the background check records system picked up six more co-sponsors, bringing the total number of supporters to 62.

The legislation reinforces existing laws by ensuring that authorities report criminal records to the system and penalizing agencies that don't.

The boost in support puts it just over the 60 votes needed to break a filibuster, a key procedural hurdle, and gives it enough support to potentially be passed by the Senate.

A scheduling update sent last week by Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) that outlined what else the chamber will tackle before recess did not mention the background check legislation.

That could kick any possible gun-related action into April. Congress is expected to return to Washington on April 9 after a two-week recess expected to start on March 23.

Senate Minority Leader Charles SchumerCharles (Chuck) Ellis Schumer4 in 5 Americans say they support net neutrality: poll GOP senator: Trump's criticism of McCain 'deplorable' Schumer to introduce bill naming Senate office building after McCain amid Trump uproar MORE (D-N.Y.) indicated last week that Democrats would wait until after a March 24 gun control rally to try to force a gun control debate on the Senate floor.

"There will be huge rallies and demonstrations on the 24th. They expect millions of people to come to Washington ... and we will try to force floor action after that rally, when our Republican friends see they are just against the nation," Schumer told reporters on Tuesday.

Schumer didn't specify at the time what actions Democrats will attempt to take.

But a spokesman pointed to his floor comments, where the Democratic leader urged the Senate to have a larger debate that addressed requiring background checks for guns sold over the internet and at gun shows, allowing court orders to temporarily block someone deemed dangerous from getting a gun, and a ban on assault weapons.

Banking reform

The Senate is expected to wrap up its work on legislation reforming the 2010 Dodd-Frank financial reform law after a fight over amendments stalled the bill.

The bill will provide smaller institutions and community banks relief from regulations and rules established under Dodd-Frank, which they argue made them less competitive.

The bill raises the threshold at which a bank is deemed big enough to warrant tighter oversight from $50 billion to $250 billion, exempting dozens of regional banks from stringent rules.  

Banks with less than $250 billion that aren't otherwise targeted by the Federal Reserve would no longer be subject to yearly stress tests or higher capital requirements. Those banks will also be freed from the requirement to submit a yearly plan on how they would break apart, in the event of a failure, without triggering a credit crisis.

The financial legislation brings Congress another step closer to passing its first rewrite of the Dodd-Frank legislation since it was enacted nearly eight years ago.

Though the bill is expected to clear the Senate, wrapping up the chamber’s work could eat up most of the week.

McConnell has set up an initial procedural vote for Monday evening. A vote to end debate on the overall legislation could happen as soon as Tuesday, though lawmakers might delay it into Wednesday. After that they could be forced to run through 30 more hours before a final vote to pass the bill.

It remains unclear if House Republicans will accept the Senate bill as is or try to force changes — a move that could cost it support among Senate Democrats.

“We have had conversations with members of the House. … [But] we'll simply have to wait until we move further forward in the process to know the answers to what we can get done there,” Sen. Mike CrapoMichael (Mike) Dean CrapoThis week: Congress set for next stage of Mueller probe fight On The Money: Trump reverses North Korea sanctions imposed by Treasury | Trump to nominate Stephen Moore to Fed | Monthly deficit hits record 4 billion | IRS expands penalty relief for taxpayers Senate confirms Trump court pick despite missing two 'blue slips' MORE (R-Idaho) told reporters.

The legislation divides Democrats, with progressives arguing it goes too far to deregulate larger financial institutions.

“Senate Republicans voted unanimously for the #BankLobbyistAct. But this bill wouldn’t be on the path to becoming law without the support of these Democrats,” Sen. Elizabeth WarrenElizabeth Ann WarrenJam-packed primary poses a serious threat to Democrats in 2020 Pence hits 2020 Dems for skipping AIPAC Poll: Biden, Sanders lead Trump in Iowa MORE (D-Mass.) said after an initial vote late last week.

Government funding

The House could move a mammoth government funding bill as soon as this week as lawmakers try to avoid a third shutdown this year.

Lawmakers have less than two weeks to meet the March 23 deadline and prevent another partial closure.

While Congress normally takes the funding fights down to the wire, a GOP lawmaker told The Hill that the bill could get a vote in the House this week in an effort to “beat the shutdown clock.”

Sen. Rand PaulRandal (Rand) Howard PaulHillicon Valley: Mueller delivers report, ending investigation | FEMA exposed info of 2.3M disaster survivors | Facebook asks judge to toss DC privacy lawsuit | Trump picks his first CTO | FCC settles lawsuit over net neutrality records Transparency advocate says government agencies face 'use it or lose it' spending Republicans need solutions on environment too MORE (R-Ky.) was able to force a brief, hours-long closure last month by dragging out the Senate’s rulebook. Under Senate rules, leadership needs the consent of every lawmaker in order to speed up votes and skip over procedural hurdles.

Lawmakers are still crafting the bill, which will be hundreds of pages long. Any last-minute fights over “poison pill” riders — policy provisions viewed as non-starters by one side of the aisle — could delay the bill.

Rep. Steny HoyerSteny Hamilton HoyerIlhan Omar tells Muslim group to 'raise hell' over discrimination This week: Congress set for next stage of Mueller probe fight Hoyer defends Israel in veiled shot at Omar MORE (Md.), the Democratic whip, urged Republicans to put together a bill that could get wide bipartisan support.

Democrats are signaling they are willing to leave two of their biggest priorities — gun control and a solution for protecting immigrants brought to the U.S. illegally as children — out of the funding legislation.

But lawmakers will need to navigate around the White House’s opposition to including money in the bill for a rail and tunnel project in the Northeast.

The White House is unofficially threatening to veto the massive funding bill if money is included for the project, considered a top priority for New York and New Jersey-area lawmakers like Senate Minority Leader Charles Schumer (D-N.Y.) and House Appropriations Committee Chairman Rodney Frelinghuysen (R-N.J.).

“The administration has been very clear that we don’t think this is an efficient use of taxpayer dollars,” a senior administration official said in a statement. “Any official position on the legislation would be issued through a Statement of Administration Policy.”

Sex trafficking

The Senate could take up legislation making it easier for internet platforms to be held liable for content posted on their platforms as soon as this week. The bill would let state attorneys general prosecute the sites for violating federal sex trafficking laws.

A notice from McConnell’s office detailing what is on the chamber’s agenda before a two-week recess pointed to the bill to combat online sex trafficking, as well as the government funding legislation.

A group of internet companies is urging last-minute changes to the bill over concern that the legislation will hurt their online platforms.

"We are eager to work with the Senate to improve the bill, particularly to make it feasible for smaller companies to implement," the letter from tech companies including Twitter and Yelp reads.