This week: Senate tries to wrap up before brief break
© Greg Nash

Senators are racing to finish up a slate of legislation before heading out of town for a brief August recess. 

The Senate is poised to wrap up work on two must-pass bills, pass another government funding package, confirm Trump’s 24th appeals court judge and go to conference with the House before leaving Washington for a week.

With the House out of session until September, the Senate is the only chamber in town this week.

Unlike the House, senators are scheduled to leave at the end of the week to take a brief one-week summer recess, Aug. 6-10, after Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellKey GOP senators appear cool to Kavanaugh accuser's demand Trump hints at new executive action on immigration, wants filibuster-proof Senate majority The Hill's Morning Report — Sponsored by United Against Nuclear Iran — The Hill interviews President Trump MORE (R-Ky.) canceled most of the break earlier this year.

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And for senators hoping that they could end up getting back some of their traditional summer vacation at the end of the month, GOP leadership has a warning: Don’t get your hopes up.

“We're not taking an August recess this year. We have a lot of work to do and we’re going to work right through the summer,” McConnell told a local Kentucky radio station late last week.

Sen. John CornynJohn CornynKey GOP senators appear cool to Kavanaugh accuser's demand Trump, GOP regain edge in Kavanaugh battle GOP mulls having outside counsel question Kavanaugh, Ford MORE (R-Texas), McConnell’s No. 2, separately told reporters that McConnell is “deadly serious” about keeping the Senate in session throughout August.

Republicans argue the schedule change will let them catch up on confirming President TrumpDonald John TrumpLondon terror suspect’s children told authorities he complained about Trump: inquiry The Memo: Tide turns on Kavanaugh Trump to nominate retiring lawmaker as head of trade agency MORE’s nominees and passing smaller government funding packages ahead of the Sept. 30 deadline to avoid the third shutdown of the year. But it also pays political dividends for Republicans by keeping a slate of vulnerable red-state Democrats in Washington during the week and off the campaign trail.

Appropriations

The Senate is poised to wrap up its second government funding package this week.

The House passed its version of the legislation — which includes Financial Services, Interior, Environment and related agencies like the Environmental Protection Agency — earlier this month. The $58.7 billion legislation included language to block D.C. from implementing its own individual mandate on health insurance after 2019.

Senators are adding funding for Agriculture, Transportation and Housing and Urban Development into the bill.

They’re then expected to turn to funding the Pentagon and the Department of Health and Human Services. The two bills are considered a lightning rod for controversial amendments, with Democrats usually skeptical of clearing money for the Defense Department without an equal amount of domestic spending already approved.

But senators are weighing merging the two funding bills into one package on the Senate floor.

"We hope to tie them together, marry them," said Sen. Richard ShelbyRichard Craig ShelbyCongress reaches deal to fund government through Dec. 7, preventing shutdown Senate approves first 2019 spending package GOP shrugs off Trump shutdown threat MORE (R-Ala.), the chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee. "Let's see how the marriage works."

Congress has until Oct. 1 to pass all 12 appropriations bills, iron out the differences and send them to the president’s desk for signature.

Flood insurance

The Senate will take up legislation extending funding the National Flood Insurance Program through November before they leave Washington for a week.

The program is currently set to expire at the end of July.

The House passed the short-term extension before leaving for September and the short-term patch gives lawmakers additional time to work out a long-term bill to reform the program that can clear both chambers.

In the wake of significant damage caused by hurricanes and flooding in recent years, the program was in debt by roughly $30 billion as of last fall, according to the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office.

Conservatives have balked at passing a so-called clean extension of the program because it’s currently in debt.

“After burning the mid-day oil for two and a half a week for a few months, decide together that a dysfunctional program $20 billion in debt is, in fact, perfect. And so we're planning to rubber stamp a continuation of its dysfunctional status quo,” GOP Sen. Mike LeeMichael (Mike) Shumway LeeUtah group complains Mia Love should face criminal penalties for improper fundraising Senate approves 4B spending bill Overnight Health Care: Opioid legislation passes overwhelmingly | DOJ backs Cigna-Express Scripts merger | Senate passes ban on pharmacy gag clauses MORE (Utah) said from the Senate floor last week.

Lee tried to pass legislation from GOP Sen. John KennedyJohn Neely KennedyMORE (La.) to extend the flood insurance program through January but Lee wanted to add a $2.5 million cap on flood insurance, and Kennedy objected.

Kennedy separately warned that it would be “down-to-the-marrow stupid” to let the program expire.

"I've done everything I can to try to convince them, including but not limited to kissing a part of their anatomy. That's part of my job sometimes up here," Kennedy told Louisiana reporters last week. "I'm prepared to go over them if I can't go with them."

NDAA conference

The Senate is poised to send an annual defense policy bill to Trump’s desk this week.

The bill, the fiscal 2019 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), is named after Sen. John McCainJohn Sidney McCainTrump administration weakens methane pollution standards for drilling on public lands Another recession could hit US in 2019, says credit union association chief R-E-S-P-E-C-T: One legacy of Franklin and McCain is up to us MORE (R-Ariz.), the chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee who was diagnosed last year with brain cancer.

Negotiators rolled out the final version of the bill on Monday, after the House passed its initial version in May and the Senate passed its version in June.

The final version of the bill, which easily cleared the House last week, would authorize about $639 billion for the base budget of the Pentagon and defense programs of the Energy Department. It would also allow for another $69 billion for a war fund known as the Overseas Contingency Operations account.

Negotiators jettisoned Senate-passed language that would have blocked Trump’s deal to revive Chinese telecommunications giant ZTE from the final bill.

The Senate-passed bill would have kept tough penalties slapped on ZTE for violating Iran and North Korea sanctions in place, including blocking it from buying U.S technology.

But that language drew backlash from the White House and Trump’s top allies on Capitol Hill pledged they would water it down during the conference committee

Instead, the final NDAA blocks government agencies or contractors from using ZTE or Huawei technology, but would otherwise let them do business with U.S. companies.

Nominations

The Senate will keep clearing Trump’s judicial nominations before dispersing back to their home states.

Senators are scheduled to take an initial vote on Britt Grant’s nomination to be a judge for the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals on Monday at 5:30 p.m.

If he overcomes Monday’s vote, where he’ll need a simple majority of the Senate, lawmakers could take a final vote on his nomination as soon as Tuesday.

Brett Kavanaugh, Trump’s Supreme Court nominee, will keep making the rounds on Capitol Hill as he holds one-on-one meetings with senators.

Kavanaugh is poised to have his first known meeting with a Democratic senator on Monday when he sits down with Sen. Joe ManchinJoseph (Joe) ManchinThe Memo: Tide turns on Kavanaugh McCaskill to oppose Kavanaugh nomination The Memo: Kavanaugh firestorm consumes political world MORE (D-W.Va.), who is up for reelection in a state Trump carried by more than 40 percentage points in 2016.

Manchin was one of three Democratic senators, along with Sens. Joe DonnellyJoseph (Joe) Simon DonnellyThe Memo: Tide turns on Kavanaugh McCaskill to oppose Kavanaugh nomination The Memo: Kavanaugh firestorm consumes political world MORE (Ind.) and Heidi HeitkampMary (Heidi) Kathryn HeitkampThe Memo: Tide turns on Kavanaugh McCaskill to oppose Kavanaugh nomination Election Countdown: Trump confident about midterms in Hill.TV interview | Kavanaugh controversy tests candidates | Sanders, Warren ponder if both can run | Super PACs spending big | Two states open general election voting Friday | Latest Senate polls MORE (N.D.), who supported Neil Gorsuch, Trump’s first Supreme Court nominee.

Democratic senators aren’t able to block Kavanaugh’s nominee on their own after Republicans got rid of the 60-vote procedural hurdle on Supreme Court nominations last year. But Republicans are hoping he’ll pick up at least some Democratic support, which would allow them to call Kavanaugh bipartisan.

Farm bill

Though the vote isn’t formally scheduled yet, senators are expected to vote this week to go to conference on the farm bill.

The lower chamber on June 21 narrowly approved in a 213-211 vote a five-year farm bill that would impose new work requirements on people who receive food stamps. The Senate’s version, which includes language to legalize hemp as an agricultural commodity, easily passed in an 86-11 vote on June 28.

The main sticking point during conference is expected to be on the House’s welfare reform language.