Lawmakers are returning to Washington for the start of the 116th Congress with no end in sight to the partial government shutdown.

Though the new session doesn’t start until Thursday, the Senate is expected to return on Wednesday afternoon — the last day Republicans will control both chambers. The House has yet to flesh out any plans before Thursday, but outgoing GOP leadership is giving members 24 hours notice before any vote.

But with no signs of movement toward an agreement to fully reopen the government since Congress missed the Dec. 21 deadline, any progress is likely to wait until at least Thursday. Lawmakers and administration say they are not close to a deal that would fund roughly 25 percent of the federal government, including the Department of Homeland Security.

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Sen. Richard ShelbyRichard Craig ShelbySenators reach .5B deal on Trump's emergency border request Senators reach .5B deal on Trump's emergency border request Congressional leaders, White House officials to meet Wednesday on spending MORE (R-Ala.), the chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee, warned on Sunday that the partial shutdown “could last a long, long time” and that the negotiations are “at an impasse at the moment.”

“At the end of the day, all of this will end. We don't know when, in negotiations. It's not a question of who wins or loses. Nobody's going to win this kind of game. Nobody wins in a shutdown. We all lose and we kind of look silly,” Shelby told CBS’s “Face the Nation.”

The administration has tried to shift the blame to Democrats, including playing up the idea of a split between members of Democratic leadership. Trump, in a tweet over the weekend, said that he was in “White House waiting for the Democrats to come on over and make a deal on Border Security.”

But Trump — who said earlier this month that he would accept the “mantle” of a shutdown — also indicated late last week and over the weekend that Republicans were using the “hard way,” a shutdown, to try to get the wall funding, and that he believed the fight will benefit him in his 2020 campaign.

“For those that naively ask why didn’t the Republicans get approval to build the Wall over the last year, it is because IN THE SENATE WE NEED 10 DEMOCRAT VOTES, and they will gives us ‘NONE’ for Border Security! Now we have to do it the hard way, with a Shutdown. Too bad,” Trump said in a tweet on Saturday.

Trump separately said in a tweet late last week that Democrats “may have the 10 Senate votes, but we have the issue, Border Security. 2020!”

The crux of the entrenched stalemate on funding part of the government is money for Trump’s U.S.-Mexico border wall. Trump has demanded $5 billion for the wall, an amount approved by House Republicans earlier this month.

But that amount is dead on arrival in the Senate. Trump and Republicans will lose control a key source of leverage on Thursday when Democrats take back control of the House.

House Democrats will likely quickly take up a clean continuing resolution (CR) to reopen the government, as House Democratic Leader Nancy PelosiNancy PelosiPelosi slated to deliver remarks during panel hearing on poverty The DNC's climate problems run deep Cracks form in Democratic dam against impeachment MORE (Calif.) is expected to take back the Speaker's gavel.

Incoming Majority Whip James Clyburn (D-S.C.) is reportedly telling members that they are “expected to be present and voting” on Jan. 3 on government funding legislation. A spokesman for Pelosi pledged in a recent tweet that Democrats would “act swiftly to end the Trump Shutdown” and advocate for a policy that includes “strong and smart border security.”

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The floor drama will be the first chance for the new House majority to flex their political muscles after attempts by Democratic lawmakers to force votes on funding legislation that did not include funding for Trump’s border wall were blocked by GOP leadership over the holidays.

House Minority Whip Steny HoyerSteny Hamilton HoyerThe case for congressional pay raises Approve USMCA before it's too late Lawmakers push to permanently ban automatic pay raises for members of Congress MORE (D-Md.) noted that they tried to offer a Senate-passed stopgap bill to fund part of the government through Feb. 8 but were blocked, adding that Democrats had “already compromised” on the border.

“These are the Republican — they're in the majority — their bills and we're willing to vote to fund them at the Senate-passed bill levels … [Speaker] Paul RyanPaul Davis RyanPelosi slated to deliver remarks during panel hearing on poverty Indiana GOP Rep. Brooks says she won't seek reelection Indiana GOP Rep. Brooks says she won't seek reelection MORE [R-Wis.] refused to put it on the floor... [Republicans] have got a history of using the shutdown of government as a strategy to get what they want. We are fully prepared to support the bill that came over from the Senate," Hoyer said.

Passing either a short-term continuing resolution or a larger bill to fund the remaining 25 percent of the federal government through Sept. 30, the end of the 2019 fiscal year, would kick the fight back to the Senate.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellOvernight Defense: Shanahan exit shocks Washington | Pentagon left rudderless | Lawmakers want answers on Mideast troop deployment | Senate could vote on Saudi arms deal this week | Pompeo says Trump doesn't want war with Iran Senators reach .5B deal on Trump's emergency border request Senators reach .5B deal on Trump's emergency border request MORE (R-Ky.) has publicly taken a back seat in the shutdown fight, arguing in the wake of the partial closure that working out an agreement was between Trump, whose signature they need, and Democrats, whose votes are needed.

But if the House was able to pass a bill it would add new political pressure on McConnell, who has warned repeatedly against shutting down the government. But moving a bill that didn’t have Trump’s support would open up himself and other Republican senators to attacks from the mercurial president.

McConnell has hinted Trump’s support is needed for a vote in the Republican-controlled Senate. And GOP senators say they think it’s unlikely the chamber would move forward on a bill without the president, after Trump caught them flat-footed earlier this month when he rejected the Senate-passed CR.

“I think Sen. McConnell our leader has already addressed that. That said that he would not even take up the bill until he found some compromise that the president would agree to sign. So we're going to be at an impasse. That would be probably an empty gesture, but that goes on in Washington every day,” Shelby said, asked what would happen if the House passed the bill early next month.

Democrats have warned that $1.3 billion is their cap on negotiations and that it would go toward fencing, not a concrete wall. Outgoing White House chief of staff John KellyJohn Francis KellyMORE told the Los Angeles Times that the administration had moved away from the concept of a literal wall early in the Trump administration.

Speaker vote

Pelosi is expected to be voted in as the next Speaker on Thursday.

The California Democrat secured the 218 votes needed on the floor after striking a deal with a group of rebel Democrats — led by Reps. Seth MoultonSeth Wilbur MoultonBullock to participate in local town halls instead of Democratic debates Bullock to participate in local town halls instead of Democratic debates The Hill's 12:30 Report — Presented by MAPRx — Biden, Sanders to share stage at first DNC debate MORE (Mass.), Tim RyanTimothy (Tim) John Ryan2020 Democrat: Pelosi is 'juggling a caucus that's divided' 2020 Democrat: Pelosi is 'juggling a caucus that's divided' 2020 Democrat: Harriet Tubman will be on 'within the first year of my presidency' MORE (Ohio) and Kathleen RiceKathleen Maura RiceDemocrat offers measure to prevent lawmakers from sleeping in their offices Democrat offers measure to prevent lawmakers from sleeping in their offices Hillicon Valley: Pelosi blasts Facebook for not taking down doctored video | Democrats push election security after Mueller warning | Critics dismiss FCC report on broadband access | Uber to ban passengers with low ratings MORE (N.Y.), Ed PerlmutterEdwin (Ed) George PerlmutterColorado governor says he won't sign bill that aims to increase vaccination rates without key changes Congress can open financial institutions to legal cannabis industry with SAFE Banking Act 20 years after Columbine, Dems bullish on gun reform MORE (Colo.), Bill FosterGeorge (Bill) William FosterNew bill would restrict Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac from lobbying Pelosi joins other Dem leaders in support of Chicago Symphony Orchestra strikers This week: Shutdown showdown looms over new Congress MORE (Ill.) and Linda Sánchez (Calif.) — ensuring she would term-limit herself out of her leadership role. Under the deal Pelosi would step aside as Speaker by 2022.

Pelosi won the nomination for Speaker in caucus in late November in a 203-32 secret-ballot vote. The margin would have been enough to block her from becoming Speaker, but the House Democratic leader has worked furiously to lock down support, cut deals and pick off floated opponents.

Upwards of a dozen Democrats have vowed not to support Pelosi on the floor, including incoming freshman Reps. Max RoseMax RoseFreshman Democrats call on McConnell to hold vote on election reform bill Freshman Democrats call on McConnell to hold vote on election reform bill The Hill's Morning Report - 2020 Dems make last dash for debate stage MORE (N.Y.), Abigail SpanbergerAbigail Davis SpanbergerOvernight Defense: Trump doubles down on claim Iran attacked tankers | Iran calls accusations 'alarming' | Top nuke official quietly left Pentagon | Pelosi vows Congress will block Saudi arms sale Overnight Defense: Trump doubles down on claim Iran attacked tankers | Iran calls accusations 'alarming' | Top nuke official quietly left Pentagon | Pelosi vows Congress will block Saudi arms sale Pelosi: Congress will block Trump's arms sales to Saudi Arabia MORE (Va.), Joe CunninghamJoseph CunninghamEx-congressman launching PAC to defend Dem seats in 2020 Ex-congressman launching PAC to defend Dem seats in 2020 GOP leader, Ocasio-Cortez give boost to lawmaker pay hike MORE (S.C.) and Ben McAdams (Utah). Pelosi can afford to lose 17 votes on the floor.

New members sworn in

New members in both the House and Senate are slated to be sworn in on Jan. 3, eight in the Senate and 100 non-incumbent winners in the lower chamber. Sixty-three of the new House members are Democrats.

Senate Republicans, who are expanding their majority from 51 to 53 seats, will swear in six new members including former GOP presidential nominee Mitt RomneyWillard (Mitt) Mitt RomneyHarris hits Trump plan for mass deportations in Spanish-language response A health insurer takes on his own industry: Describe clearly what we favor, not attack what we oppose A health insurer takes on his own industry: Describe clearly what we favor, not attack what we oppose MORE and Rep. Martha McSallyMartha Elizabeth McSallyDemocrats' 2020 Achilles's heel: The Senate Democrats' 2020 Achilles's heel: The Senate Democratic challenger to Susan Collins announces Senate bid MORE (R-Ariz.), who lost her Senate bid in November but was appointed to the seat formerly held by Sen. John McCainJohn Sidney McCainThe DNC's climate problems run deep Trump's health care focus puts GOP on edge Trump's health care focus puts GOP on edge MORE (R-Ariz.). Florida Gov. Rick Scott (R) is delaying his swearing in until Friday.

Sens.-elect Jacky RosenJacklyn (Jacky) Sheryl RosenFemale senators hatch plan to 'shame' Senate into voting faster Female senators hatch plan to 'shame' Senate into voting faster Lawmakers introduce legislation to improve cyber workforce funding MORE (D-Nev.) and Kyrsten Sinema (D-Ariz.), who flipped seats previously held by Republicans, will also be sworn in.

Pelosi canceled her planned new member reception scheduled at the National Building Museum in the wake of the shutdown, Politico first reported.