This week: House Democrats poised to pass sweeping election reform bill
© Stefani Reynolds

House Democrats are poised to pass a sweeping electoral reform bill — a top policy priority that has emerged as a target for Senate Republicans.

The House is scheduled to vote on the legislation, known as H.R. 1, on Wednesday.

The legislation — spearheaded by John SarbanesJohn Peter Spyros SarbanesPelosi: Trump 'is engaged in a cover-up' Hillicon Valley: Instagram cracks down on anti-vaccine tags | Facebook co-founder on fallout from call to break up company | House Dems reintroduce election security bill | Lawmakers offer bill requiring cyber, IT training for House House Dems reintroduce bill to protect elections from cyberattacks MORE (D-Md.) with the support of Democratic 236 co-sponsors — aims to expand voting rights through provisions including the creation of automatic voter registration, increased election security by pushing back on foreign threats and making Election Day a national holiday for federal workers.

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Democrats unveiled the legislation on their first day back in control of the House, underscoring its importance to their agenda. Proponents of the bill argue it's necessary to crack down on corruption in upcoming elections.

“Our democracy faces threats from both the inside and outside,” Rep. Dean PhillipsDean PhillipsHouse Democrats press leaders to start Trump impeachment Dems eye big infrastructure package, with or without Trump House ethics panel renews probes into three GOP lawmakers MORE (D-Minn.) said in a statement. “Nowhere is that more apparent than in digital political communication and advertising. From dark money groups circumventing disclosure requirements, to foreign governments interfering in elections, it is time to update laws to protect our democracy.”

House Speaker Nancy PelosiNancy PelosiPelosi uses Trump to her advantage Fake Pelosi video sparks fears for campaigns Trump goes scorched earth against impeachment talk MORE (D-Calif.) added at the press conference announcing the bill that "restoring the people's’ faith in government is really our agenda."

The measure also aims to tackle campaign finance reform by overturning Citizens United, increasing transparency in campaign donations and prohibiting coordination between super PACs and candidates. Portions of the bill appear to be directed specifically at the administration, including a provision requiring the president and vice president to disclose a decade’s worth of their tax returns.

One of the more controversial provisions would create a 6-to-1 federal campaign match on small donations and has been met with strong pushback from Republicans, who argue taxpayer dollars should not be used for campaign purposes.

The GOP is expected to push back on the measure via a motion to recommit which would amend the measure at the eleventh hour on the floor.

“I mean that's such a dangerous bill that there are a lot of opportunities to showcase some of the radical elements like billions of dollars of taxpayer money going to political campaigns and some the voter fraud and things like harvesting provisional ballots are embraced by the Democrats even though they criticized it in North Carolina they embraced it in California,” House Minority Whip Steve ScaliseStephen (Steve) Joseph ScaliseSenate passes disaster aid bill after deal with Trump Amash storm hits Capitol Hill Trump hits Amash after congressman doubles down on impeachment talk MORE (R-La.) told The Hill.

The party has successfully utilized the procedural tool twice since losing the majority, forcing Democrats to take difficult votes. Pelosi has attempted to crack the whip on moderates from breaking with party lines after Republicans managed to make last-minute changes to a gun bill last week.

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Even if Democrats are able to successfully get the legislation through the House, it’s considered dead on arrival in the Republican-controlled Senate.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellThe Hill's 12:30 Report: Trump orders more troops to Mideast amid Iran tensions What if 2020 election is disputed? Immigration bills move forward amid political upheaval MORE (R-Ky.) has routinely used his daily speeches on the Senate floor to mock the legislation, which he’s nicknamed the “Democrat Politician Protection Act."

In one floor speech he called out a provision that would make Election Day a federal holiday.

“This is the Democrat plan to restore democracy? A brand-new week of paid vacation for every federal employee who would like to hover around while you cast your ballot?” McConnell asked from the Senate floor.

“Just what America needs, another paid holiday and a bunch of government workers being paid to go out and work for I assume ... our colleagues on the other side, on their campaigns,” McConnell added.

Emergency declaration

The Senate appears to have the votes to pass a resolution blocking Trump’s emergency declaration, after Sen. Rand PaulRandal (Rand) Howard PaulO'Rourke: Trump 'provoking' war with Iran by sending troops to Middle East Overnight Defense: 1,500 troops heading to Mideast to counter Iran | Trump cites Iran tensions to push through Saudi arms sale | Senate confirms Army, Navy chiefs before weeklong recess Trump to send 1,500 troops to Middle East to counter Iran MORE (R-Ky.) said he couldn’t support the president’s action.

Paul, speaking at a Republican dinner in Kentucky over the weekend, said he couldn’t support giving a president “extra-constitutional” powers.

“I can’t vote to give the president the power to spend money that hasn’t been appropriated by Congress. We may want more money for border security, but Congress didn’t authorize it,” Paul said, according to the Bowling Green Daily News.

Paul elaborated in a Fox News op-ed published on Sunday night that he would vote for the resolution of disapproval once it comes up on the Senate floor.

In addition to Paul, GOP Sens. Susan CollinsSusan Margaret CollinsThe Hill's Morning Report - Trump says no legislation until Dems end probes Collins offering bill to boost battery research as GOP pushes energy 'innovation' Biden says Congress must move to protect abortion rights MORE (Maine), Lisa MurkowskiLisa Ann MurkowskiMurkowski celebrates birthday with electric scooter ride Overnight Energy: Park Service plans to pay full-time staff through entrance fees | Oil companies join blitz for carbon tax | Interior chief takes heat for saying he hasn't 'lost sleep' over climate change Democrats grill Trump Interior chief for saying he hasn't 'lost sleep' over climate change MORE (Alaska) and Thom TillisThomas (Thom) Roland TillisThe Hill's Morning Report — After contentious week, Trump heads for Japan Collins offering bill to boost battery research as GOP pushes energy 'innovation' Lawmakers call for investigation after census hired registered sex offender MORE (N.C.) are expected to support the resolution, which passed the House last week with 13 Republicans supporting it.

The Senate is expected to vote on the measure before lawmakers leave town for a weeklong recess on March 15, but GOP aides predict it’s more likely to come up on the floor next week. McConnell has teed up votes on four nominations this week.

Roughly a dozen GOP senators, including Sens. Cory GardnerCory Scott GardnerSenate Republicans running away from Alabama abortion law Frustrated GOP senators want answers from Trump on Iran Graham: Trump officials not adequately briefing on Iran threat MORE (R-Colo.), Marco RubioMarco Antonio RubioFrustration boils over with Senate's 'legislative graveyard' Senate passes disaster aid bill after deal with Trump GOP senators work to get Trump on board with new disaster aid package MORE (R-Fla.) and Mike LeeMichael (Mike) Shumway LeeOn The Money: Senate passes disaster aid bill after deal with Trump | Trump to offer B aid package for farmers | House votes to boost retirement savings | Study says new tariffs to double costs for consumers Senate passes disaster aid bill after deal with Trump Hillicon Valley: Google delays cutting off Huawei | GOP senators split over breaking up big tech | Report finds DNC lagging behind RNC on cybersecurity MORE (R-Utah), remain undecided on the resolution. McConnell previously floated that Trump would need to veto the resolution if he wants to circumvent Congress, but declined to handicap the outcome of the Senate's vote last week.

“My guess is there would probably be enough votes in the Senate to pass the disapproval … [but] I think we need to have a larger conversation about why Congress would delegate so much of its authority to any president,” said Sen. John CornynJohn CornynTrump goes scorched earth against impeachment talk The Hill's Morning Report - Trump says no legislation until Dems end probes Bipartisan House bill calls for strategy to protect 5G networks from foreign threats MORE (R-Texas), an adviser to McConnell who is expected to vote against the resolution of disapproval.

Though the resolution of disapproval isn’t expected to have the votes to override a veto from Trump, some GOP senators are urging him to back down. 

Sen. Lamar AlexanderAndrew (Lamar) Lamar AlexanderOvernight Health Care — Presented by PCMA — Senators unveil sweeping bipartisan health care package | House lawmakers float Medicare pricing reforms | Dems offer bill to guarantee abortion access Bipartisan senators reveal sweeping health care package Collins offering bill to boost battery research as GOP pushes energy 'innovation' MORE (R-Tenn.), who has not said how he will vote, warned that Trump was creating a “constitutional crisis” with his emergency declaration to use military construction money to build the U.S.-Mexico border wall.

Alexander, instead, argued that Trump should back down and instead divert more funding from the Pentagon’s counter-drug programs, which would not require an emergency declaration.

“There is a way the president can avoid this dangerous precedent completely: he can use the congressional funding authority he already has to build the 234 miles of wall that he asked Congress to approve in his January 6 letter to the Senate,” Alexander said in a floor speech last week.

Trump has given no indication that he’s going to change his mind, but it wouldn’t be without precedent. Former President George W. Bush declared a national emergency in 2005 in the wake of Hurricane Katrina but backed down when Congress threatened to block him.

Cohen

Trump’s former personal attorney Michael Cohen is slated to appear before the House Intelligence Committee again this week to continue his testimony on Russian interference in the 2016 election and potential collusion with the Trump campaign.

“We talked about a lot of things,” Rep. Jackie SpeierKaren (Jackie) Lorraine Jacqueline SpeierMomentum grows to create 'Do Not Track' registry Democrats talk subpoena for Mueller House Democrats press leaders to start Trump impeachment MORE (D-Calif.), a member of the Intelligence Committee, said following Cohen’s six-hour testimony last Thursday. “We are just now getting into some of the more substantive issues.”

Cohen appeared last week before the Senate Intelligence Committee, House Intelligence Committee and the House Oversight and Reform Committee to testify on a variety of issues.

Cohen is slated to serve a three-year federal prison sentence starting in May after pleading guilty to numerous charges last year.  

Nominations

McConnell has teed up votes on three of Trump’s circuit court picks, as Republicans fill vacancies on the key appeals bench at a record pace.

McConnell, wrapping up the Senate’s work on Thursday, set up votes on Allison Jones Rushing to be a judge on the 4th Circuit, Chad Readler to be a judge on the 6th Circuit and Eric Murphy to be a judge on the 6th Circuit.

Democrats are taking aim at Readler’s nomination in particular, with Senate Minority Leader Charles SchumerCharles (Chuck) Ellis SchumerNo agreement on budget caps in sight ahead of Memorial Day recess Ex-White House photographer roasts Trump: 'This is what a cover up looked like' under Obama Pelosi: Trump 'is engaged in a cover-up' MORE (D-N.Y.) announcing that all Democrats would oppose him during his vote this week.

Readler, who previously worked as an assistant attorney general for the civil division at the Department of Justice, filed a brief last year supporting a lawsuit filed by Texas and other states seeking to strike down the Affordable Care Act.

“Any Republican Senator who supports his nomination is supporting the Trump-Republican lawsuit to get rid of pre-existing condition protections and take away health coverage from millions of Americans,” Schumer said on Friday.

Family separation

The Senate Judiciary Committee is set to hold a hearing on the administration’s policy for detaining immigrant families along the U.S.-Mexico border after two children died in U.S. custody.

Sen. Lindsey GrahamLindsey Olin GrahamTrump declassification move unnerves Democrats Climate change is a GOP issue, too New Yorker cover titled 'The Shining' shows Graham, McConnell, Barr polishing Trump's shoes MORE (R-S.C.) announced last month that he would hold a hearing in the first week of March. The hearing, set for Wednesday, is entitled "Oversight of Customs and Border Protection’s Response to the Smuggling of Persons at the Southern Border."

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) announced in late December that Felipe Gómez Alonzo, an 8-year-old Guatemalan boy, had died in its custody after being hospitalized in New Mexico with flu-like symptoms, high fever and vomiting. A 7-year-old girl, Jakelin Caal Maquin, also died after she was detained along with other migrants who illegally crossed the southern border.

CBP Commissioner Kevin McAleenan at the time called the deaths "absolutely devastating."

"It’s been over a decade since we’ve had a child die anywhere in our processes," McAleenan told ABC's "This Week."