Senate rejects delay of debit-fee regulations, ending K Street battle

Senate Democratic Whip Dick DurbinDick Durbin28 Senate Democrats sign statement urging Israel-Hamas ceasefire Senate Democrats urge Garland not to fight court order to release Trump obstruction memo Sweeping election reform bill faces Senate buzz saw MORE (Ill.) won one of the biggest victories of his career Wednesday by leading the defeat of a controversial banking proposal supported by Sen. Charles SchumerChuck SchumerBiden 'encouraged' by meeting with congressional leaders on infrastructure Republicans welcome the chance to work with Democrats on a bipartisan infrastructure bill Cheney sideshow distracts from important battle over Democrats' partisan voting bill MORE (D-N.Y.) and the powerful banking industry. 

An amendment sponsored by Sen. Jon TesterJonathan (Jon) TesterDC statehood bill picks up Senate holdout Democratic fissures start to show after Biden's first 100 days Americans for Prosperity launches campaign targeting six Democrats to oppose ending filibuster MORE (D-Mont.) that would have delayed regulations on debit-card fees fell six votes short of the 60 it needed to win passage, 54-45. 

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The vote abruptly ended the biggest K Street battle of 2011, a debate that pitted banks and credit unions against a coalition of retailers and consumer-rights groups. 

At stake was $1.3 billion banks collect every month from debit-card fees that average 44 cents per transaction. The Fed is expected to cap fees at 12 cents per transaction when it unveils its rule by July 21. 

Durbin’s victory is a resounding affirmation of one of his biggest personal wins of the 111th Congress — the 2010 law directing the Federal Reserve to ensure that banking fees on debit-card transactions are reasonable and proportional.

“Winning this last year and holding onto it with a change of Congress was quite a battle. I’ve had some tough fights in my career, but I’ve never had one that both sides were so invested in and there were such strong feelings,” Durbin said after the vote. “It was painful in that Jon Tester is a great friend and a person I love, and his wife Sharla, and I’m sorry to be on the other side, but I think at the end of our day our friendship is still strong.”

Durbin noted that the banking industry had defeated him on other bills, such as his effort to stop sub-prime mortgages several years ago as well on the so-called cramdown issue.

“I understood they were formidable challengers,” he said. 

Tester’s amendment would have delayed the Federal Reserve from setting standard swipe fees. 

Durbin garnered 64 votes in 2010 to require the Fed to review what many retailers consider excessive debit-card fees. But Durbin won that victory in the midst of the Wall Street reform debate, when banks’ reputations were still heavily tarnished from the 2008 financial collapse and subsequent government bailout. 

Banks have had more than a year since that May vote to rehabilitate their image and devise a massive lobbying campaign. But since they were playing legislative offense, they had to garner 60 votes to blunt the impact of the Fed’s rulemaking. 


Nine Democrats, including Schumer, chairman of the Democratic Policy Committee, who voted for Durbin’s amendment last year, supported Tester’s amendment Wednesday. The others were Sens. Mark BegichMark Peter BegichAlaska Senate race sees cash surge in final stretch Alaska group backing independent candidate appears linked to Democrats Sullivan wins Alaska Senate GOP primary MORE (Alaska), Michael BennetMichael Farrand BennetNew York, New Jersey, California face long odds in scrapping SALT  Overnight Defense: Former Pentagon chief to testify about Capitol riot Wednesday | Senate Intelligence chairman wants Biden to review US Space Command move Senate Intelligence chairman wants Biden to review US Space Command move MORE (Colo.), Kirsten GillibrandKirsten GillibrandPush to combat sexual assault in military reaches turning point Sunday shows preview: House GOP removes Cheney from leadership position; CDC issues new guidance for fully vaccinated Americans Overnight Defense: Capitol security bill includes 1M to reimburse National Guard | Turner to lead House push against military sexual assault | Pentagon drops mask mandate MORE (N.Y.), Kay HaganKay Ruthven HaganBiden's gun control push poses danger for midterms The two women who could 'cancel' Trump 10 under-the-radar races to watch in November MORE (N.C.), Barbara MikulskiBarbara Ann MikulskiWill the real Lee Hamiltons and Olympia Snowes please stand up? Bottom line How the US can accelerate progress on gender equity MORE (Md.), Ben Nelson (Neb.), Debbie StabenowDeborah (Debbie) Ann StabenowLet America's farmers grow climate solutions The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Emergent BioSolutions - House GOP drama intensifies; BIden sets new vax goal Overnight Health Care: Biden sets goal of at least one shot to 70 percent of adults by July 4 | White House to shift how it distributes unallocated vaccines to states MORE (Mich.) and Jim Webb (Va.). 

Schumer helped four of them gain entry to the Senate as chairman of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee in 2006 and 2008: Begich, Gillibrand, Hagan and Webb. Stabenow serves with Schumer as vice chairwoman of the Democratic Policy Committee. 

A senior Democratic aide said Schumer did not whip Wednesday’s vote and let Tester take the lead in corralling Democratic votes for his amendment. 

Nineteen Democrats joined 35 Republicans in voting for Tester’s proposal. Twelve Republicans voted with 32 Democrats and one Independent to block it. 

Sen. Joe Lieberman (I-Conn.), who voted against Durbin’s amendment in 2010, missed the vote. 

Durbin’s allies proclaimed it a major win for the second-ranking Democratic leader. 

“I think Durbin’s won twice. When you win, you’re a winner,” said James Williams, a former aide to Durbin. 

Williams stayed neutral in the fight. He worked for Durbin, but his K Street firm, SNR Denton, represents clients who supported Tester’s amendment. 

A Democratic lobbyist who fought hard to pass Tester’s amendment said Wednesday’s votes dealt the banks a decisive defeat. 

“I think this is it,” said the lobbyist, who warned that retailers might now be emboldened to try to cap credit card fees as well. “It could be hard to get traction on that, but don’t underestimate Durbin.”

The banking lobbyist conceded that “it’s certainly a good thing for him as a legislator” but questioned whether “it’s a major boost to his chances to become [Senate Democratic] leader” because many Democratic colleagues wanted to avoid the fight altogether. 

Durbin told reporters that he tried to avoid the contentious floor fight but banks weren’t interested in compromise. 

Tester and Corker scrambled on Tuesday to modify their proposal by reducing the delay of regulations to only one year. 

 Durbin immediately rejected it. 

“The amendment suspends the Fed’s new rule for at least 12 months, but there’s not an effective date on it, so it could go much longer, which means that the banks will continue to collect $1.3 billion a month in debit card fees from merchants and retailers. That’s their idea of a compromise? It basically means we lose,” he told reporters.

Durbin said the floor battle couldn’t be avoided and knew it put members in a tough spot.

“A lot of my colleagues say, ‘Please don’t let this come to a vote’ and others … say, ‘Please make it go away.’ The only way that I can possibly do that is bring it to a vote and hope that I can prevail,” Durbin said before the vote. 

Durbin acknowledged the vote was “painful” because “they go back home and they got credit unions and community banks coming after them and retailers and merchants, convenience stores, saloon keepers, restaurants. It is a very big grassroots issue.”

This story was originally posted at 2:45 p.m. and updated at 8:21 p.m.