“Internet retailers have an advantage over brick and mortar retailers,” Sen. Dick DurbinDick DurbinEffort to overhaul archaic election law wins new momentum Senate panel advances bill blocking tech giants from favoring own products Manchin, Collins leading talks on overhauling election law, protecting election officials MORE (D-Ill.) said Wednesday. “This has caused many stores on Main Streets to face competition that is unfair … so we’re trying to level the playing field.”

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Senators in states without a sales tax voiced opposition to the bill, arguing it would burden retailers in their states by forcing them to collect taxes for other state governments.

“This legislation would impose new burdens on small businesses not only in New Hampshire but actually across the country,” Sen. Jeanne ShaheenCynthia (Jeanne) Jeanne ShaheenSenators introduce bill aimed at protecting Ukrainian civilians Biden huddles with group of senators on Ukraine-Russia tensions Former aide says she felt 'abandoned' by Democrats who advanced Garcetti nomination as ambassador to India MORE (D-N.H.) said. “Small businesses across the country — not just in non-sales tax states, such as New Hampshire, but small businesses across the country — will see their tax burdens increase.”

The bill would exempt small businesses that earn less than $1 million annually from out-of-state sales and requires states to provide retailers with software to calculate sales taxes based on a buyer’s zip code.

Under current law, states can only collect sales taxes from retailers that have a physical presence in their state. People who order items online from another state are supposed to declare the purchases on their tax forms, but few do or are even aware of the law.

“This issue has grown tremendously because of the explosion of Internet sales," Sen. Heidi HeitkampMary (Heidi) Kathryn Heitkamp11 former Democratic senators call for 'meaningful reform to Senate rules' Harry Reid, political pugilist and longtime Senate majority leader, dies Virginia loss lays bare Democrats' struggle with rural voters MORE (D-N.D.) said Tuesday. "Remote sellers are getting bigger, and our main street businesses continue to suffer, continue to struggle.

“Let's do this. Let's level the playing field. Let's make this responsive to those main street businesses who everyday struggle and are simply asking for justice."

Senate Finance Committee Chairman Max BaucusMax Sieben BaucusThe good, bad, and ugly of Tester's Blackfoot-Clearwater Stewardship Act Biden nominates Nicholas Burns as ambassador to China Cryptocurrency industry lobbies Washington for 'regulatory clarity' MORE (D-Mont.) and others who opposed the bill said it should have gone through committee before coming to the Senate floor.

“This is a bill that — once again, as happens all-to-often in this Senate — hasn’t been run through committee, hasn’t been properly vetted, and hasn’t yet had the kinks worked out of it,” Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellThese Senate seats are up for election in 2022 WATCH: The Hill recaps the top stories of the week Effort to overhaul archaic election law wins new momentum MORE (R-Ky.) said Tuesday. “It’s not like there aren’t other things that can be done to improve tax compliance from online shoppers — things that don’t require us to turn private businesses into tax collectors for remote state governments.”

Those supporting the bill have called it a “states’ rights bill” because it would allow states — many of which are battling large budget deficits — to collect the revenue they need to fund state programs.

Senate Majority Leader Harry ReidHarry Mason ReidThe Hill's 12:30 Report - Presented by Connected Commerce Council - Biden faces reporters as his agenda teeters Biden hits one-year mark in dire straits 'All or nothing' won't bolster American democracy: Reform the filibuster and Electoral Count Act MORE (D-Nev.) warned senators Wednesday that there could be weekend work if the opposition continues to drag its feet.

“I know this sounds like me crying wolf, but this might be the time the wolf is coming,” Reid said. “If we have to be here Friday, Saturday, we’ve got to finish work on this bill.”

Most opposition to the bill has come from conservative GOP members joined by lawmakers from three states that don’t have sales tax: Montana, New Hampshire and Oregon. Delaware also doesn’t have a sales tax, but its senators didn’t oppose the bill.

Retail groups such as the National Retail Federation and the Retail Industry Leaders Association have backed the legislation, which senators have been pushing for years.

Reps. Steve WomackStephen (Steve) Allen WomackArkansas legislature splits Little Rock in move that guarantees GOP seats Funding fight imperils National Guard ops Overnight Defense: 6B Pentagon spending bill advances | Navy secretary nominee glides through hearing | Obstacles mount in Capitol security funding fight MORE (R-Ark.), Jackie Speier (D-Calif.), Peter WelchPeter Francis WelchThese Senate seats are up for election in 2022 Former US attorney considering Senate run in Vermont as Republican Members of Congress not running for reelection in 2022 MORE (D-Vt.) and John Conyers Jr. (D-Mich.) have introduced companion legislation in the House.