“Our president said in 2012 that his administration has Israel’s back,” Graham said ahead of the vote. “This is a chance for the Senate to also say we have Israel’s back.”

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Menendez said Iran was the “the paramount national security challenge we face.”

S.Res. 65 also supports the full implementation of U.S. and international sanctions on Iran, which Graham said have been working but too slowly.

“This is about preventing Iran from getting a nuclear weapon,” Sen. John HoevenJohn Henry HoevenGOP sees immigration as path to regain power The Hill's 12:30 Report - Presented by Facebook - All US adults now eligible for COVID vaccines The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Facebook - All US adults can get vaccine; decision Friday on J&J vax MORE (R-N.D.) said. “If Iran can’t sell their oil, they won’t have revenue and won’t be able to build a nuclear weapon.”

The resolution says, “if Israel is compelled to take military action in self-defense against Iran's nuclear weapons program, the U.S. government should provide Israel with diplomatic, military and economic support.”

The resolution expressly says it’s not a declaration of war.

“Today the Senate will send a clear and unequivocal message to Iran,” Sen. John McCainJohn Sidney McCainEx-McSally aide pleads guilty to stealing over 0K in campaign funds DOJ: Arizona recount could violate civil rights laws Cheney fight stokes cries of GOP double standard for women MORE (R-Ariz.) said. “The United States will not allow you to get nuclear weapon capability.”

Menendez, the Senate Foreign Affairs Committee chairman, said his committee would continue to look at other options, including increasing military pressure, in order to keep Iran from getting a nuclear weapon.