"We ask for a system of shared responsibility with States and school districts," Harkin said of his bill, S. 1094. "I believe that we are entering an era in which the federal government can work in partnership with States to improve our nation's schools, while continuing to provide a backstop to avoid returning to old ways."

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The bill eliminates the "adequate yearly progress" guidelines permanently but still sets education parameters for states and localities and continues to require performance reports for schools.

Also in the Senate, Sen. Kay HaganKay Ruthven HaganTillis trails Democratic challenger by 7 points in North Carolina poll Tillis trails Democratic challenger by 7 points in North Carolina poll North Carolina businessman will challenge Tillis in GOP primary MORE (D-N.C.) proposed legislation awarding grants to encourage state and local educational agencies to increase their use of technology in the classroom. And Sen. Tom UdallThomas (Tom) Stewart UdallOvernight Defense: House passes T spending package with defense funds | Senate set to vote on blocking Saudi arms sales | UN nominee defends climate change record Overnight Defense: House passes T spending package with defense funds | Senate set to vote on blocking Saudi arms sales | UN nominee defends climate change record Overnight Defense: Shanahan exit shocks Washington | Pentagon left rudderless | Lawmakers want answers on Mideast troop deployment | Senate could vote on Saudi arms deal this week | Pompeo says Trump doesn't want war with Iran MORE (D-N.M.) proposed a bill that would limit penalties for states that fail to maintain funding for educating students with disabilities.

Sen. Marco RubioMarco Antonio RubioThe Hill's 12:30 Report — Presented by MAPRx — Trump jumps into 2020 race The Hill's 12:30 Report — Presented by MAPRx — Trump jumps into 2020 race GOP frets about Trump's poll numbers MORE (R-Fla.) and Rep. Aaron Schock (R-Ill.) proposed a bill together on Tuesday that would streamline and simplify various federal education credits and turn them into a single $2,500 per year tax credit for the first four years of post-secondary education. Their bill would also save money by ending credits for taxpayers who aren't students or who attended school less than half time.

"Unfortunately, our current network of higher education tax incentives only complicates the pursuit of affordable education while also attracting costly abuse and fraud," Rubio said. "Our bill will replace this complex and burdensome tax system with a simple provision to assist eligible students, whether they are pursuing skills training or a university degree."

In the House, members proposed a bipartisan bill aimed at expanding grants for charter schools. The All Students Achieving through Reform (ALL-STAR) Act, from Reps. Jared Polis (D-Colo.) and Tom PetriThomas (Tom) Evert PetriBreak the cycle of partisanship with infant, child health care programs Combine healthcare and tax reform to bring out the best in both Overnight Tech: Internet lobby criticizes GOP privacy bill | Apple sees security requests for user data skyrocket | Airbnb beefs up lobbying MORE (R-Wis.), would provide incentives for states to lift caps on charter school growth and allow the Department of Education to award grants directly to charter schools that have a successful education record.

"All students should have access to high-quality schools where children can learn, grow, and develop skills that will help them succeed in college and the workforce," Polis said of his bill. "Across the country, high-quality public charter schools are demonstrating that all students can achieve at high levels."

Rep. Tim BishopTimothy (Tim) Howard BishopDem candidate 'struck by the parallels' between Trump's rise and Hitler's Dems separated by 29 votes in NY House primary Flint residents hire first K Street firm MORE (D-N.Y.) introduced legislation aimed at reducing and preventing the spread of fraudulent degrees, while Rep. Judy Chu (D-Calif.) offered a bill aimed at creating new partnerships to boost graduation rates and prepare students for college.

Finally, Rep. Michael Capuano (D-Mass.) proposed a bill to provide death benefits for campus police officers.

The flurry of education bills comes as the House and Senate are working to pass legislation that would keep the interest rate on federally backed student loans as low as possible. The House has passed a bill linking the rate to Treasury rates, while the Senate this week will consider a bill extending the 3.4 percent interest rate for two more years, paid for by closing tax loopholes on companies.