This week: Congress, Trump set for showdown on emergency declaration
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President TrumpDonald John TrumpA better VA, with mental health services, is essential for America's veterans Pelosi, Nadler tangle on impeachment, contempt vote Trump arrives in Japan to kick off 4-day state visit MORE is on a collision course with Congress over his decision to declare a national emergency to build the U.S.-Mexico border wall.

Trump’s decision sparked bipartisan backlash on Capitol Hill, paving the way for a political and legal battle.

The House will ratchet up the fight this week when it’s expected to vote on and pass a resolution to block the declaration.

Speaker Nancy PelosiNancy PelosiPelosi, Nadler tangle on impeachment, contempt vote Hillary Clinton slams Trump for spreading 'sexist trash' about Pelosi Hillicon Valley: Facebook won't remove doctored Pelosi video | Trump denies knowledge of fake Pelosi videos | Controversy over new Assange charges | House Democrats seek bipartisan group on net neutrality MORE (D-Calif.) told reporters during a conference call that the measure will head to the House Rules Committee on Monday evening and come to the floor on Tuesday.

"The president's act is lawless and does violence to our Constitution and therefore to our democracy," she said. "We do not have a monarchy; we have a separation of powers in our country."

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The disapproval resolution was introduced by Rep. Joaquin Castro (D-Texas) on Friday and has received more than 225 signatures — including one Republican, Rep. Justin AmashJustin AmashEx-GOP lawmaker pens op-ed calling for Trump to be impeached On The Money: Senate passes disaster aid bill after deal with Trump | Trump to offer B aid package for farmers | House votes to boost retirement savings | Study says new tariffs to double costs for consumers Amash: Some of Trump's actions 'were inherently corrupt' MORE (Mich.).

While just one House Republican is currently co-sponsoring the resolution, Castro and Pelosi have both sent "Dear Colleague" letters to members of both parties calling on them to support the measure.

“All Members take an oath of office to support and defend the Constitution. The President’s decision to go outside the bounds of the law to try to get what he failed to achieve in the constitutional legislative process violates the Constitution and must be terminated,” Pelosi wrote in her letter circulated to lawmakers.

The resolution would abolish the emergency declaration, which aims to shift money from other programs, largely from within the Pentagon.

Trump proclaimed the national emergency on Feb. 15, one day after Congress passed a massive spending bill that provided just $1.375 billion to build the barrier along the southern border — a far lower figure than the $5.7 billion requested by the administration. Trump wants to pool together roughly $8 billion, including the money included in the spending bill, to put toward the border wall.

The move was met with strong pushback from Democrats, who argued it is an executive overreach as Congress controls the power of the purse. A handful of GOP lawmakers have expressed concern it sets a bad precedent moving forward.  

“The problem is the president came to Congress asking for something, Congress said no. Our system doesn't then allow the president to say, 'Ok I'm just going do it anyway through some sort of cheat code,' " Rep. Mike GallagherMichael (Mike) John GallagherConnecticut radio station rebrands itself 'Trump 103.3' The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Pass USMCA Coalition - Restrictive state abortion laws ignite fiery 2020 debate Sinema, Gallagher fastest lawmakers in charity race MORE (R-Wis.) told Milwaukee's NBC affiliate on Thursday.

But many Republicans, despite widespread concerns about the precedent of the move, have aligned themselves with the president, who predicted to reporters on Friday he thinks Republicans will "stick with" him on the border wall.

The measure is expected to easily pass the House. It is unclear when it will be brought up for a vote in the upper chamber. To pass the Senate Democrats would need to flip at least four Republicans if they can also keep the entire caucus united.

Senate Minority Leader Charles SchumerCharles (Chuck) Ellis SchumerNo agreement on budget caps in sight ahead of Memorial Day recess Ex-White House photographer roasts Trump: 'This is what a cover up looked like' under Obama Pelosi: Trump 'is engaged in a cover-up' MORE (D-N.Y.) sad Senate Democrats would “soon” introduce a resolution blocking Trump’s declaration.

Several Republicans have raised concerns about Trump’s decision because of the precedent it could give a future Democratic president and worries that it ignores appropriations decisions made by Congress.

Sen. Lindsey GrahamLindsey Olin GrahamTrump declassification move unnerves Democrats Climate change is a GOP issue, too New Yorker cover titled 'The Shining' shows Graham, McConnell, Barr polishing Trump's shoes MORE (R-S.C.), a close ally of Trump’s, predicted that a "handful” of Republicans would vote for the resolution, but that Trump would ultimately have the support to sustain a veto in Congress.

So far, Sen. Susan CollinsSusan Margaret CollinsThe Hill's Morning Report - Trump says no legislation until Dems end probes Collins offering bill to boost battery research as GOP pushes energy 'innovation' Biden says Congress must move to protect abortion rights MORE (R-Maine), who is up for reelection in 2020, is the only Republican to say she will vote for a resolution to block Trump’s emergency declaration.

“I believe it will pass the House, and, I don't know what the vote situation will be in the Senate, nor do I know exactly what that resolution will say but it is a privileged matter. That means that it will come before the Senate for a vote, and if it's a clean disapproval resolution, I will support it,” she said.

Sen. Lisa MurkowskiLisa Ann MurkowskiMurkowski celebrates birthday with electric scooter ride Overnight Energy: Park Service plans to pay full-time staff through entrance fees | Oil companies join blitz for carbon tax | Interior chief takes heat for saying he hasn't 'lost sleep' over climate change Democrats grill Trump Interior chief for saying he hasn't 'lost sleep' over climate change MORE (R-Alaska) said that she is “likely” to support the resolution.

"I want to make sure that the resolution of disapproval is exactly what I think it is, because if it is as I understand it to be, I will likely be supporting the resolution to disapprove of the action," Murkowski said.

She added to KTUU, an Alaska-based TV station, that “if it's what I have seen right now, I will support the resolution to disapprove."

Should it pass both chambers, it’s almost certain Trump will veto the measure. It would be the first veto of Trump’s tenure and comes as the Senate is also expected to soon take up a resolution aimed at ending U.S. support for the Saudi-led war in Yemen, which Trump has also previously threatened to veto if it reaches his desk.

“Will I veto it? 100 percent. 100 percent. And I don't think it survives a veto,” Trump told reporters on Friday about the resolution to block his emergency declaration. “We have too many smart people that want border security, so I can't imagine if it survives a veto, but i will veto it.”

Cohen

Trump’s former attorney Michael Cohen is scheduled to appear before three congressional committees over the course of three days this week.

On Tuesday he is expected to testify before the Senate Intelligence Committee as part of their Russia investigation in a closed-door meeting and before the House Intelligence Committee on Thursday about Russian interference in the 2016 election.

On Wednesday, Cohen will appear before the House Oversight and Reform Committee, where he’s expected to be grilled on topics including the president’s potential conflicts of interest, his business practices and potential campaign finance violations.

His appearance on Capitol Hill comes as lawmakers and the White House await the release of special counsel Robert MuellerRobert (Bob) Swan MuellerThe Hill's 12:30 Report: Trump orders more troops to Mideast amid Iran tensions Trump: Democrats just want Mueller to testify for a 'do-over' Graham: Mueller investigation a 'political rectal exam' MORE’s report on the Russia investigation. Speculation grew that Mueller could be ready to hand over his findings to Attorney General William Barr within days, but a Justice Department official told The Hill that he will not deliver his report to the department this week.

Background checks

The lower chamber is scheduled to bring two bills to the floor aimed at strengthening background checks on those looking to purchase firearms.

The Bipartisan Background Checks Act — led by Reps. Mike Thompson (D-Calif.) and Pete King (R-N.Y.) — would expand federal background checks for online and gun show purchases.

Under the legislation, a licensed firearms dealer would have to conduct a background check on those looking to transfer gun ownership with the exception of transfers between family members or temporary transfers for the purpose of hunting or going to a shooting range.

The second bill — spearheaded by House Majority Whip James Clyburn (D-S.C.) — would lengthen the review period for gun purchases from 72 hours to 10 days.

Upon taking back the House, top Democrats said tightening background checks is a top priority in the wake of the number of mass shootings that have taken place in recent years.

Wheeler

The Senate is set to turn to Trump’s nominee to lead the Environmental Protection Agency later this week.

Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellThe Hill's 12:30 Report: Trump orders more troops to Mideast amid Iran tensions What if 2020 election is disputed? Immigration bills move forward amid political upheaval MORE (R-Ky.) teed up Andrew Wheeler’s nomination as part of a slate expected to take up the Senate’s work week.

Wheeler has come under intense criticism from Democrats because of his ties to the coal industry, where he was previously a lobbyist.

“Andrew Wheeler is a fossil fuel lobbyist nominated to run the agency regulating the fossil fuel industry. It would be comical if it weren’t so serious,” Sen. Sheldon WhitehouseSheldon WhitehouseOvernight Energy: Democrats push EPA to collect 4K in 'excessive' Pruitt travel expenses | Greens angered over new rules for rocket fuel chemical | Inslee to join youth climate strikers in Las Vegas Democrats push EPA to collect 4K from Pruitt for 'excessive airfare expenses' Overnight Energy: Democrats ask if EPA chief misled on vehicle emissions | Dem senators want NBC debate focused on climate change | 2020 hopeful John Delaney unveils T climate plan MORE (D-R.I.) said in a statement after Wheeler cleared committee.

He added that if confirmed Trump’s nominee would “take every opportunity to chip away at — or chop down — vital protections for our environment and public health using phony science supplied by his polluter patrons.”

Wheeler was named as acting EPA administrator in July, roughly three months after he was confirmed to the agency’s No. 2 position. Sen. Joe ManchinJoseph (Joe) ManchinSenate Democrats to House: Tamp down the impeachment talk The Hill's Morning Report - Trump says no legislation until Dems end probes Senate panel approves Interior nominee over objections from Democrats MORE (D-W.Va.) is the only Democrat still serving in the Senate who voted for Wheeler last year.

Nominations

In addition to Wheeler, McConnell has set up votes on nominees for the IRS, the Tennessee Valley Authority and the 9th Circuit.

Eric Miller’s nomination be an appeals judge is reigniting the Senate’s fight over "blue slips," a sheet of paper that indicates if a home-state senator approves of a nominee.

Spokespeople for Sens. Patty Murray (D-Wash.), a member of Democratic leadership, and Maria Cantwell (D-Wash.), confirmed to The Hill on Friday that they did not return a blue slip on Miller’s nomination.

Murray first announced late last year that she wouldn’t return her blue slip for Miller, arguing that Republicans were trying to place “extreme conservatives" on the court.

"This needs to end. So I am not going to be complicit in this latest rushed process to load the courts with Trump nominees in the lame duck session and I will not be returning the blue slip that signals my approval of this process," Murray said in a statement at the time.

Though Republicans have approved previous nominees for Trump without one home-state senator returning a blue slip, Miller would be the first circuit nominee to be confirmed without a blue slip from either home-state senator.

Abortion

The Senate is set to take an initial vote on legislation from Sen. Ben SasseBenjamin (Ben) Eric SasseSenate GOP votes to permanently ban earmarks The Hill's Morning Report - White House, Congress: Urgency of now around budget Senate Republicans running away from Alabama abortion law MORE (R-Neb.) after comments from Democrats about “late-term abortion” legislation in Virginia sparked a political firestorm.

Sasse’s bill would penalize doctors who fail to "exercise the proper degree of care in the case of a child who survives an abortion or attempted abortion."

He tried to pass the bill on the Senate floor earlier this month, but was blocked by Democrats. The floor drama came after Virginia Gov. Ralph Northam (D) provoked outrage among anti-abortion groups, GOP lawmakers and the White House over his comments about a bill that would have made it easier for women to get third trimester abortions if their health was threatened by pregnancy.

Sasse’s bill is unlikely to get the 60 votes needed to break a filibuster during a Monday night vote scheduled for 5:30 p.m.