This week: Congress, Trump set for showdown on emergency declaration
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President TrumpDonald John TrumpTrump conversation with foreign leader part of complaint that led to standoff between intel chief, Congress: report Pelosi: Lewandowski should have been held in contempt 'right then and there' Trump to withdraw FEMA chief nominee: report MORE is on a collision course with Congress over his decision to declare a national emergency to build the U.S.-Mexico border wall.

Trump’s decision sparked bipartisan backlash on Capitol Hill, paving the way for a political and legal battle.

The House will ratchet up the fight this week when it’s expected to vote on and pass a resolution to block the declaration.

Speaker Nancy PelosiNancy PelosiPelosi: Lewandowski should have been held in contempt 'right then and there' Democrats bicker over strategy on impeachment Overnight Health Care — Presented by Partnership for America's Health Care Future — Pelosi set to unveil drug price plan | Abortion rate in US hits lowest level since Roe v. Wade | Dems threaten to subpoena Juul MORE (D-Calif.) told reporters during a conference call that the measure will head to the House Rules Committee on Monday evening and come to the floor on Tuesday.

"The president's act is lawless and does violence to our Constitution and therefore to our democracy," she said. "We do not have a monarchy; we have a separation of powers in our country."

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The disapproval resolution was introduced by Rep. Joaquin Castro (D-Texas) on Friday and has received more than 225 signatures — including one Republican, Rep. Justin AmashJustin AmashTrump's 'soldier of fortune' foreign policy Amash: 'Bolton never should have been hired' Romney: Bolton firing 'a huge loss' for nation MORE (Mich.).

While just one House Republican is currently co-sponsoring the resolution, Castro and Pelosi have both sent "Dear Colleague" letters to members of both parties calling on them to support the measure.

“All Members take an oath of office to support and defend the Constitution. The President’s decision to go outside the bounds of the law to try to get what he failed to achieve in the constitutional legislative process violates the Constitution and must be terminated,” Pelosi wrote in her letter circulated to lawmakers.

The resolution would abolish the emergency declaration, which aims to shift money from other programs, largely from within the Pentagon.

Trump proclaimed the national emergency on Feb. 15, one day after Congress passed a massive spending bill that provided just $1.375 billion to build the barrier along the southern border — a far lower figure than the $5.7 billion requested by the administration. Trump wants to pool together roughly $8 billion, including the money included in the spending bill, to put toward the border wall.

The move was met with strong pushback from Democrats, who argued it is an executive overreach as Congress controls the power of the purse. A handful of GOP lawmakers have expressed concern it sets a bad precedent moving forward.  

“The problem is the president came to Congress asking for something, Congress said no. Our system doesn't then allow the president to say, 'Ok I'm just going do it anyway through some sort of cheat code,' " Rep. Mike GallagherMichael (Mike) John Gallagher2020 Democrats raise alarm about China's intellectual property theft Bipartisan panel to issue recommendations for defending US against cyberattacks early next year Overnight Defense: House votes to block Trump arms sales to Saudis, setting up likely veto | US officially kicks Turkey out of F-35 program | Pentagon sending 2,100 more troops to border MORE (R-Wis.) told Milwaukee's NBC affiliate on Thursday.

But many Republicans, despite widespread concerns about the precedent of the move, have aligned themselves with the president, who predicted to reporters on Friday he thinks Republicans will "stick with" him on the border wall.

The measure is expected to easily pass the House. It is unclear when it will be brought up for a vote in the upper chamber. To pass the Senate Democrats would need to flip at least four Republicans if they can also keep the entire caucus united.

Senate Minority Leader Charles SchumerCharles (Chuck) Ellis SchumerSchumer, Pelosi push Trump to back universal background check bill Sinema says she would back Kennedy in race against Markey Democrats threaten to withhold defense votes over wall MORE (D-N.Y.) sad Senate Democrats would “soon” introduce a resolution blocking Trump’s declaration.

Several Republicans have raised concerns about Trump’s decision because of the precedent it could give a future Democratic president and worries that it ignores appropriations decisions made by Congress.

Sen. Lindsey GrahamLindsey Olin GrahamGOP signals unease with Barr's gun plan Overnight Defense: Trump says he has 'many options' on Iran | Hostage negotiator chosen for national security adviser | Senate Dems block funding bill | Documents show Pentagon spent at least 4K at Trump's Scotland resort GOP's Kennedy sends warning shot to Trump nominee Menashi MORE (R-S.C.), a close ally of Trump’s, predicted that a "handful” of Republicans would vote for the resolution, but that Trump would ultimately have the support to sustain a veto in Congress.

So far, Sen. Susan CollinsSusan Margaret CollinsGOP signals unease with Barr's gun plan Sinema touts bipartisan record as Arizona Democrats plan censure vote The Hill's Morning Report - Trump takes 2020 roadshow to New Mexico MORE (R-Maine), who is up for reelection in 2020, is the only Republican to say she will vote for a resolution to block Trump’s emergency declaration.

“I believe it will pass the House, and, I don't know what the vote situation will be in the Senate, nor do I know exactly what that resolution will say but it is a privileged matter. That means that it will come before the Senate for a vote, and if it's a clean disapproval resolution, I will support it,” she said.

Sen. Lisa MurkowskiLisa Ann MurkowskiSinema touts bipartisan record as Arizona Democrats plan censure vote Kavanaugh impeachment push hits Capitol buzz saw McConnell lashes out at Democrats over 'unhinged' criticism of Kavanaugh MORE (R-Alaska) said that she is “likely” to support the resolution.

"I want to make sure that the resolution of disapproval is exactly what I think it is, because if it is as I understand it to be, I will likely be supporting the resolution to disapprove of the action," Murkowski said.

She added to KTUU, an Alaska-based TV station, that “if it's what I have seen right now, I will support the resolution to disapprove."

Should it pass both chambers, it’s almost certain Trump will veto the measure. It would be the first veto of Trump’s tenure and comes as the Senate is also expected to soon take up a resolution aimed at ending U.S. support for the Saudi-led war in Yemen, which Trump has also previously threatened to veto if it reaches his desk.

“Will I veto it? 100 percent. 100 percent. And I don't think it survives a veto,” Trump told reporters on Friday about the resolution to block his emergency declaration. “We have too many smart people that want border security, so I can't imagine if it survives a veto, but i will veto it.”

Cohen

Trump’s former attorney Michael Cohen is scheduled to appear before three congressional committees over the course of three days this week.

On Tuesday he is expected to testify before the Senate Intelligence Committee as part of their Russia investigation in a closed-door meeting and before the House Intelligence Committee on Thursday about Russian interference in the 2016 election.

On Wednesday, Cohen will appear before the House Oversight and Reform Committee, where he’s expected to be grilled on topics including the president’s potential conflicts of interest, his business practices and potential campaign finance violations.

His appearance on Capitol Hill comes as lawmakers and the White House await the release of special counsel Robert MuellerRobert (Bob) Swan MuellerLewandowski says Mueller report was 'very clear' in proving 'there was no obstruction,' despite having 'never' read it Fox's Cavuto roasts Trump over criticism of network Mueller report fades from political conversation MORE’s report on the Russia investigation. Speculation grew that Mueller could be ready to hand over his findings to Attorney General William Barr within days, but a Justice Department official told The Hill that he will not deliver his report to the department this week.

Background checks

The lower chamber is scheduled to bring two bills to the floor aimed at strengthening background checks on those looking to purchase firearms.

The Bipartisan Background Checks Act — led by Reps. Mike Thompson (D-Calif.) and Pete King (R-N.Y.) — would expand federal background checks for online and gun show purchases.

Under the legislation, a licensed firearms dealer would have to conduct a background check on those looking to transfer gun ownership with the exception of transfers between family members or temporary transfers for the purpose of hunting or going to a shooting range.

The second bill — spearheaded by House Majority Whip James Clyburn (D-S.C.) — would lengthen the review period for gun purchases from 72 hours to 10 days.

Upon taking back the House, top Democrats said tightening background checks is a top priority in the wake of the number of mass shootings that have taken place in recent years.

Wheeler

The Senate is set to turn to Trump’s nominee to lead the Environmental Protection Agency later this week.

Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellLawmakers run into major speed bumps on spending bills Budowsky: Donald, Boris, Bibi — The right in retreat Hillicon Valley: Zuckerberg to meet with lawmakers | Big tech defends efforts against online extremism | Trump attends secretive Silicon Valley fundraiser | Omar urges Twitter to take action against Trump tweet MORE (R-Ky.) teed up Andrew Wheeler’s nomination as part of a slate expected to take up the Senate’s work week.

Wheeler has come under intense criticism from Democrats because of his ties to the coal industry, where he was previously a lobbyist.

“Andrew Wheeler is a fossil fuel lobbyist nominated to run the agency regulating the fossil fuel industry. It would be comical if it weren’t so serious,” Sen. Sheldon WhitehouseSheldon WhitehouseThe Hill's Morning Report - Trump eyes narrowly focused response to Iran attacks Kavanaugh impeachment push hits Capitol buzz saw Senate GOP pledges to oppose any efforts to 'pack' Supreme Court MORE (D-R.I.) said in a statement after Wheeler cleared committee.

He added that if confirmed Trump’s nominee would “take every opportunity to chip away at — or chop down — vital protections for our environment and public health using phony science supplied by his polluter patrons.”

Wheeler was named as acting EPA administrator in July, roughly three months after he was confirmed to the agency’s No. 2 position. Sen. Joe ManchinJoseph (Joe) ManchinGOP signals unease with Barr's gun plan READ: Trump administration memo on background checks NRA says Trump administration memo a 'non-starter' MORE (D-W.Va.) is the only Democrat still serving in the Senate who voted for Wheeler last year.

Nominations

In addition to Wheeler, McConnell has set up votes on nominees for the IRS, the Tennessee Valley Authority and the 9th Circuit.

Eric Miller’s nomination be an appeals judge is reigniting the Senate’s fight over "blue slips," a sheet of paper that indicates if a home-state senator approves of a nominee.

Spokespeople for Sens. Patty Murray (D-Wash.), a member of Democratic leadership, and Maria Cantwell (D-Wash.), confirmed to The Hill on Friday that they did not return a blue slip on Miller’s nomination.

Murray first announced late last year that she wouldn’t return her blue slip for Miller, arguing that Republicans were trying to place “extreme conservatives" on the court.

"This needs to end. So I am not going to be complicit in this latest rushed process to load the courts with Trump nominees in the lame duck session and I will not be returning the blue slip that signals my approval of this process," Murray said in a statement at the time.

Though Republicans have approved previous nominees for Trump without one home-state senator returning a blue slip, Miller would be the first circuit nominee to be confirmed without a blue slip from either home-state senator.

Abortion

The Senate is set to take an initial vote on legislation from Sen. Ben SasseBenjamin (Ben) Eric SasseManufacturing group leads coalition to urge Congress to reauthorize Ex-Im Bank The Hill's Morning Report - Trump ousts Bolton; GOP exhales after win in NC Trump endorses Sasse in 2020 race MORE (R-Neb.) after comments from Democrats about “late-term abortion” legislation in Virginia sparked a political firestorm.

Sasse’s bill would penalize doctors who fail to "exercise the proper degree of care in the case of a child who survives an abortion or attempted abortion."

He tried to pass the bill on the Senate floor earlier this month, but was blocked by Democrats. The floor drama came after Virginia Gov. Ralph Northam (D) provoked outrage among anti-abortion groups, GOP lawmakers and the White House over his comments about a bill that would have made it easier for women to get third trimester abortions if their health was threatened by pregnancy.

Sasse’s bill is unlikely to get the 60 votes needed to break a filibuster during a Monday night vote scheduled for 5:30 p.m.