Schumer's comments come a day after comedian Jon Stewart publicly pleaded for lawmakers to extend the funding and criticized those who skipped the subcommittee hearing.
"Accountability doesn’t appear to be something that occurs in this chamber … I'm sorry if I sound angry and undiplomatic, but I am angry, and you should be, too," Stewart said as he testified before a House Judiciary subcommittee.
The House is expected to take up the legislation, kicking the issue to the Senate.
Schumer added on Wednesday that once that happens "only one person" will be standing in the way of the bill passing Senate — McConnell.
"So I say to Leader McConnell: This is not politics. This is not a game. ... I am imploring, pleading, even begging to Leader McConnell, to put the bill on the floor immediately after it passes the House," Schumer said.
McConnell was asked about the funding during a press conference this week and told reporters that he hadn't "looked at it lately" but that Congress had previously dealt with it "in a compassionate way.""I havan't looked at that lately. I'll have to. We've always dealt with that in the past in a compassionate way, and I assume we will again," he told reporters.