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Police unions face lobbying fights at all levels of government

Police unions face lobbying fights at all levels of government
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Police unions are gearing up for their biggest lobbying fights in years as lawmakers at all levels of government push to reform law enforcement practices and protections.

In Congress, the brewing battle comes as House Democrats have introduced sweeping legislation to overhaul aspects of the criminal justice system, with Senate Republicans expected to unveil their proposal in the coming week.

The National Fraternal Order of Police (FOP), the country's largest police group that represents over 330,000 officers, is expected to play a major role, much like it did in 2014 when it tried to protect access to military equipment following the police killing of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Mo.

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“There seems to be a lot of variation in how police unions are handling the situation, ranging from just the outright opposition and in some cases vile statements coming out of union heads to … union heads that are open to reforms,” said Jake Rosenfeld, a professor at the Washington University in St. Louis who specializes in unions.

The FOP, which has in-house lobbyists, said it spent $55,000 on lobbying activities in the first quarter of 2020, a relatively low amount compared to unions in other sectors. In 2019, it spent $220,000.

An FOP spokesperson declined to comment on any plans for expanding lobbying in light of the new legislation. 

The group’s last lobbying surge was in 2014, when it was initially unsuccessful in arguing that a Pentagon program that provided surplus military gear to the police should be continued. Then-President Obama placed restrictions on the program, but President TrumpDonald TrumpGOP-led Maricopa County board decries election recount a 'sham' Analysis: Arpaio immigration patrol lawsuit to cost Arizona county at least 2 million Conservatives launch 'anti-cancel culture' advocacy organization MORE lifted those restrictions during his first year in office. 

But the debate this time around is much broader and one that threatens to reshape police forces nationwide.

Rosenfeld said that in 2014 “it certainly felt like it was just drawing a line in the stand and not moving from it. Here, this movement seems to be somewhat different.”

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The FOP put out a statement last month after the killing of George Floyd while in Minneapolis police custody, when an officer knelt on his neck for almost nine minutes.

“Law enforcement officers are empowered to use force when apprehending suspects and they are rigorously trained to do so in order to have the safest possible outcome for all parties,” FOP national president Patrick Yoes wrote. “Police officers need to treat all of our citizens with respect and understanding and should be held to the very highest standards for their conduct.”

Other law enforcement unions have been active in Washington this year, particularly around COVID-19 relief funds.

The Minnesota Police and Peace Officers Association hired Folger Square Group on April 1 to work on supplemental funding to address the effects of the coronavirus and criminal justice. Those efforts have since been overshadowed by the May 25 killing of George Floyd while in Minneapolis police custody.

Police unions also have to prepare for fights outside the Beltway.

“It’s really at the local level where a lot of the real action will be. I think you’ll see a lot of variation in terms of where unions will be on what’s coming out of cities in efforts for fundamental reform,” Rosenfeld said.

In California this month, a coalition of district attorneys called on the State Bar of California to prohibit police unions from making campaign contributions to district attorneys “to reduce the possibility of political influence from law enforcement unions over prosecutorial decision making.”

Clamping down on police union contributions could further erode the clout of law enforcement groups, though restrictions on making donations to federal candidates is not even being discussed. 

The FOP’s PAC has spent 9,000 on federal candidates so far this cycle -- 44 percent to Democrats and 56 percent to Republicans, according to data from the Center for Responsible Politics.

That money was spent between Sen. John CornynJohn CornynGOP split on counteroffer to Biden's spending Police reform talks hit familiar stumbling block CNN asks Carol Baskin to comment on loose Texas tiger MORE (R-Texas), who received $5,000, Sen. Chris CoonsChris Andrew CoonsThe Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Facebook - Israel-Hamas carnage worsens; Dems face SALT dilemma Schumer in bind over fight to overhaul elections New York, New Jersey, California face long odds in scrapping SALT  MORE (D-Del.), who received $2,500, and Rep. Alan LowenthalAlan Stuart LowenthalFace mask PPE is everywhere now — including the ocean Native Americans urge Deb Haaland to help tackle pollution in communities of color Bipartisan bill seeks to raise fees for public lands drilling MORE (D-Calif.), who received $1,500.

It also gave $5,000 to Green Mountain PAC, which is Sen. Patrick LeahyPatrick Joseph LeahySenators shed masks after CDC lifts mandate This week: House to vote on Jan. 6 Capitol attack commission Gaetz compares allegations against him to earmarks: 'Everybody knows that that's the corruption' MORE’s (D-Vt.) leadership PAC, and $5,000 to Majority Leader Steny HoyerSteny Hamilton HoyerWhat's a party caucus chair worth? House fails to pass drug bill amid Jan. 6 tensions Cheney set to be face of anti-Trump GOP MORE’s (D-Md.) Majority Fund.

The PAC spent the most on any race in 2012 when it gave over $41,000 to federal candidates. Ninety-five percent of that went to Democrats, with Sen. Amy KlobucharAmy Klobuchar Klobuchar offers tribute to her father, who died Wednesday The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Facebook - Cheney poised to be ousted; Biden to host big meeting Senate panel deadlocks in vote on sweeping elections bill MORE (D-Minn.) receiving the most at $10,000, according to data from the Center for Responsive Politics.

Klobuchar, a contender for running mate for Biden, has received $15,000 from police union and law enforcement PACs since she’s been in the Senate, second only to Leahy, who has received $21,250.

Leahy’s office did not respond to a request for comment.

“Senator Klobuchar has a long record of working on justice reforms and police accountability. As a prosecutor she pushed for police accountability reforms such as videotaped interrogations and publicly supported outside investigations for police officers,” a spokesperson for Klobuchar told The Hill. 

The FOP has not endorsed a presidential candidate this cycle, but it endorsed Trump in September 2016 for that year’s race after not endorsing now-Sen. Mitt RomneyWillard (Mitt) Mitt RomneyRomney: Capitol riot was 'an insurrection against the Constitution' Immigration experts say GOP senators questioned DHS secretary with misleading chart Top border officials defend Biden policies MORE (R-Utah) when he was the GOP presidential nominee in 2012. 

FOP did not respond to The Hill’s request for information on further plans for contributions or endorsements in 2020. 

Presumptive Democratic nominee Joe BidenJoe BidenBiden's quiet diplomacy under pressure as Israel-Hamas fighting intensifies Overnight Defense: Administration approves 5M arms sale to Israel | Biden backs ceasefire in call with Netanyahu | Military sexual assault reform push reaches turning point CDC mask update sparks confusion, opposition MORE has not received any police union endorsements this cycle. 

As of April, law enforcement officers had individually contributed to more than $70,000 to Biden’s campaign, compared to $62,000 for Trump, according to the Center for Responsive Politics.