Well-Being Prevention & Cures

Early intervention can help treat peanut allergies in young children, study says

(Tanawut Punketnakorn/iStock)

Story at a glance

  • A new study on children with peanut allergies was published in the journal Lancet.
  • The study found that early intervention for treating young children with peanut allergies can help them significantly lessen or fully-overcome their allergy.
  • About 2.5 percent of children in the U.S. suffer from a peanut allergy.

A new study has found that early intervention for treating young children with peanut allergies can help them significantly lessen or fully-overcome their allergy. 

Researchers behind the study published in the journal Lancet gave increasing amounts of peanut protein powder to children with peanut allergies ranging from ages from 12 to 4 years old for 134 weeks. At this point, three-quarters of the children given the therapy were able to tolerate exposure of up to 16 peanuts without having an allergic reaction.  

Following 26 weeks of avoiding exposure to the allergen altogether after the therapy, one-fifth still had the same exposure tolerance. 

“In children with a peanut allergy, initiation of peanut oral immunotherapy before age 4 years was associated with an increase in both desensitization and remission,” the researchers wrote. 


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There is a similar existing treatment for children with peanut allergies, however, the treatment is only applicable for children 4 years and older.  

Further, the approved treatment only provides protection for small-scale accidental exposures and still advocates for the avoidance of the nuts, as well as having an EpiPen or other medication on-hand in the event of such an exposure.  

About 2.5 percent of children in the U.S. suffer from a peanut allergy. 


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