Full interview: Former New Orleans mayor Mitch Landrieu speaks out on Confederate monuments and Donald Trump

Mitch Landrieu, the former Democratic mayor of New Orleans, provoked controversy last year when he decided to move several Confederate monuments in his city. While many residents welcomed the idea, several others were angered by what they said was an erasure of history.

In an interview broadcast Thursday, Landrieu discussed the episode with Hill.TV's Jamal Simmons in the context of his new book, "In the Shadow of Statues: A White Southerner Confronts History" which discusses race and the American experience as well as the history of the monuments, including how many of them were erected as protests to federal anti-segregation efforts.

Landrieu also discussed President TrumpDonald TrumpEx-DOJ official Rosenstein says he was not aware of subpoena targeting Democrats: report Ex-Biden adviser says Birx told him she hoped election turned out 'a certain way' Cheney rips Arizona election audit: 'It is an effort to subvert democracy' MORE and whether he can be accused of being racist.

"That’s a harsh thing to call somebody so rather than me calling him that, I think that you can look at a person’s words and actions and those words and actions reflect what’s in their heart," he said. "When you speak about a people in a racial way, when you discriminate against people based on race, creed, color, sexual orientation, nation of origin, that is really, in essence the definition of what racism and hatred is."