Progressives prefer Biden to Sanders in hypothetical 2020 Trump matchup, new poll shows

Registered voters who say they have a "strong liberal" ideology prefer former Vice President Joe Biden to Sen. Bernie SandersBernie SandersManchin meets with Sanders, Jayapal amid spending stalemate America can end poverty among its elderly citizens Senate GOP signals they'll help bail out Biden's Fed chair MORE (I-Vt.) in a hypothetical 2020 matchup against President TrumpDonald TrumpTrump goes after Cassidy after saying he wouldn't support him for president in 2024 Jan. 6 panel lays out criminal contempt case against Bannon Hillicon Valley — Presented by Xerox — Agencies sound alarm over ransomware targeting agriculture groups MORE, according to a new poll.

The Hill-HarrisX daily poll, conducted Dec. 16-17, found that 83 percent of self-identified progressives prefer Biden, compared to 75 percent who picked Sanders. Rep. Beto O'RourkeBeto O'RourkeSupport for governors sliding in states without vaccine mandates: survey Abbott bans vaccine mandates from any 'entity in Texas' Abbott disapproval rating up 8 points to 59 percent in San Antonio area: poll MORE (D-Texas) was the top choice for 66 percent of "strong liberal" respondents.

Biden also received greater support from Democratic respondents as a whole, receiving 76 percent of the group's share against Trump compared to the 70 percent that the Vermont senator received.

Among all voters, Biden defeated Trump 42 percent to 36 percent, outside the poll's 3.1 percent sampling margin of error. Sanders edged the president 38 percent to 37 percent, and O'Rourke lost 30 percent to 37 percent. Biden also fared best among voters who said they lean liberal or are moderate.

(The poll did not measure how other potential Democratic candidates might do in a contest with Trump.)

Name recognition is considered the predominant factor this early in the election cycle -- former Secretary of State Hillary ClintonHillary Diane Rodham ClintonOvernight Defense & National Security — Presented by Raytheon Technologies — Nation mourns Colin Powell The Memo: Powell ended up on losing side of GOP fight Powell death leads to bipartisan outpouring of grief MORE was the front runner in 2008 before losing the Democratic nomination to President Obama -- but establishing credibility and being seen as a first-tier candidate who can appeal to various demographic groups is also vitally important.

"The real thing that Democrats are going to be debating about is this issue of who is the turnout maximizing candidate for the Democrats, who is going to get the base of the party most excited versus who can appeal to more swingish voters in key states like those industrial Midwest states that the Democrats lost in 2016," Ruy Teixeira, a political analyst with the left-leaning Center for American Progress, said Friday on Hill.TV's "What America's Thinking."

With the 2020 primaries more than a year away, rival candidates can use that time to chip away at Biden's progressive bona fides. Sanders is likely to be one of Biden's toughest critics if both men decide to pursue the presidency. In 2016, Biden took a veiled swipe at the Vermont senator, saying at an economic conference that America doesn't need socialism.

"One thing that I think the Democrats did really well in the congressional elections this past cycle is that they ran a lot of people who didn't have voting records. And when you don't have a voting record, it's a lot more difficult to attack someone," Republican pollster Jim Hobart said on "What America's Thinking."

"Someone like Vice President BidenJoe BidenJan. 6 panel lays out criminal contempt case against Bannon Overnight Energy & Environment — Presented by the American Petroleum Institute — Democrats address reports that clean energy program will be axed Two House Democrats to retire ahead of challenging midterms MORE, he's got a long voting record," Hobart added. "And I think the first people who are going to take advantage of that are Democrats in the primary."

—Matthew Sheffield

Note: This article has been updated to include additional information from the poll.