Former Vice President Joe BidenJoe BidenSunday shows preview: Coronavirus dominates as country struggles with delta variant Did President Biden institute a vaccine mandate for only half the nation's teachers? Democrats lean into vaccine mandates ahead of midterms MORE (D) is atop the field of Democratic presidential candidates in most polls, but a new survey finds that many of his supporters would be willing to back his top rival, Sen. Bernie SandersBernie SandersSunday shows preview: Coronavirus dominates as country struggles with delta variant Democrats urge Biden to commute sentences of 4K people on home confinement Briahna Joy Gray: Push toward major social spending amid pandemic was 'short-lived' MORE (I-Vt.).
A Hill-HarrisX poll released Wednesday found that 27 percent of registered voters who support Biden said Sanders was their second pick to become the Democratic nominee.
He was followed by Sen. Kamala HarrisKamala HarrisRepublicans caught in California's recall trap Harris facilitates coin toss at Howard University football game Far-right rally draws small crowd, large police presence at Capitol MORE (D-Calif.), with 15 percent of Biden backers saying she was their second choice. Former Rep. Beto O'RourkeBeto O'RourkeTexas Democrat to filibuster GOP elections bill Lawmakers must also serve as community organizers O'Rourke mum on run for Texas governor MORE (D-Texas) garnered 11 percent and South Bend, Ind., Mayor Pete ButtigiegPete ButtigiegOn The Money — Presented by Wells Fargo — Pelosi plows full speed ahead on jam-packed agenda Blumenthal calls on Buttigieg to investigate American Airlines-JetBlue partnership LGBT film festival to premiere documentary about Pete Buttigieg MORE (D) received 10 percent.
In the single digits were Sen. Elizabeth WarrenElizabeth WarrenFederal Reserve officials' stock trading sparks ethics review Manchin keeps Washington guessing on what he wants Warren, Daines introduce bill honoring 13 killed in Kabul attack MORE (D-Mass.), at 8 percent; Sen. Kirsten GillibrandKirsten GillibrandHochul tells Facebook to 'clean up the act' on abortion misinformation after Texas law Democratic senators request probe into Amazon's treatment of pregnant employees The FBI comes up empty-handed in its search for a Jan. 6 plot MORE (D-N.Y.), with 7 percent; and Sen. Cory BookerCory BookerDOJ announces agencywide limits on chokeholds and no-knock entries Fighting poverty, the Biden way Top Senate Democrats urge Biden to take immediate action on home confinement program MORE (D-N.J.), at 6 percent.
Other polls have seen similar results.
An April 29-May 5 survey of 15,770 likely Democratic primary voters conducted by Morning Consult found that 31 percent of Biden supporters said Sanders was their backup choice. Harris was named by 13 percent, followed by Warren's 10 percent.
Before Biden entered the race, an April 12-15 poll from Change Research, a left-leaning group, found that Sanders gained 6 percentage points of support when the former vice president was excluded from the questionnaire seen by respondents. O'Rourke gained 5 points, while Buttigieg saw a 4-point increase.
An April 11-15 survey conducted by Monmouth University found that Sanders gained 7 points without Biden, with Harris and Warren each gaining 3 points.
The level of support among Biden backers for the further-left Sanders suggests Democratic voters don't neatly align in discrete demographic or ideological "lanes," Ruy Teixeira, a senior fellow at the Center for American Progress Action Fund, said Wednesday on Hill.TV's "What America's Thinking."
"The whole business with lanes can be quite exaggerated, particularly if we're thinking about the actual voters as opposed to the people analyzing the voters," he told host Jamal Simmons. "They have a more broad, more disparate sense of preferences, and the electability thing sort of gets plugged in there for a lot of Democrats who are sick of Trump."
To the extent that discrete groupings exist among dedicated party activists or large donors, the challenge for candidates seeking to dislodge Biden is to find a way to expand their appeal beyond their initial constituencies, Teixeira said.
"What you want to do is attract people across these so-called lanes," he said. "That's why Biden's doing so well at this point: He's taking people from all the lanes."
But expanding their support base may prove difficult with more than 20 contenders in the race, Republican pollster Ed Goeas told Simmons.
"American voters like to choose between two candidates," the veteran GOP strategist said.
"That is the one complicating factor you have now with Sanders and Biden both very high on name ID; they may be crowding out the second choice and certainly the data shows that's what's happening," Goeas said.
The Hill-HarrisX survey was conducted May 3-4 among 440 Democratic and independent voters who leaned toward the Democratic Party. The survey has a 95 percent confidence level and a 4.7 percent sampling margin of error.
The second choice analysis is based on a subset of 203 respondents who said Biden was their first choice. The sampling margin of error for the subset is 6.9 percent.