President ObamaBarack Hussein ObamaA needed warning for Yemen's rebels — and for our allies and enemies alike What Joe Biden can learn from Harry Truman's failed steel seizure Biden: A good coach knows when to change up the team MORE on Tuesday urged Jewish groups to back the Iran nuclear deal in the face of mounting pressure from Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin NetanyahuBenjamin (Bibi) NetanyahuMORE and other vocal opponents of the accord.
The president met with nearly two dozen leaders from major Jewish organizations, both for and against the deal, for more than two hours at the White House.
Obama made the case the deal would cut off Tehran’s path to a nuclear weapon and reassured them the U.S. would protect Israel’s security, the White House said.
Multiple leaders who participated in the meeting described the tone as “serious” but were not sure whether the president’s sales pitch changed any minds.
Some participants confronted the president over his saying that opponents of the deal favor going to war with Iran.
“There was a concern about the argument being made that ‘if you’re not for the deal, you’re for war,’ ” said one attendee who declined to be identified because of the private nature of the meeting. “People in Israel feel that’s a very incendiary charge.”
Obama told the leaders he will “try to be careful” how he frames that argument but said he believes the U.S. would need to take swift military action against Iran’s nuclear facilities if the deal unravels.
Obama went through the details agreement and, one by one, sought to debunk opponents’ arguments against it, according to another source with knowledge of the meeting.
The president spent the vast majority of the time taking questions from the leaders in the room, the source said. He was joined by Vice President Biden, National Security Adviser Susan Rice and Deputy National Security Adviser Ben Rhodes.
The closed-door meeting highlights Obama's ramped-up sales pitch to Jewish leaders, many of whom have sided with Netanyahu against the agreement.
It comes on the same day Netanyahu issued a dire warning about the deal directly to American Jews.
“The nuclear deal with Iran doesn’t block Iran’s path to the bomb. It actually paves Iran’s path to the bomb,” he said on a webcast organized by major North American Jewish federations. “Worse, it gives Iran two paths to a bomb: Iran can get to a bomb by keeping the deal or Iran can get to the deal by violating the deal.”
While the meeting was not scheduled to counter Netanyahu, White House press secretary Josh Earnest said it would give Obama the chance to make a “blunt, direct case” that he is wrong.
“Prime Minister Netanyahu has had ample opportunity to make public his views of this particular situation,” he said. “The president believes it is in the national security interests of our closest ally in the region, Israel, to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon through diplomacy.”
Winning support for the deal — or tamping down opposition — among Jewish groups is critical for Obama. Many of the organizations have ties on Capitol Hill, where the administration is looking to halt an effort to reject the accord.
More then a dozen groups on both sides of the debate participated in Tuesday’s huddle.
The American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), J Street, the American Jewish Committee, the Anti-Defamation League, the Jewish Federations of North America and the National Jewish Democratic Council were among those that attended.
Representatives from all three major Jewish movements, the Orthodox Union, the conservative Rabbinical Assembly and the Union of Reform Judaism also participated.
The White House and Jewish groups opposed to the deal are targeting Democratic lawmakers, whom Obama needs in order to uphold a potential veto of a resolution to disapprove of the agreement.
The Obama administration is confident it has enough votes to sustain a veto, but both sides are engaging in a furious lobbying effort over the August recess to sway undecided members ahead of an expected vote in September.
A group funded by AIPAC and others is expected to spend at least $20 million on television ads against the deal.
And 22 House Democrats on Monday will travel to Israel on a trip sponsored by an AIPAC offshoot, where they will meet with Netanyahu.
Obama last week urged his supporters to speak up for the deal, warning them some Democrats have become “squishy” due to a “well-financed” campaign from the other side.
Supporters of the deal have begun to ramp up their sales pitch to Jewish lawmakers and the public. J Street, an Israel advocacy group aligned with Obama, launched a $5 million ad campaign Tuesday arguing the accord makes the U.S. and Israel safer.
Vice President Biden defended the deal during a call with Jewish leaders late last month, soon after it was finalized. And administration officials have been in constant contact with groups for weeks.
Obama also had a similar meeting with Jewish leaders and donors in April, before a framework agreement was reached.
The White House is confident their efforts are paying off. Officials point to a Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles poll showing a 48 percent plurality of American Jews back the agreement.
Two influential Jewish Democrats, Reps. Sandy Levin (Mich.) and Adam Schiff (Calif.) have recently voiced support for the deal.
But many Jewish lawmakers are lining up against the deal too. In a blow to Obama, Reps. Steve IsraelSteven (Steve) J. IsraelRedistricting reform key to achieving the bipartisanship Americans claim to want Biden seeks to avoid referendum with sharp attacks on GOP Stopping the next insurrection MORE (D-N.Y.), Ted Deutch (D-Fla.) and Nita Lowey (D-N.Y.) announced their opposition on Tuesday.
Other Jewish heavy hitters in Congress, such as Sen. Chuck Schumer (D-N.Y.), remain undecided.
A poll by the Israel Project, which opposes the deal, shows 47 percent of Jews disapprove of the agreement, while 44 percent are in favor.
Julian Hattem contributed.
— Updated at 9:00 p.m.