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The Hill's Syria Whip List: Obama seeks to turn tide with House, public (video)

President Obama is facing steep opposition in the House to a military strike against Syria. 

Dozens of Republicans oppose Obama's request for authorization of a military strike. They have been joined by more than 30 Democrats who say they would vote against or are leaning toward voting against a strike. 

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Prospects in the Senate are better, but there is no guarantee the White House will prevail there either. 

Public opinion is against the president. Several polls show more voters oppose intervening in Syria than support a strike, even if it is to punish that country for the use of chemical weapons. 

Obama is trying to turn around public opinion with a media offensive and will address the nation Tuesday night from the Oval Office. But it is unclear whether it will be possible for him to turn the numbers around in the House and Senate. 

The following is the The Hill's Whip List on Syria.

Recent updates: Rep. Joe Courtney (D-Conn.), Sen. Heidi HeitkampMary (Heidi) Kathryn HeitkampThe Hill's Morning Report - Sponsored by JobsOhio - Showdown: Trump-Biden debate likely to be nasty Senate Democrats want to avoid Kavanaugh 2.0 Harris faces pivotal moment with Supreme Court battle MORE (D-N.D.), Rep. Reid RibbleReid James RibbleFormer Sen. Tom Coburn dies at 72 Ex-GOP lawmakers side with NY in Supreme Court case over Trump tax returns Former GOP lawmakers, officials ask court to enforce House subpoena on McGahn MORE (R-Wis.), Rep. Billy Long (R-Mo.), Rep. Tulsi GabbardTulsi GabbardHarris faces biggest moment in spotlight yet Ocasio-Cortez slams Tulsi Gabbard for amplifying ballot harvesting video Republicans call on DOJ to investigate Netflix over 'Cuties' film MORE (D-Hawaii), Rep. Rodney FrelinghuysenRodney Procter FrelinghuysenBottom line Republican lobbying firms riding high despite uncertainty of 2020 race Ex-Rep. Frelinghuysen joins law and lobby firm MORE (R-N.J.), Sen. Elizabeth WarrenElizabeth WarrenJustice Department charges Google with illegally maintaining search monopoly Overnight Health Care: Trump takes criticism of Fauci to a new level | GOP Health Committee chairman defends Fauci | Birx confronted Pence about Atlas Senate Democrats call for ramped up Capitol coronavirus testing MORE (D-Mass.), Sen. Debbie StabenowDeborah (Debbie) Ann StabenowHealthcare, retirement security seen as top issues for older voters, lawmakers say Dems to focus on issues, not character, at Barrett hearings Lobbying world MORE (D-Mich.), Sen. Kelly AyotteKelly Ann AyotteThe Hill's Morning Report - Sponsored by Facebook - Senate makes SCOTUS nominee Barrett a proxy for divisive 2020 Senate Republicans scramble to put Trump at arm's length GOP anxiety grows over Trump political roller coaster MORE (R-N.H.), Rep. Loretta Sanchez (D-Calif.), Rep. John YarmuthJohn Allen YarmuthPelosi, Democrats unveil bills to rein in alleged White House abuses of power GOP, White House struggle to unite behind COVID-19 relief House seeks ways to honor John Lewis MORE (D-Ky.), Sen. Mark PryorMark Lunsford PryorCoronavirus poses risks for Trump in 2020 Tom Cotton's only Democratic rival quits race in Arkansas Medicaid rollback looms for GOP senators in 2020 MORE (D-Ark.), Rep. Brett GuthrieSteven (Brett) Brett GuthrieVaccine development process is safe, claims of the contrary are baseless Ignore the misinformation: The FDA will ensure the safety of any COVID-19 vaccine House Republicans introduce legislation to give states 0 million for elections MORE (R-Ky.), Rep. Lamar Smith (R-Texas), Sen. John HoevenJohn Henry HoevenDavis: The Hall of Shame for GOP senators who remain silent on Donald Trump Bottom line Bipartisan senators seek funding for pork producers forced to euthanize livestock MORE (R-N.D.), Sen. Mike CrapoMichael (Mike) Dean CrapoBarrett says she did not strike down ObamaCare in moot court case GOP Sen. Thom Tillis tests positive for coronavirus 22 GOP attorneys general urge Congress to confirm Barrett as Supreme Court justice MORE (R-Idaho), Rep. Phil GingreyJohn (Phil) Phillip GingreyEx-Tea Party lawmakers turn heads on K Street 2017's top health care stories, from ObamaCare to opioids Beating the drum on healthcare MORE (R-Ga.), Rep. Richard Hudson (R-N.C.), Rep. Lynn Westmoreland (R-Ga.), Sen. Al FrankenAlan (Al) Stuart FrankenTed Cruz mocks Al Franken over 'I Hate Ted Cruz Pint Glass' GOP Senate candidate says Trump, Republicans will surprise in Minnesota Peterson faces fight of his career in deep-red Minnesota district MORE (D-Minn.), Rep. Vicky Hartzler (R-Mo.), Sen. Charles SchumerChuck SchumerSchumer says he had 'serious talk' with Feinstein, declines to comment on Judiciary role Democrats seem unlikely to move against Feinstein Trump to lift Sudan terror sponsor designation MORE (D-N.Y.), Rep. Blake FarentholdRandolph (Blake) Blake FarentholdThe biggest political upsets of the decade Members spar over sexual harassment training deadline Female Dems see double standard in Klobuchar accusations MORE (R-Texas.), Rep. Grace Napolitano (D-Calif.), Rep. Steven Cohen (D-Tenn.), Rep. Stephen Lynch (D-Mass.), Rep. Fred Upton (R-Mich.), Rep. Bob Gibbs (R-Ohio), Rep. Chaka Fattah (D-Pa.), Rep. John Larson (D-Conn.) and Rep. John Lewis (D-Ga.).

— Last updated on Sept. 9 at 12:40 p.m.


YES/LEANING YES

Senate (26) (17 Democrats, 9 Republicans)

Kelly Ayotte (R-N.H.) — Comments suggest she is a yes though wants an international coalition.

Barbara BoxerBarbara Levy BoxerThe Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Facebook - Biden, Harris launch Trump offensive in first joint appearance Bottom line Polls show big bounce to Biden ahead of Super Tuesday MORE (D-Calif.) — Remarks at Tuesday's hearing indicate she will vote yes. Boxer voted against the Iraq War.

Richard BurrRichard Mauze BurrAs Trump downplayed the virus publicly, memo based on private briefings sparked stock sell-offs: NYT Hillicon Valley: Subpoenas for Facebook, Google and Twitter on the cards | Wray rebuffs mail-in voting conspiracies | Reps. raise mass surveillance concerns Bipartisan representatives demand answers on expired surveillance programs MORE (R-N.C.) — Supports resolution, according to the newsobserver.com.

Ben CardinBenjamin (Ben) Louis CardinPelosi hopeful COVID-19 relief talks resume 'soon' Congress must finish work on popular conservation bill before time runs out PPP application window closes after coronavirus talks deadlock  MORE (D-Md.) — Leaning yes.

Tom CarperThomas (Tom) Richard CarperOVERNIGHT ENERGY: Democrats allege EPA plans to withhold funding from 'anarchist' cities | Montana asks court to throw out major public lands decisions after ousting BLM director | It's unknown if fee reductions given to oil producers prevented shutdowns Democrats allege EPA plans to withhold funding from 'anarchist' cities Energy innovation bill can deliver jobs and climate progress MORE (D-Del.) — Said he's "inclined to support" the president.

Bob CaseyRobert (Bob) Patrick CaseyHealthcare, retirement security seen as top issues for older voters, lawmakers say The Hill's Morning Report - Sponsored by Goldman Sachs - Two weeks out, Trump attempts to rally the base Senate Democrats call for ramped up Capitol coronavirus testing MORE Jr. (D-Pa.) — Said Saturday that it's in the U.S. interest to respond to most recent chemical attack. 

Saxby ChamblissClarence (Saxby) Saxby ChamblissLobbying world GOP lobbyist tapped for White House legislative affairs The Hill's Morning Report - Gillibrand drops out as number of debaters shrinks MORE (R-Ga.) — Said Saturday a "red line" was crossed a long time ago, and the U.S. "must respond."

Chris CoonsChristopher (Chris) Andrew CoonsSchumer says he had 'serious talk' with Feinstein, declines to comment on Judiciary role Durbin signals he isn't interested in chairing Judiciary Committee Push to expand Supreme Court faces Democratic buzzsaw MORE (D-Del.) — Said on MSNBC he's "inclined" to support the president but made clear that he is not a firm yes.

Bob CorkerRobert (Bob) Phillips CorkerCornyn: Relationships with Trump like 'women who get married and think they're going to change their spouse' Trump excoriates Sasse over leaked audio Has Congress captured Russia policy? MORE (R-Tenn.) — Remarks suggest he will vote yes.

Dick DurbinRichard (Dick) Joseph DurbinSchumer says he had 'serious talk' with Feinstein, declines to comment on Judiciary role Durbin signals he isn't interested in chairing Judiciary Committee Democrats seem unlikely to move against Feinstein MORE (D-Ill.) — Voted in favor of resolution in committee. 

Dianne FeinsteinDianne Emiel FeinsteinSchumer says he had 'serious talk' with Feinstein, declines to comment on Judiciary role Democratic senators introduce bill to constrain F-35 sales to UAE Durbin signals he isn't interested in chairing Judiciary Committee MORE (D-Calif.) — Said before Obama's request for congressional authorization that the world could not let such a heinous attack pass without meaningful response.

Jeff FlakeJeffrey (Jeff) Lane FlakeOne of life's great mysteries: Why would any conservative vote for Biden? Trump excoriates Sasse over leaked audio Biden holds 8-point lead over Trump in Arizona: poll MORE (R-Ariz.) — Voted in favor of resolution in committee.

Al Franken (D-Minn.) — Says he is leaning toward action because the U.S. needs to demonstrate chemical weapons can't be used.

Lindsey GrahamLindsey Olin GrahamDemocratic Senate campaign arm outraises GOP counterpart in September Hug or heresy? The left's attack on Dianne Feinstein is a sad sign of our times Democrats seem unlikely to move against Feinstein MORE (R-S.C.) — Working closely with the White House on Syria.

Kay HaganKay Ruthven HaganThe Hill's Campaign Report: Democratic Unity Taskforce unveils party platform recommendations Democrats awash with cash in battle for Senate The Hill's Campaign Report: Trump's job approval erodes among groups that powered his 2016 victory MORE (D-N.C.) — Said chemical attack requires "a strong response that will prevent this from happening again."

Johnny IsaksonJohnny IsaksonQAnon-promoter Marjorie Taylor Greene endorses Kelly Loeffler in Georgia Senate bid Biden up by 7 points in Georgia: survey Loeffler tweets edited video showing Trump taking down coronavirus in wrestling match MORE (R-Ga.) — Said he supports military action.

Tim KaineTimothy (Tim) Michael KaineDemocrats have no case against Amy Coney Barrett — but that won't stop them Pence-Harris debate draws more than 50M viewers, up 26 percent from 2016 Five takeaways from the vice presidential debate MORE (D-Va.) — Voted in favor of resolution in committee. 

Mark KirkMark Steven KirkThe Hill's Morning Report - Sponsored by Facebook - Senate makes SCOTUS nominee Barrett a proxy for divisive 2020 Senate Republicans scramble to put Trump at arm's length Liberal veterans group urges Biden to name Duckworth VP MORE (R-Ill.) — On Facebook, said he'd support "a narrow authorization for a missile strike targeting those responsible for using chemical weapons."

Carl LevinCarl Milton LevinMichigan to pay 0M to victims of Flint water crisis Unintended consequences of killing the filibuster Inspector general independence must be a bipartisan priority in 2020 MORE (D-Mich.) — Armed Services Committee chairman says he'll back resolution.

Robert MenendezRobert (Bob) MenendezWatchdog confirms State Dept. canceled award for journalist who criticized Trump Kasie Hunt to host lead-in show for MSNBC's 'Morning Joe' Senators ask for removal of tariffs on EU food, wine, spirits: report MORE (D-N.J.) — Foreign Relations panel chairman is working on the measure.

John McCainJohn Sidney McCainDemocrats seem unlikely to move against Feinstein Biden and Schumer face battles with left if Democrats win big Trump digs in on conspiracy theory over bin Laden raid MORE (R-Ariz.) — Voted in favor of resolution in committee. 

Bill NelsonClarence (Bill) William NelsonSenate Democrats want to avoid Kavanaugh 2.0 Democrats sound alarm on possible election chaos Trump, facing trouble in Florida, goes all in MORE (D-Fla.) — Has called on the president to act before Congress votes.

Harry ReidHarry Mason ReidDemocrats seem unlikely to move against Feinstein The Memo: Biden stays slow and steady in face of criticism Bottom Line MORE (D-Nev.) — Senate majority leader backs the president.

Jeanne ShaheenCynthia (Jeanne) Jeanne ShaheenJustice indicts two members of ISIS 'Beatles' cell ISIS militants expected to be sent to US for prosecution: report New Hampshire poll finds Biden up 8 points over Trump MORE (D-N.H.) — Voted in favor of resolution in committee.

Charles Schumer (D-N.Y.) — Will support measure approved by Foreign Relations Committee.

Debbie Stabenow (D-Mich.) — "Clear evidence" and "very high probability they will be used again."

YES/LEANING YES

House (31) (21 Democrats, 10 Republicans)

John BoehnerJohn Andrew BoehnerPelosi and Trump go a full year without speaking Jordan vows to back McCarthy as leader even if House loses more GOP seats On The Trail: How Trump lost the law and order debate MORE (R-Ohio) — Speaker to support military action in big boost for Obama.

Xavier BecerraXavier BecerraCalifornia Republicans agree not to use unofficial ballot drop boxes Schwarzenegger: California GOP has gone 'off the rails' with unofficial ballot boxes California GOP won't comply with order on unofficial ballot drop boxes MORE (D-Calif.) — Fourth-ranking House Democrat tells MSNBC on Sept. 5 he's told White House he'd support a vote authorizing a limited strike.

Corrine BrownCorrine BrownFormer Florida rep sentenced to five years in prison for fraud, tax evasion Genuine veteran charities face a challenge beating the fakes Former Florida rep found guilty of tax evasion, fraud MORE (D-Fla.) — Leaning yes.

Eric CantorEric Ivan CantorSpanberger's GOP challenger raises over .8 million in third quarter The Hill's Campaign Report: Florida hangs in the balance Eric Cantor teams up with former rival Dave Brat in supporting GOP candidate in former district MORE (R-Va.) — BoehnerJohn Andrew BoehnerPelosi and Trump go a full year without speaking Jordan vows to back McCarthy as leader even if House loses more GOP seats On The Trail: How Trump lost the law and order debate MORE's second in command also backs strike.

Joaquín Castro (D-Texas) — Says he is open to idea of strikes but wants to review evidence.

Gerry ConnollyGerald (Gerry) Edward ConnollyIRS closes in on final phase of challenging tax season Virginia voter registration website back up after outage on last day to register Judge issues nationwide injunction against Postal Service changes MORE (D-Va.) — Tweeted Monday that the evidence of a chemical attack is strong. He is working with Rep. Chris Van Hollen (D-Md.) on a resolution. His constituents are against it, Connolly conceded to The Washington Post.

Tom CottonTom Bryant CottonBarrett fight puts focus on abortion in 2020 election COVID outbreak threatens GOP's Supreme Court plans This week: Coronavirus complicates Senate's Supreme Court fight MORE (R-Ark.) — Senate candidate co-wrote an op-ed with Rep. Mike Pompeo (R-Kan.) that argues for a "yes" vote.

Ted Deutch (D-Fla.) — Said on Twitter that he stands behind Obama's call for a "targeted and limited response."

Keith Ellison (D-Minn.) — Reportedly said he's not a "pure pacifist."

Eliot Engel (D-N.Y.) — The top Democrat on the Foreign Affairs Committee backs the president.

Bill FosterGeorge (Bill) William FosterBritain to infect healthy individuals with coronavirus for vaccine trials Pelosi, Mnuchin continue COVID-19 talks amid dwindling odds for deal Democrats press Azar on COVID-19 efforts at testy hearing shortly after Trump tests positive MORE (D-Ill.) — Leaning yes.

Alcee Hastings (D-Fla.) — Leaning yes.

Steny Hoyer (D-Md.) — Second-ranking House Dem tweeted Friday that he agreed with the White House that the use of chemical weapons by Syria was unacceptable.

Steve Israel (D-N.Y.) — Dem campaign chief trying to round up support, according to Newsday.

Pete King (R-N.Y.) — His office says King supports a Syria authorization.

Adam Kinzinger (R-Ill.) — Says he's amazed colleagues want to "paralyze ourselves into inaction."

John Kline (R-Minn.) — "...the world is watching."

Sandy Levin (D-Mich.) — Has publicly backed the president.

Luke Messer (R-Ind.) — At House hearing on Sept. 4, said if he had to vote today, he'd vote yes. He has stressed the president should abide by Congress' decision. Otherwise, there will be "a constitutional crisis."

Jim MoranJames (Jim) Patrick MoranLawmakers toast Greta Van Susteren's new show Star-studded cast to perform play based on Mueller report DC theatre to host 11-hour reading of the Mueller report MORE (D-Va.) — In a release, Moran said, "Now it is up to one of the most divisive, least productive Congresses in history to authorize an intervention and protect the credibility and viability of a U.S. response to Assad's horrific crimes against humanity." 

Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) — House minority leader will be a crucial player on resolution.

Mike Pompeo (R-Kan.) — Co-wrote an op-ed in The Washington Post arguing for U.S. intervention.

Nick RahallNick Joe RahallWe shouldn't allow politics to impede disaster relief Break the cycle of partisanship with infant, child health care programs Clinton mulls role in 2018 midterms MORE (D-W.Va.)

Mike Rogers (R-Mich.) — Intelligence panel chairman predicts resolution will pass Congress.

Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-Fla.) — Former head of the Foreign Affairs Committee is leaning yes.

Jan Schakowsky (D-Ill.) — Told journalist Lynn Sweet of the Chicago Sun-Times she's "gettable."

Brad Sherman (D-Calif.) — Said the red line is "America's red line."

Eric Swalwell (D-Calif.) — Looks to be leaning yes.

Chris Van Hollen (D-Md.) — Has floated a new resolution that is much narrower than Obama's.

Juan Vargas (D-Calif.) — Supports the president.

Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D-Fla.) — Democratic National Committee chairwoman said on CNN that the "world cannot let such a heinous attack pass without a meaningful response."


NO/LEANING NO

Senate (20) (14 Republicans and 6 Democrats)

John BarrassoJohn Anthony BarrassoHillicon Valley: Senate panel votes to subpoena Big Tech executives | Amazon says over 19,000 workers tested positive for COVID-19 | Democrats demand DHS release report warning of election interference GOP senators call on Trump to oppose nationalizing 5G Energy innovation bill can deliver jobs and climate progress MORE (R-Wyo.) — Voted against resolution in committee.

John BoozmanJohn Nichols BoozmanRomney calls first Trump-Biden debate 'an embarrassment' COVID-19 relief talks look dead until September  Senate GOP hedges on attending Trump's convention amid coronavirus uptick MORE (R-Ark.) — Leaning no.

Mike Crapo (R-Idaho) — "I think that that is a very dangerous step for the president to be taking,” he said, according to an Idaho television station.

Ted CruzRafael (Ted) Edward CruzThe Hill's Morning Report - Sponsored by Goldman Sachs - Two weeks out, Trump attempts to rally the base Senate Republicans offer constitutional amendment to block Supreme Court packing 10 bellwether counties that could signal where the election is headed MORE (R-Texas) — The possible 2016 White House candidate is opposed.

Heidi Heitkamp (D-N.D.) — Believes an alternative way forward for dealing with Assad must be found. Cannot support authorization for strike at this time, according to Sept. 9 statement.

John Hoeven (R-N.D.) — "At this point, I do not support a military strike in Syria - North Dakotans and the American people don't support it," he tweeted.

James InhofeJames (Jim) Mountain InhofeHouse Democrat optimistic defense bill will block Trump's Germany withdrawal EPA gives Oklahoma authority over many tribal environmental issues GOP lawmakers gloomy, back on defense after debate fiasco MORE (R-Okla.) — The ranking member of the Armed Services Committee disagrees with Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.), says he cannot support action because of budget cuts.

Ron JohnsonRonald (Ron) Harold JohnsonSunday shows preview: Coronavirus cases surge in the Midwest; Trump hits campaign trail after COVID-19 Cuomo signs legislation declaring Juneteenth an official holiday in New York Trailing in polls, Trump campaign resurrects Hunter Biden attacks MORE (R-Wis.) — Voted against resolution in committee.

Mike LeeMichael (Mike) Shumway LeeTed Cruz won't wear mask to speak to reporters at Capitol Michigan Republican isolating after positive coronavirus test Barrett fight puts focus on abortion in 2020 election MORE (R-Utah) — Tea Party leader doesn't believe strike will prevent Syria from using chemical weapons again and worries intervention will bring U.S. deeper into conflict.

Joe ManchinJoseph (Joe) ManchinDemocrats seem unlikely to move against Feinstein Push to expand Supreme Court faces Democratic buzzsaw Harris walks fine line on Barrett as election nears MORE (D-W.Va.) — In Sept. 5 statement, says he believes military action at this time is the wrong course of action.

Jerry MoranGerald (Jerry) MoranLobbying world This World Suicide Prevention Day, let's recommit to protecting the lives of our veterans Hillicon Valley: Zuckerberg acknowledges failure to take down Kenosha military group despite warnings | Election officials push back against concerns over mail-in voting, drop boxes MORE (R-Kan.) — Said U.S. "cannot afford another conflict that taxes our resources without achieving goals that advance American interests." Moran heads the National Republican Senatorial Committee. 

Chris MurphyChristopher (Chris) Scott MurphyOvernight Health Care: Trump takes criticism of Fauci to a new level | GOP Health Committee chairman defends Fauci | Birx confronted Pence about Atlas Senate Democrats call for ramped up Capitol coronavirus testing Senate Democrats seek to alleviate public concern about some results not being available on election night MORE (D-Conn.) — Voted against resolution in committee.

Rand PaulRandal (Rand) Howard PaulMichigan Republican isolating after positive coronavirus test GOP Rep. Mike Bost tests positive for COVID-19 Top Democrats introduce resolution calling for mask mandate, testing program in Senate MORE (R-Ky.) — Possible 2016 White House candidate has been a critic of military intervention in Syria.

Mark Pryor (D-Ark.) — Said until the administration can "prove a compelling national security interest, clearly define a mission that has a definitive end-state and then build a true coalition of allies," he cannot support military action in Syria.

Jim RischJames (Jim) Elroy RischWhy the US should rely more on strategy, not sanctions Davis: The Hall of Shame for GOP senators who remain silent on Donald Trump Senators blast Turkey's move to convert Hagia Sophia back into a mosque MORE (R-Idaho) — "I'm extremely reluctant."

Pat RobertsCharles (Pat) Patrick RobertsSenate GOP's campaign arm releases first ad targeting Bollier in Kansas The Hill's Campaign Report: Trump, Biden hit campaign trail in Florida National Republicans will spend to defend Kansas Senate seat MORE (R-Kan.) — The former Intelligence panel chairman issued a scathing rebuke of Obama, says the president has no exit plan.

Marco RubioMarco Antonio RubioTrump remarks put pressure on Barr Owners of meatpacker JBS to pay 0M fine over foreign bribery charges Questions raised about conflicts of interest around Biden son-in-law MORE (R-Fla.) — Voted against resolution in committee.

Brian Schatz (D-Hawaii) — Says he "concluded that a military strike against Syria is not the answer."

Tom UdallThomas (Tom) Stewart UdallOVERNIGHT ENERGY: Judge tosses land management plans after ousting Pendley from role | Trump says he could out-raise Biden with calls to Wall Street, oil execs | Supreme Court to review Trump border wall funding, asylum policies OVERNIGHT ENERGY: Pendley says court decision ousting him from BLM has had 'no impact' | Court strikes down Obama-era rule targeting methane leaks from public lands drilling | Feds sued over no longer allowing polluters to pay for environmental projects  Pendley says court decision ousting him from BLM has had 'no impact' MORE (D-N.M.) — Voted against resolution in committee.

David VitterDavid Bruce VitterBottom line Lysol, Charmin keep new consumer brand group lobbyist busy during pandemic Bottom line MORE (R-La.) — In a statement on Thursday, says he's concerned getting involved in Syria could make mustering resolve to stop a nuclear Iran "impossible."


NO/LEANING NO

House (144) (109 Republicans, 35 Democrats)

Robert AderholtRobert Brown AderholtLobbying world The Hill's Coronavirus Report: WHO vs. Trump; Bernie's out Bottom line MORE (R-Ala.) — Told 48 News he needs to be convinced there is a direct threat to the U.S., adding he doesn't believe that now.

Justin AmashJustin AmashHillicon Valley: House votes to condemn QAnon | Americans worried about foreign election interference | DHS confirms request to tap protester phones House votes to condemn alleged hysterectomies on migrant women House approves measure condemning QAnon, but 17 Republicans vote against it MORE (R-Mich.) — Firm no.

Michele BachmannMichele Marie BachmannEvangelicals shouldn't be defending Trump in tiff over editorial Mellman: The 'lane theory' is the wrong lane to be in White House backs Stephen Miller amid white nationalist allegations MORE (R-Minn.) — Tweeted that she's "adamantly opposed" to military action.

Andy BarrAndy BarrReclaiming the American Dream Powell, Mnuchin stress limits of current emergency lending programs McConnell holds 12-point lead over Democratic challenger McGrath: poll MORE (R-Ky.) — Leaning no.

Kerry BentivolioKerry BentivolioIndiana Republican: Leaders duped me Reindeer farmer saves 'cromnibus' with yes vote High drama as .1T spending package advances by one vote MORE (R-Mich.) — Opposed.

Gus Bilirakis (R-Fla.) — "I share many of your concerns in engaging in this civil war & will be voting no on the authorization of military force in #Syria," he tweeted.

Marsha BlackburnMarsha BlackburnSenate Judiciary to vote on subpoena for Twitter CEO next week Government efforts to 'fix' social media bias overlooks the destruction of our discourse Trump faces unusual barrier to COVID-19 aid: GOP allies MORE (R-Tenn.) — Tells CBS News on Sept. 4 that it's correct she's leaning no.

Kevin BradyKevin Patrick BradyOn The Money: GOP cool to White House's .6T coronavirus price tag | Company layoffs mount as pandemic heads into fall | Initial jobless claims drop to 837,000 GOP cool to White House's .6T coronavirus price tag The Hill's Morning Report - Fight night: Trump, Biden hurl insults in nasty debate MORE (R-Texas) — Doesn't want to waste resources on "unproductive mission." Believes action "is a mistake."

Paul BrounPaul Collins BrounHundreds apply to fill Isakson's Senate seat in Georgia Joe Lieberman's son running for Senate in Georgia California lawmaker's chief of staff resigns after indictment MORE (R-Ga.) — The Senate candidate told local news site CovNews.com, "I do not believe America should be militarily involved in Syria."

Vern Buchanan (R-Fla.) — Buchanan said on Facebook, "I simply cannot support a military strike that is not vital to America's national security interest."

Larry BucshonLarry Dean BucshonVaccine development process is safe, claims of the contrary are baseless Congress must protect kidney disease patients during the COVID-19 pandemic NIH begins studying hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin as COVID-19 treatment MORE (R-Ind.) — Told local media he's "not sold at all," cites constituent opposition.

Michael BurgessMichael Clifton BurgessRace heats up for top GOP post on powerful Energy and Commerce Committee Hillicon Valley: House votes to condemn QAnon | Americans worried about foreign election interference | DHS confirms request to tap protester phones House approves measure condemning QAnon, but 17 Republicans vote against it MORE (R-Texas) — Says U.S. action in Syria would be very risky.

John Campbell (R-Calif.) — A spokesperson told The Hill he is a no.

Kathy Castor (D-Fla.) — Opposed.

Jason ChaffetzJason ChaffetzThe myth of the conservative bestseller Elijah Cummings, Democratic chairman and powerful Trump critic, dies at 68 House Oversight panel demands DeVos turn over personal email records MORE (R-Utah) — Told The Hill he is leaning no.

Emanuel Cleaver (D-Mo.) — On Sept. 1, he told 41 Action News he would vote no if the vote took place that day.

Tom Cole (R-Okla.) — House deputy whip is leaning no.

Doug Collins (R-Ga.) — Told The Hill he is "a very hard-wing no."

Joe Courtney (D-Conn.) — Has told constituents he is "deeply skeptical."

Kevin Cramer (R-N.D.) — Leaning no.

Rick CrawfordRick CrawfordHouse rebuffs GOP lawmaker's effort to remove references to Democrats in Capitol LWCF modernization: Restoring the promise Republicans score procedural victory on Democrats' infrastructure bill MORE (R-Ark.) — Tweeted Saturday it was imperative that Obama explore alternatives. 

John Culberson (R-Texas) — A firm no. In a Sept. 5 statement said U.S. has no business supporting either side in Syria's civil war. Will encourage colleagues to vote no unless Israel is threatened.

Rodney Davis (R-Ill.) — Leaning no, according to the Chicago Sun-Times.

Peter DeFazio (D-Ore.) — Told local outlet he's not yet convinced and has many questions. Remarks indicate a leaning no.

Scott DesJarlais (R-Tenn.) — DesJarlais is now a firm no.

Ron DeSantis (R-Fla.) — Said on Sept. 4 he cannot support military authorization at this time.

Lloyd Doggett (D-Texas) — Said on MSNBC he is leaning no.

Tammy Duckworth (D-Ill.) — Iraq War veteran is against military action in Syria.

Sean DuffySean DuffyCNN's Ana Navarro to host Biden roundtable on making 'Trump a one-term president' Bottom line McCarthy blasts Pelosi's comments on Trump's weight MORE (R-Wis.) — Opposed.

Jeff Duncan (R-S.C.) — Firm no.

John Duncan Jr. (R-Tenn.) — Firm no. Says, "I simply do not want to see any young Americans killed in Syria." Duncan was one of the few Republicans who voted against the Iraq War.

Renee Ellmers (R-N.C.) — "I cannot support military action against Syria at this time." 

Blake Farenthold (R-Texas) — In Sept. 6 statement, said he would oppose military action.

Mike Fitzpatrick (R-Pa.) — Questions about whether Syrian action is in national interests haven't been met. Says vote will reflect constituent skepticism.

Sam FarrSamuel (Sam) Sharon FarrMedical marijuana supporters hopeful about government funding bill Marijuana advocates to give away free joints on Capitol Hill DEA decision against reclassifying marijuana ignores public opinion MORE (D-Calif.) — Recent remarks suggest he is leaning no.

Stephen FincherStephen Lee FincherTrump announces, endorses ambassador to Japan's Tennessee Senate bid Lamar Alexander's exit marks end of an era in evolving Tennessee Tensions on immigration erupt in the House GOP MORE (R-Tenn.) — Opposed.

John FlemingJohn Calvin FlemingTrump wants Congress to delay Census deadlines amid pandemic Meadows sets up coronavirus hotline for members of Congress The Hill's Morning Report - Iran strikes US bases in Iraq; Trump to speak today MORE (R-La.) — "As the situation now stands, I will vote against U.S. military action on Syria."

Bill FloresWilliam (Bill) Hose FloresHillicon Valley: House votes to condemn QAnon | Americans worried about foreign election interference | DHS confirms request to tap protester phones House approves measure condemning QAnon, but 17 Republicans vote against it Patient Protection Pledge offers price transparency MORE (R-Texas)

Randy ForbesJames (Randy) Randy ForbesBottom line Selection of Sarah Makin-Acciani shows the commitment to religious liberty Too much ‘can do,’ not enough candor MORE (R-Va.) — Said on Fox News on Sunday that taking military action is not in nation's best interests.

Jeff FortenberryJeffrey (Jeff) Lane FortenberrySave wildlife, save ourselves Lawmakers cry foul as Trump considers retreating from Open Skies Treaty Where do we go from here? Conservation can show the way MORE (R-Neb.) — Opposed.

Rodney Frelinghuysen (R-N.J.) — Has told constituents he is opposed.

Tulsi Gabbard (D-Hawaii) — Iraq War veteran went from undecided to opposed.

John GaramendiJohn Raymond GaramendiWuhan is the final straw: The world needs to divest from China GOP seizes on 'defund the police' to galvanize base Peace Corps faces uncertain future with no volunteers in field MORE (D-Calif.) — Opposed.

Scott GarrettErnest (Scott) Scott GarrettBiz groups take victory lap on Ex-Im Bank Export-Import Bank back to full strength after Senate confirmations Manufacturers support Reed to helm Ex-Im Bank MORE (R-N.J.) — Says the president has not yet convinced the public.

Chris Gibson (R-N.Y.) — Iraq War veteran said on Facebook he urges a no vote.

Bob Gibbs (R-Ohio) — Says Obama hasn't made the case.

Phil Gingrey (R-Ga.) — Chemical weapons use is "reprehensible," but strike would be "imprudent."

Trey GowdyHarold (Trey) Watson GowdySunday shows preview: Election integrity dominates as Nov. 3 nears Tim Scott invokes Breonna Taylor, George Floyd in Trump convention speech Sunday shows preview: Republicans gear up for national convention, USPS debate continues in Washington MORE (R-S.C.) — Firm no.

Alan GraysonAlan Mark GraysonFlorida's Darren Soto fends off Dem challenge from Alan Grayson Live results: Arizona and Florida hold primaries The Hill's Morning Report: Frustration mounts as Republicans blow up tax message MORE (D-Fla.) — Is rallying support against the measure.

Tim GriffinJohn (Tim) Timothy GriffinFlynn discloses lobbying that may have helped Turkey Tea Party class reassesses record Huckabee's daughter to run '16 campaign MORE (R-Ark.) — Said he is a "strong lean no."

Raúl Grijalva (D-Ariz.) — Has publicly said he is opposed.

Michael Grimm (R-N.Y.) — Initially said he backed measure but has shifted to no.

Brett Guthrie (R-Ky.) — A certain no vote unless the Obama administration presents him with "game changing information."

Luis Gutiérrez (D-Ill.) — Leaning no, according to the Chicago Sun-Times.

Janice Hahn (D-Calif.) — Leaning no.

Colleen Hanabusa (D-Hawaii) — A spokesman says Hanabusa leaning "very strongly against it."

Andy Harris (R-Md.) — Leaning no but plans to "examine all of the evidence before making a decision."

Vicky Hartzler (R-Miss.) — Leaning no, according to a recent press release. “I have deep reservations about the wisdom of launching an attack. I also have doubts about U.S. interests in the matter.”

Joe Heck (R-Nev.) — Leaning no.

Brian Higgins (D-N.Y.) — A solid no: "It is not the time for Americans to be subjected to the potential of yet another unwinnable overseas war."  

George Holding (R-N.C.) — "Nothing I heard from [the administration] convinced me it is necessary to send one American soldier into battle."

Mike Honda (D-Calif.) — Appears to be leaning no.

Richard Hudson (R-N.C.) — Said on Twitter he would oppose military action after "thoughtful consideration."

Tim Huelskamp (R-Kan.) — Said on Facebook that he agrees with constituents and sees no evidence of U.S. interests in a Syrian war.

Bill Huizenga (R-Mich.) — "I can't support" military action yet, he said, according to mlive.com.

Randy Hultgren (R-Ill.) — Concerned military action will result in unforeseen consequences. 

Lynn Jenkins (R-Kan.) — Has told constituents she is opposed: "... it is still unclear who is on the other side of this conflict."

Hank Johnson (D-Ga.) — Said he is "deeply skeptical that use of force is in our national interest."

Sam JohnsonSamuel (Sam) Robert JohnsonHouse seeks ways to honor John Lewis Sam Johnson: Fighter for the greater good House pays tribute to late Congressman Sam Johnson on the floor MORE (R-Texas) — The decorated combat veteran has a slew of questions on the mission and appears to be leaning no.

Walter Jones (R-N.C.) — Critic of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan is a firm no.

Jack Kingston (R-Ga.) — Senate candidate told WSAV-TV he is leaning no.

Leonard Lance (R-N.J.) — Lance has told local media outlets he is not convinced on U.S. intervention.

James Lankford (R-Okla.) — The lawmaker, who is close to GOP leaders, is opposed.

Tom Latham (R-Iowa) — Has said the president hasn't made the case for intervention.

Barbara Lee (D-Calif.) — Lee, who voted against the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, is "a strong no," her office states.

Frank LoBiondo (R-N.J.) — Told The Hill on Sept. 5 he is a no at this point.

Billy Long (R-Mo.) — "We should stay out of it."

Cynthia LummisCynthia Marie LummisChamber of Commerce endorses McSally for reelection Cynthia Lummis wins GOP Senate primary in Wyoming Chamber of Commerce endorses Ernst for reelection MORE (R-Wyo.) — Told Wyoming radio station K2 she is opposed.

Stephen Lynch (D-Mass.) — Against military intervention, according to his office.

Kenny Marchant (R-Texas) — “I will not vote for U.S. military intervention in Syria," he said in a statement. "President Obama has not presented Congress enough supporting evidence to overcome my serious reservations about ordering the use of U.S. military forces."

Tom Marino (R-Pa.) — Is "absolutely opposed to any intervention in Syria at this time." 

Thomas Massie (R-Ky.) — Firm no.

Jim MathesonJames (Jim) David MathesonTrump EPA eases standards for coal ash disposal Utah redistricting reform measure likely to qualify for ballot Trump's budget targets affordable, reliable power MORE (D-Utah) — Is opposed, according to ksl.com.

Michael McCaul (R-Texas) — A crucial vote, the Homeland Security Committee chairman on Thursday said if a vote were held that day, he'd vote no.

Tom McClintock (R-Calif.) — A no vote.

Jim McDermottJames (Jim) Adelbert McDermottSondland has 'no intention of resigning,' associate says Three women accuse Gordon Sondland of sexual misconduct Portland hotel chain founded by Trump ambassador says boycott is attack on employees MORE (D-Wash.) — Wants answers to many questions.

James McGovern (D-Mass.) — Sounds more like a no than a yes. Told Radio Boston, "I'm very skeptical. I'm just sick and tired of all these wars." McGovern has said the president should withdraw his request for congressional authorization.

David McKinleyDavid Bennett McKinleyEnergy secretary says pipeline setbacks pose national security issue MLB, Congress play hardball in fight over minor leagues Koch campaign touts bipartisan group behind ag labor immigration bill MORE (R-W.Va.) — Told the Charleston Daily Mail that he is "not comfortable putting Americans in harm's way."

Jerry McNerney (D-Calif.) — Local outlet reports he is leaning no.

Pat Meehan (R-Pa.) — Remarks to Lancaster News, Meehan sounds like a no.

Candice Miller (R-Mich.) — Says the "case has not been made" for action.

Jeff Miller (R-Fla.) — Opposed, according to the Tampa Bay Times.

Markwayne Mullin (R-Okla.) — Cannot support "any U.S. military action or involvement."

Grace Napolitano (D-Calif.) — Told CNN on Sept. 3 the U.S. needs to "stay out of wars" and pay more attention to own backyard.

Rick Nolan (D-Minn.) — Is strongly opposed to a military strike.

Rich Nugent (R-Fla.) — Sent letter to Obama on Friday opposing military intervention.

Devin Nunes (R-Calif.) — Has criticized Obama’s plan as having no “coherence whatsoever.”

Erik Paulsen (R-Minn.) — Minnesota delegation is divided on Syria motion.

Collin Peterson (D-Minn.) — Local media reporting Peterson is inclined to vote no.

Mark PocanMark William PocanThe Hill's Morning Report - Sponsored by Facebook - Barrett touts independence to sidestep confirmation questions Pocan won't seek another term as Progressive Caucus co-chair Poll shows Biden leading Trump, tight House race in key Nebraska district MORE (D-Wis.) — Sounds like a no.

Bill Posey (R-Fla.) — Opposed.

Trey Radel (R-Fla.) — The Hill moved Radel from undecided to leaning no after a Sept. 4 interview on MSNBC.

Charles Rangel (D-N.Y.) — Reiterated his view that the military draft must be reinstated before an attack on Syria.

Tom Reed (R-N.Y.) — Had been undecided. Now leaning no, according to the Buffalo News. Reed cites feedback from constituents.

Jim Renacci (R-Ohio) — Opposed.

Reid Ribble (R-Wis.) — Leaning no.

Scott RigellEdward (Scott) Scott RigellSpanberger's GOP challenger raises over .8 million in third quarter Ex-Rep. Scott Taylor to seek old Virginia seat GOP rushes to embrace Trump MORE (R-Va.) — Leaning no.

Phil Roe (R-Tenn.) — Leaning no.

Dana Rohrabacher (R-Calif.) — Said U.S. shouldn't try to police Syria.

Tom Rooney (R-Fla.) — Unmoved by GOP leadership support, citing feedback from constituents. Rooney, a deputy whip, will vote no.

Dennis Ross (R-Fla.) — After attending Sunday's briefing, said in a statement he doesn't support military force at this time.

Jon Runyan (R-N.J.) — Appears to be leaning no.

Matt SalmonMatthew (Matt) James SalmonCOVID-19's class divide creates new political risks Arizona voters like Kyl but few think he'll stick around Former Sen. Jon Kyl to replace McCain in Senate MORE (R-Ariz.) — Salmon expressed criticism of Syria intervention in a Sept. 4 interview with CNN.

Loretta Sanchez (D-Calif.) — "I’m leaning no. It’s about national security," she said in an interview on NBC's "Meet the Press."

Mark Sanford (R-S.C.) — Told WSAV-TV he is in the "no" column.

Kurt Schrader (D-Ore.) — Appears to be leaning no.

Austin Scott (R-Ga.) — Leaning no. Does not intend to vote for resolution unless he's convinced chemical weapons could be transferred from Syria to Hamas or could be used against Israel.

José Serrano (D-N.Y.) — “I cannot vote in favor of this authorization because I believe that the outcome of strikes on Syria is unpredictable, and unlikely to be in our nation’s interests,” he said in statement.

Carol Shea-Porter (D-N.H.) — "After attending classified and unclassified briefings on Syria and speaking with people across New Hampshire, at this point, I oppose the United States taking military action against the Assad regime in Syria," she said.

John Shimkus (R-Ill.) — Said "I am not convinced that a limited strike against Syria at this time is warranted." 

Chris Smith (R-N.J.) — Says he will vote no but will introduce legislation to create a Syria war crimes tribunal.

Jason Smith (R-Mo.) — "We should not put our men and women in uniform in harm's way without clear objectives and a sensible strategy." 

Lamar Smith (R-Texas) — Appears to be leaning no. At a town-hall meeting, his constituents were overwhelmingly against military intervention in Syria.

Steve Southerland (R-Fla.) — Says an overwhelming number of his constituents are opposed.

Glenn Thompson (R-Pa.) — Said he doesn't see a compelling case for strikes.

Paul Tonko (D-N.Y.) — Looks to be leaning no.

Michael Turner (R-Ohio) — Says he's a no until sequestration is lifted.

Fred Upton (R-Mich.) — The Energy and Commerce Committee chairman is leaning no.

Nydia Velázquez (D-N.Y.) — Opposed, according to NY1.

Ann Wagner (R-Mo.) — Sounds like a no vote.

Jackie Walorski (R-Ind.) — Cannot support the president "based on the current situation."

Randy WeberRandall (Randy) Keith WeberHouse rebuffs GOP lawmaker's effort to remove references to Democrats in Capitol Hillicon Valley: Judge's ruling creates fresh hurdle for TikTok | House passes bills to secure energy sector against cyberattacks | Biden campaign urges Facebook to remove Trump posts spreading 'falsehoods' House passes bills to secure energy sector against cyberattacks MORE (R-Texas) — Sounds like a no vote.

Daniel Webster (R-Fla.) — Will vote no, according to the Tampa Bay Times.

Lynn Westmoreland (R-Ga.) — Tweeted that he is a no.

Joe WilsonAddison (Joe) Graves WilsonDemocrats raise alarm about new US human rights priorities Democrat Teresa Leger Fernandez defeats Valerie Plame in New Mexico primary Trump campaign launches new fundraising program with House Republicans MORE (R-S.C.) — Tells The Hill he will oppose authorization. "The case was not made," he said.

Ed WhitfieldWayne (Ed) Edward WhitfieldBottom Line Why Republicans took aim at an ethics watchdog What Azerbaijan wants from Israel? MORE (R-Ky.) — “I will not support President Obama’s request to authorize missile strikes in Syria," he said in statement.

Roger WilliamsJohn (Roger) Roger WilliamsWarren, Porter to headline progressive fundraiser supporting seven swing state candidates The Hill's 12:30 Report - Presented by Facebook - Yoho apologizes for accosting AOC Ocasio-Cortez accosted by GOP lawmaker over remarks: 'That kind of confrontation hasn't ever happened to me' MORE (R-Texas) — Leaning no.

Rob WittmanRobert (Rob) Joseph WittmanTrade groups make lobbying push to be included in small business loan program Overnight Defense: 32 dead in ISIS-claimed attack in Kabul | Trump says Taliban could 'possibly' overrun Afghan government when US leaves | House poised for Iran war powers vote next week Republicans eye top spot on Natural Resources panel MORE (R-Va.) — "Has grave concerns," according to The Free Lance-Star.

Frank WolfFrank Rudolph WolfBottom line Africa's gathering storm DOJ opinion will help protect kids from dangers of online gambling MORE (R-Va.) — Leaning no. In a letter to the president, Wolf states he has deep reservations about military intervention.

Rep. John Yarmuth (D-Ky.) — Said on MSNBC, “The military strike, I can’t support.”

Kevin YoderKevin Wayne YoderBottom line Amanda Adkins wins GOP primary to challenge Rep. Sharice Davids Sharice Davids to vote for Trump impeachment articles: 'The facts are uncontested' MORE (R-Kan.) — Said on Facebook an attack is "not warranted at this time."

Ted YohoTheodore (Ted) Scott YohoKat Cammack wins Florida GOP primary in bid for Ted Yoho's seat The Hill's Convention Report: Democrats gear up for Day Two of convention Eyes turn to Ocasio-Cortez as she seeks to boost Biden MORE (R-Fla.) — Said on Twitter he planned to vote no and remains unconvinced.

Bill Young (R-Fla.) — Influential appropriator is a no.

Don YoungDonald (Don) Edwin YoungDemocrats, GOP fighting over largest House battlefield in a decade Coordinated federal leadership is needed for recovery of US travel and tourism Alaska may select our next president MORE (R-Alaska) — Opposed.


UNDECIDED/NOT CLEAR

Senate (54) (29 Democrats, 23 Republicans, 2 Independents)

Tammy BaldwinTammy Suzanne Baldwin Senate Democrats call for ramped up Capitol coronavirus testing Baldwin calls for Senate hearing on CDC response to meatpacking plant coronavirus outbreak Democrats demand answers from Labor Department on CDC recommendations for meatpacking plant MORE (D-Wis.) 

Max BaucusMax Sieben BaucusBottom line Bottom line The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Facebook - George Floyd's death sparks protests, National Guard activation MORE (D-Mont.) — Told The Hill, "I can't decide until I get my question answered." 

Mark BegichMark Peter BegichAlaska group backing independent candidate appears linked to Democrats Sullivan wins Alaska Senate GOP primary Alaska political mess has legislators divided over meeting place MORE (D-Alaska) — Begich is vulnerable in 2014. Says evidence of chemical weapons must be solid, response must be narrowly tailored and of short duration.

Michael BennetMichael Farrand BennetDemocrats sense momentum for expanding child tax credit OVERNIGHT ENERGY: House Democrats tee up vote on climate-focused energy bill next week | EPA reappoints controversial leader to air quality advisory committee | Coronavirus creates delay in Pentagon research for alternative to 'forever chemicals' Senate Democrats demand White House fire controversial head of public lands agency MORE (D-Colo.) 

Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.) 

Roy BluntRoy Dean BluntLow-flying helicopters to measure radiation levels in DC before inauguration Bottom Line GOP vows quick confirmation of Trump's Supreme Court pick amid coronavirus turmoil MORE (R-Mo.) — "I have not made my mind up yet."

Sherrod BrownSherrod Campbell BrownInternal Democratic poll: Desiree Tims gains on Mike Turner in Ohio House race Senate Democrats call for ramped up Capitol coronavirus testing Dems to focus on issues, not character, at Barrett hearings MORE (D-Ohio) 

Maria CantwellMaria Elaine CantwellDemocrats seem unlikely to move against Feinstein Hillicon Valley: Senate panel votes to subpoena Big Tech executives | Amazon says over 19,000 workers tested positive for COVID-19 | Democrats demand DHS release report warning of election interference Senate panel votes to subpoena Big Tech executives MORE (D-Wash.)

Jeffrey Chiesa (R-N.J.)

Dan CoatsDaniel (Dan) Ray CoatsAvoiding the 1876 scenario in November Democrat asks intelligence director if Trump's personal debt is security problem FBI chief says Russia is trying to interfere in election to undermine Biden MORE (R-Ind.)

Tom CoburnThomas (Tom) Allen CoburnDemocrats step up hardball tactics in Supreme Court fight COVID response shows a way forward on private gun sale checks Inspector general independence must be a bipartisan priority in 2020 MORE (R-Okla.)

Thad CochranWilliam (Thad) Thad CochranEspy wins Mississippi Senate Democratic primary Bottom Line Mike Espy announces Mississippi Senate bid MORE (R-Miss.)

Susan CollinsSusan Margaret CollinsSenate to vote Monday to confirm Amy Coney Barrett to Supreme Court Cunningham, Tillis locked in tight race in North Carolina: poll 51 percent want Barrett seated on Supreme Court: poll MORE (R-Maine) — "Firmly undecided." 

John CornynJohn Cornyn'Seinfeld' cast members reuniting for Texas Democratic Party fundraiser Senate GOP eyes Oct. 26 for confirming Barrett to Supreme Court GOP noncommittal about vote on potential Trump-Pelosi coronavirus deal MORE (R-Texas) — The No. 2-ranking Senate Republican has called on Obama to address the nation on Syria.

Joe DonnellyJoseph (Joe) Simon DonnellyBiden and Schumer face battles with left if Democrats win big Harris walks fine line on Barrett as election nears The Hill's Morning Report - Sponsored by JobsOhio - Showdown: Trump-Biden debate likely to be nasty MORE (D-Ind.)

Mike EnziMichael (Mike) Bradley EnziBottom line Chamber of Commerce endorses McSally for reelection Cynthia Lummis wins GOP Senate primary in Wyoming MORE (R-Wyo.) — Primary challenger Liz Cheney opposes action.

Deb FischerDebra (Deb) Strobel FischerGOP senators pan debate: 'S---show,' 'awful,' 'embarrassment' Hillicon Valley: Election officials prepare for new Russian interference battle | 'Markeyverse' of online fans helps take down a Kennedy | GOP senators unveil bill to update tech liability protections Google, Apple, eBay to meet virtually with lawmakers for tech group's annual fly-in MORE (R-Neb.) 

Kirsten GillibrandKirsten GillibrandInternal Democratic poll: Desiree Tims gains on Mike Turner in Ohio House race Hillicon Valley: Facebook, Twitter's handling of New York Post article raises election night concerns | FCC to move forward with considering order targeting tech's liability shield | YouTube expands polices to tackle QAnon Democrats question Amazon over reported interference of workers' rights to organize MORE (D-N.Y.) 

Chuck GrassleyCharles (Chuck) Ernest GrassleyGOP noncommittal about vote on potential Trump-Pelosi coronavirus deal Republicans: Supreme Court won't toss ObamaCare Barrett sidesteps Democratic questions amid high-stakes grilling MORE (R-Iowa) — Said his constituents have expressed opposition.

Tom HarkinThomas (Tom) Richard HarkinThe Memo: Trump attacks on Harris risk backfiring Ernst challenges Greenfield to six debates in Iowa Senate race Biden unveils disability rights plan: 'Your voices must be heard' MORE (D-Iowa) — Has called evidence "circumstantial."

Orrin HatchOrrin Grant HatchMellman: What happened after Ginsburg? Bottom line Bottom line MORE (R-Utah)

Martin HeinrichMartin Trevor HeinrichSenate Democrats demand White House fire controversial head of public lands agency Senate Democrats seek removal of controversial public lands head after nomination withdrawal Five takeaways from final Senate Intel Russia report MORE (D-N.M.)

Dean HellerDean Arthur HellerOn The Trail: Democrats plan to hammer Trump on Social Security, Medicare Lobbying World Democrats spend big to put Senate in play MORE (R-Nev.)

Mazie HironoMazie Keiko HironoDurbin signals he isn't interested in chairing Judiciary Committee Democrats seem unlikely to move against Feinstein Senate Democrats call for ramped up Capitol coronavirus testing MORE (D-Hawaii) 

Mike JohannsMichael (Mike) Owen JohannsMeet the Democratic sleeper candidate gunning for Senate in Nebraska Farmers, tax incentives can ease the pain of a smaller farm bill Lobbying World MORE (R-Neb.) — Spokesman tells The Hill he is still reviewing Senate resolution.

Tim JohnsonTimothy (Tim) Peter JohnsonCornell to launch new bipartisan publication led by former Rep. Steve Israel Trump faces tough path to Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac overhaul Several hurt when truck runs into minimum wage protesters in Michigan MORE (D-S.D.)

Angus KingAngus KingCoordinated federal leadership is needed for recovery of US travel and tourism Federal commission issues recommendations for securing critical tech against Chinese threats Push to expand Supreme Court faces Democratic buzzsaw MORE (I-Maine)

Amy KlobucharAmy KlobucharDurbin signals he isn't interested in chairing Judiciary Committee Democrats seem unlikely to move against Feinstein Senate Democrats call for ramped up Capitol coronavirus testing MORE (D-Minn.) 

Mary LandrieuMary Loretta LandrieuBottom line A decade of making a difference: Senate Caucus on Foster Youth Congress needs to work to combat the poverty, abuse and neglect issues that children face MORE (D-La.) — GOP target in 2014.

Patrick LeahyPatrick Joseph LeahySchumer says he had 'serious talk' with Feinstein, declines to comment on Judiciary role Durbin signals he isn't interested in chairing Judiciary Committee Democrats seem unlikely to move against Feinstein MORE (D-Vt.) — Judiciary Committee chairman voted against the war in Iraq. Opposed broad resolution submitted by the administration.

Ed MarkeyEdward (Ed) John MarkeyOVERNIGHT ENERGY: Democrats push expansion of offshore wind, block offshore drilling with ocean energy bill | Poll: Two-thirds of voters support Biden climate plan | Biden plan lags Green New Deal in fighting emissions from homes Biden plan lags Green New Deal in fighting emissions from homes Senate Republicans offer constitutional amendment to block Supreme Court packing MORE (D-Mass.) — Voted present on resolution in committee.

Claire McCaskillClaire Conner McCaskillBiden and Schumer face battles with left if Democrats win big Harris walks fine line on Barrett as election nears Fox's Bongino, MSNBC's McCaskill trade blows over Trump ride: 'You epic piece of garbage' MORE (D-Mo.) 

Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellOn The Money: McConnell says he would give Trump-backed coronavirus deal a Senate vote | Pelosi, Mnuchin see progress, but no breakthrough | Trump, House lawyers return to court in fight over financial records Progress, but no breakthrough, on coronavirus relief LGBTQ voters must show up at the polls, or risk losing progress MORE (R-Ky.) — Wants more information on what needs to be done and what can be accomplished in Syria.

Jeff MerkleyJeffrey (Jeff) Alan Merkley Senate Democrats call for ramped up Capitol coronavirus testing The Hill's Morning Report - Sponsored by The Air Line Pilots Association - Trump, Biden renew push for Latino support Sunday shows - Trump team defends coronavirus response MORE (D-Ore.)

Barbara MikulskiBarbara Ann MikulskiForeign policy congressional committees need to call more women experts Lobbying World Only four Dem senators have endorsed 2020 candidates MORE (D-Md.) — Appropriations Committee chairwoman says she's still examining whether to back military action. 

Lisa MurkowskiLisa Ann MurkowskiSenate to vote Monday to confirm Amy Coney Barrett to Supreme Court Senate GOP eyes Oct. 26 for confirming Barrett to Supreme Court This week: Clock ticks on chance for coronavirus deal MORE (R-Alaska)

Patty MurrayPatricia (Patty) Lynn MurrayOvernight Health Care: Trump takes criticism of Fauci to a new level | GOP Health Committee chairman defends Fauci | Birx confronted Pence about Atlas Government watchdog to investigate allegations of Trump interference at CDC, FDA Baldwin calls for Senate hearing on CDC response to meatpacking plant coronavirus outbreak MORE (D-Wash.)

Rob PortmanRobert (Rob) Jones PortmanGOP blocks Schumer effort to adjourn Senate until after election Candymakers meet virtually with lawmakers for annual fly-in, discuss Halloween safety Democrats look past Election Day in Barrett fight  MORE (R-Ohio) 

Jack ReedJohn (Jack) Francis ReedOvernight Defense: Famed Navy SEAL calls Trump out | Yemen's Houthi rebels free two Americans | Marines fire commander after deadly training accident Trump slight against Gold Star families adds to military woes Dems to focus on issues, not character, at Barrett hearings MORE (D-R.I.)

Jay RockefellerJohn (Jay) Davison RockefellerBottom Line World Health Day: It's time to fight preventable disease Lobbying World MORE (D-W.Va.) 

Bernie SandersBernie SandersOcasio-Cortez rolls out Twitch channel to urge voting Calls grow for Democrats to ramp up spending in Texas The Hill's Morning Report - Sponsored by Goldman Sachs - Tipping point week for Trump, Biden, Congress, voters MORE (I-Vt.)

Tim ScottTimothy (Tim) Eugene ScottDemocrats unveil bill to reduce police violence against people with mental illness Liberals should embrace Trump's Supreme Court nominee Romney slams Trump for refusing to denounce QAnon on national television MORE (R-S.C.) — Scott said he was undecided as he entered a Sept. 5 briefing on Syria.

Jeff SessionsJefferson (Jeff) Beauregard SessionsHarris walks fine line on Barrett as election nears The Hill's Morning Report - Sponsored by Facebook - Trump's erratic tweets upend stimulus talks; COVID-19 spreads in White House The Memo: Team Trump looks to Pence to steady ship in VP debate MORE (R-Ala.) — Is concerned there isn't clarity about what the administration want to accomplish.

Richard Shelby (R-Ala.)

Jon TesterJonathan (Jon) TesterHouse Republicans push VA for details on recent data breach OVERNIGHT ENERGY: Judge tosses land management plans after ousting Pendley from role | Trump says he could out-raise Biden with calls to Wall Street, oil execs | Supreme Court to review Trump border wall funding, asylum policies Biden and Schumer face battles with left if Democrats win big MORE (D-Mont.)

John ThuneJohn Randolph ThuneOn The Money: McConnell says he would give Trump-backed coronavirus deal a Senate vote | Pelosi, Mnuchin see progress, but no breakthrough | Trump, House lawyers return to court in fight over financial records Progress, but no breakthrough, on coronavirus relief McConnell says he would give Trump-backed coronavirus deal a vote in Senate MORE (R-S.D.)

Pat Toomey (R-Pa.) — Has said he supports military action.

Mark UdallMark Emery UdallThe 10 Senate seats most likely to flip Democratic presidential race comes into sharp focus Democrats will win back the Senate majority in 2020, all thanks to President Trump MORE (D-Colo.)

Mark WarnerMark Robert WarnerTrump slight against Gold Star families adds to military woes Hillicon Valley: Twitter tightens rules before election | Intelligence chief briefed lawmakers on foreign influence threats | Democrats launch inquiry into Pentagon's moves on a national 5G network Senate Democrat raises concerns around Universal Health Services breach MORE (D-Va.) 

Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) — Has declined to say how she would vote.

Sheldon WhitehouseSheldon WhitehouseDurbin signals he isn't interested in chairing Judiciary Committee Democrats seem unlikely to move against Feinstein Supreme Court battle turns into 2020 proxy war MORE (D-R.I.)

Roger WickerRoger Frederick WickerSenate Republicans offer constitutional amendment to block Supreme Court packing Government efforts to 'fix' social media bias overlooks the destruction of our discourse The Section 230 fight Congress should be having MORE (R-Miss.) — "I'm skeptical but undecided."

Ron WydenRonald (Ron) Lee Wyden Senate Democrats call for ramped up Capitol coronavirus testing House Democrats slam FCC chairman over 'blatant attempt to help' Trump FCC to move forward with considering executive order targeting tech's liability shield MORE (D-Ore.) — Says intelligence clear Assad used chemical weapons but unsure about military action. 


UNDECIDED/NOT CLEAR

House (92) (71 Democrats, 21 Republicans)

Robert Andrews (D-N.J.)

Ron BarberRonald (Ron) Sylvester BarberKavanaugh nomination a make or break moment to repeal Citizens United Latina Leaders to Watch 2018 Principles and actions mean more than Jeff Flake’s words MORE (D-Ariz.)

John BarrowJohn Jenkins BarrowRepublican wins Georgia secretary of state runoff to replace Kemp The most important runoff election is one you probably never heard of Our democracy can’t afford to cut legal aid services from the budget MORE (D-Ga.)

Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-Texas) — Has not come to an option on the issue.

Tim BishopTimothy (Tim) Howard BishopDem candidate 'struck by the parallels' between Trump's rise and Hitler's Dems separated by 29 votes in NY House primary Flint residents hire first K Street firm MORE (D-N.Y.)

Suzanne BonamiciSuzanne Marie BonamiciOVERNIGHT ENERGY:  House passes sweeping clean energy bill | Pebble Mine CEO resigns over secretly recorded comments about government officials  | Corporations roll out climate goals amid growing pressure to deliver Pelosi, Blumenaur condemn 'egregious abuses of power' by Trump against Oregon protestors Federal agents deployed to Portland did not have training in riot control: NYT MORE (D-Ore.)

Bruce BraleyBruce Lowell BraleyThe Memo: Trump attacks on Harris risk backfiring 2020 caucuses pose biggest challenge yet for Iowa's top pollster OPINION | Tax reform, not Trump-McConnell feuds, will make 2018 a win for GOP MORE (D-Iowa) — Told ABC5 News: "I'm waiting for the president to make the case on the possible use of force and the aftermath."

Jim BridenstineJames (Jim) Frederick BridenstineFor sale: The Moon Mark Kelly's views on Space Force, NASA's Artemis return to the moon are problematic NASA's Bridenstine: We really are going to the lunar south pole MORE (R-Okla.) — Iraq and Afghanistan veteran said questions remain about strategic objectives and U.S. security.

Mo BrooksMorris (Mo) Jackson BrooksHillicon Valley: House votes to condemn QAnon | Americans worried about foreign election interference | DHS confirms request to tap protester phones House approves measure condemning QAnon, but 17 Republicans vote against it Overnight Defense: Trump hosts Israel, UAE, Bahrain for historic signing l Air Force reveals it secretly built and flew new fighter jet l Coronavirus creates delay in Pentagon research for alternative to 'forever chemicals' MORE (R-Ala.)

Cheri BustosCheryl (Cheri) Lea BustosCalls grow for Democrats to ramp up spending in Texas House Democrats target Hispanic voters in battlegrounds with new barrage of ads Republican fears grow over rising Democratic tide MORE (D-Ill.) — In statement, says many questions remain before action can be determined.

Ken Calvert (R-Calif.)

Lois Capps (D-Calif.)

Matt Cartwright (D-Pa.) — Says he will not make final decision until final classified briefing on Monday. 

Bill Cassidy (R-La.) — Senate candidate

Steve Chabot (R-Ohio)

Judy Chu (D-Calif.) — Asking for constituent input.

David Cicilline (D-R.I.) — Said on MSNBC he is "skeptical."

James Clyburn (D-S.C.) — No.3-ranking House Democrat: "Issues of war and peace require thoughtful consideration. I reserve judgment on Syria until a resolution and more details are forthcoming."

Steve Cohen (D-Tenn.) — Undecided and waiting for more information, according to his office.

Jim Cooper (D-Tenn.) — Has not made up his mind but told WKRN-TV he is "extremely leery."

Elijah Cummings (D-Md.) — In a round of cable interviews, says he's torn between president and constituents opposed to a strike. 

Steve Daines (R-Mont.) — In statement, says he won't back strike unless he's convinced national security is at risk and president's strategy will successfully secure interests. Will closely scrutinize intelligence.

Rosa DeLauro (D-Conn.)

Suzan DelBeneSuzan Kay DelBeneDemocrats sense momentum for expanding child tax credit Democrats say affordable housing would be a top priority in a Biden administration On The Money: McConnell not certain about fifth coronavirus package | States expected to roll out unemployment boost in late August | Navarro blasts 'stupid' Kodak execs MORE (D-Wash.)

Mario Diaz-Balart (R-Fla.)

William Enyart (D-Ill.)

Anna Eshoo (D-Calif.) — Close friend of Pelosi's. Deemed "dubious" by local media outlet.

Elizabeth Esty (D-Conn.)

Chaka Fattah (D-Pa.)

Lois FrankelLois Jane FrankelShakespeare Theatre Company goes virtual for 'Will on the Hill...or Won't They?' Florida Democrat introduces bill to recognize Puerto Rico statehood referendum Hillicon Valley: Democrats demand answers over Russian interference bulletin | Google Cloud wins defense contract for cancer research | Cyberattack disrupts virtual classes MORE (D-Fla.)

Marcia FudgeMarcia Louise FudgeOfficials urge social media groups to weed out election disinformation targeting minority voters Letter from Trump taking credit for aid now mandated in government food boxes: report This week: House returns for pre-election sprint MORE (D-Ohio) — Chairwoman of the Congressional Black Caucus is undecided.

Joe GarciaJose (Joe) Antonio GarciaOvernight Defense: Biden honors McCain at Phoenix memorial service | US considers sending captured ISIS fighters to Gitmo and Iraq | Senators press Trump on ending Yemen civil war Biden pays tribute to McCain at emotional memorial service Mueller indictments: Congressional candidate asked Russian operatives for info on opponent MORE (D-Fla.)

Bob GoodlatteRobert (Bob) William GoodlatteNo documents? Hoping for legalization? Be wary of Joe Biden Press: Trump's final presidential pardon: himself USCIS chief Cuccinelli blames Paul Ryan for immigration inaction MORE (R-Va.) — Judiciary panel chairman has been meeting with constituents on Syria. 

Jim Himes (D-Conn.)

Rush Holt (D-N.J.)

Sheila Jackson LeeSheila Jackson LeePocan won't seek another term as Progressive Caucus co-chair Grand jury charges no officers in Breonna Taylor death Hillicon Valley: Murky TikTok deal raises questions about China's role | Twitter investigating automated image previews over apparent algorithmic bias | House approves bill making hacking federal voting systems a crime MORE (D-Texas) — Believes that the international community must take some type of action against Syria. Her statement indicates she's more likely a yes than a no.

Hakeem Jeffries (D-N.Y.) — Said a significant number of constituents oppose a strike, but he wants to support Obama. Wants president to engage more. 

Bill Johnson (R-Ohio)

Joseph Kennedy (D-Mass.)

Dan Kildee (D-Mich.)

Ann KirkpatrickAnn KirkpatrickArizona Rep. Tom O'Halleran wins Democratic primary Arizona Rep. Ann Kirkpatrick wins Democratic primary Cook shifts 20 House districts toward Democrats MORE (D-Ariz.)

Jim Langevin (D-R.I.) — Spokesman says congressman willing to consider limited strike, but doesn't support it yet and will decide based on intelligence and constituent input.

John Larson (D-Conn.) — Close Pelosi ally is undecided.

John Lewis (D-Ga.) — His office said he is undecided.

David Loebsack (D-Iowa) — Told local outlet, "we must exercise extreme caution."

Zoe Lofgren (D-Calif.)

Nita Lowey (D-N.Y.) — Close ally of Pelosi is undecided.

Michelle Lujan Grisham (D-N.M.) 

Dan Maffei (D-N.Y.)

Sean Maloney (D-N.Y.)

Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.) — A spokesman for the House majority whip said McCarthy is weighing “the information and intelligence presented to him by the president and his national security team.”

Betty McCollum (D-Minn.)

Buck McKeon (R-Calif.) — Armed Services panel chairman is undecided.

Cathy McMorris RodgersCathy McMorris RodgersConservatives seize on New York Post story to push Section 230 reform Race heats up for top GOP post on powerful Energy and Commerce Committee Hillicon Valley: Trump backs potential Microsoft, TikTok deal, sets September deadline | House Republicans request classified TikTok briefing | Facebook labels manipulated Pelosi video MORE (R-Wash.) — The fourth-ranked GOP leader says she is skeptical.

Gregory Meeks (D-N.Y.) — Says he's still studying the issue.

George Miller (D-Calif.) — A Pelosi ally.

Gwen MooreGwen Sophia MooreLawmakers urge IRS to get stimulus payments to domestic violence survivors Texas Democrat: US natural gas vital in transition to renewables The Hill's Convention Report: Democratic National Convention kicks off virtually MORE (D-Wis.) 

Shelley Moore CapitoShelley Wellons Moore CapitoBill to expand support for community addiction treatment passes House Hillicon Valley: Senate panel votes to subpoena Big Tech executives | Amazon says over 19,000 workers tested positive for COVID-19 | Democrats demand DHS release report warning of election interference GOP senators call on Trump to oppose nationalizing 5G MORE (R-W.Va.) — Running for the Senate.

Patrick Murphy (D-Fla.)

Richard Neal (D-Mass.) — Noted in his statement that he voted against the Iraq War.

Gloria Negrete McLeod (D-Calif.)

Bill Owens (D-N.Y.) — Wants details on what the mission will be.

Frank Pallone Jr. (D-N.J.)

Donald Payne Jr. (D-N.J.)

Ed Perlmutter (D-Colo.) — Undecided, according to his communications director.

Scott Perry (R-Pa.) — Undecided but not inclined to back a resolution authorizing action.

Gary Peters (D-Mich.) — The Senate candidate said in a statement that he'll review intelligence, speak with experts and listen to his constituents over the next few days before making a decision.

Scott Peters (D-Calif.) — In statement on website, says he's undecided. 

Joe Pitts (R-Pa.)

Mike Quigley (D-Ill.)

Martha RobyMartha Dubina RobyBarry Moore wins Alabama GOP runoff to replace Martha Roby The 14 other key races to watch on Super Tuesday Collins Senate bid sets off game of musical chairs for GOP MORE (R-Ala.)

Raul Ruiz (D-Calif.)

Bobby Rush (D-Ill.) 

Paul RyanPaul Davis RyanPelosi and Trump go a full year without speaking Jordan vows to back McCarthy as leader even if House loses more GOP seats Barrett declines to say if Trump can pardon himself MORE (R-Wis.) — "The president has some work to do to recover from his grave missteps in Syria. He needs to clearly demonstrate that the use of military force would strengthen America's security."

Tim Ryan (D-Ohio)

Brad Schneider (D-Ill.) — Undecided, but says red lines "matter" and the U.S. must act "if necessary, alone, to respond appropriately." Says he will continue to review administration's strategy.

Adam SchiffAdam Bennett SchiffGreenwald slams Schiff over Biden emails on Fox Hillicon Valley: DOJ accuses Russian hackers of targeting 2018 Olympics, French elections | Federal commission issues recommendations for securing critical tech against Chinese threats | House Democrats slam FCC over 'blatant attempt to help' Trump Federal commission issues recommendations for securing critical tech against Chinese threats MORE (D-Calif.)

Bobby ScottRobert (Bobby) Cortez ScottDemocrats demand answers from Labor Department on CDC recommendations for meatpacking plant Pelosi urges early voting to counter GOP's high court gambit: 'There has to be a price to pay' Congress must finish work on popular conservation bill before time runs out MORE (D-Va.) — Expressed concern about precedent the U.S. would be setting by approving an attack.

Terri SewellTerrycina (Terri) Andrea SewellCentury of the Woman: The State of Women and Voting Rights Female lawmakers, officials call for more women at all levels of government to improve equity The Hill's 12:30 Report - Sponsored by The Air Line Pilots Association - Country reacts to debate night of mudslinging MORE (D-Ala.)

Kyrsten Sinema (D-Ariz.) — " I haven't gotten all the information I feel I need to make an informed decision."

Louise Slaughter (D-N.Y.) — Has many questions for the administration.

Jackie Speier (D-Calif.)

Steve Stivers (R-Ohio) — The Iraq war vet is undecided.

Chris StewartChristopher (Chris) Douglas StewartAtlanta Wendy's 911 call the night of Rayshard Brooks's death released Tyler Perry offers to pay for funeral of Rayshard Brooks Current, former NHL players form diversity coalition to fight intolerance in hockey MORE (R-Utah)

Mark Takano (D-Calif.)

Bennie Thompson (D-Miss.)

Mike Thompson (D-Calif.)

John Tierney (D-Mass.) — In statement, says he will consider potential costs, duration and ramifications before making decision.

David Valadao (R-Calif.)

Tim Walz (D-Minn.) — His constituents are strongly opposed. 

Peter WelchPeter Francis WelchShakespeare Theatre Company goes virtual for 'Will on the Hill...or Won't They?' Vermont Rep. Peter Welch easily wins primary Vermont has a chance to show how bipartisanship can tackle systemic racism MORE (D-Vt.) 

Brad Wenstrup (R-Ohio) — Said "In the coming days I will be listening to my constituents' concerns."

Please send any updates to Bob Cusack at bcusack@thehill.com.

Russell Berman, Haley Bissegger, Kevin Bogardus, Alexander Bolton, Bob Cusack, Jonathan Easley, Ben Geman, Jeremy Herb, Molly K. Hooper, Alexandra Jaffe, Pete Kasperowicz, Keith Laing, Mike Lillis, Patrick Mortiere, Carlo Munoz, Vicki Needham, Blake Neff, Julian Notaro, Julian Pecquet, Rebecca Shabad, Ian Swanson, Mario Trujillo and Erik Wasson contributed.