Trump’s endorsements cement power but come with risks

Trump’s endorsements cement power but come with risks
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For weeks, Republican strategists sent polling data to the White House that showed Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach (R) would struggle to beat a Democrat in November. The same polls showed Gov. Jeff Colyer (R) easily winning a full term. 

The goal, according to two Republicans with knowledge of the behind-the-scenes maneuvering, was to keep President TrumpDonald John TrumpBill Kristol resurfaces video of Pence calling Obama executive action on immigration a 'profound mistake' ACLU says planned national emergency declaration is 'clear abuse of presidential power' O'Rourke says he'd 'absolutely' take down border wall near El Paso if he could MORE from endorsing Kobach, a firebrand conservative best known for his hard lines on voting rights and illegal immigration.

On Monday, Trump endorsed Kobach anyway, by presidential tweet.

A day later, Kansas voters cast what amounts to a split decision: Kobach leads Colyer by just 191 votes, out of more than 250,000 cast. Thousands of provisional and mail-in ballots remain to be cast.

The close results underscore the political risks Trump has embraced in anointing favored candidates, even those who are not seen as the favorites in their own states. Previous administrations have sought to avoid being seen as meddling in primaries, a caution this president does not heed.

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Instead, Trump’s nods in the primary season have largely followed two common threads: He either rewards loyalty, as with Kobach, who led Trump’s so-called voter integrity panel until it was disbanded, or punishes those who have not demonstrated fealty, like Rep. Mark SanfordMarshall (Mark) Clement SanfordEndorsing Trump isn’t the easiest decision for some Republicans Mark Sanford warns US could see ‘Hitler-like character’ in the future House passes year-end tax package MORE (R-S.C.), who lost his primary in June. 

Trump has also offered endorsements in states that will be important to his own reelection bid in 2020, such as Georgia, Michigan and Ohio.

Taken together, the endorsements have cemented Trump’s power and influence over a Republican Party that he acquired by hostile takeover in the 2016 presidential election. 

“He’s been very supportive and loyal to those members of Congress who are supporting his agenda to get the economy back on track,” said House Majority Whip Steve ScaliseStephen (Steve) Joseph ScaliseTexas man with politician hit list, illegally 3D printed rifle sentenced to eight years The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by the American Academy of HIV Medicine - Will there be any last-minute shutdown drama? Dems escalate gun fight a year after Parkland MORE (R-La.), who speaks often with Trump about the political landscape. “President Trump’s support amongst Republican voters has never been stronger.”

Trump’s public involvement is a departure from his predecessors George W. Bush and Barack ObamaBarack Hussein ObamaIntelligence for the days after President Trump leaves office Barack Obama sends Valentine's message to Michelle: 'She does get down to Motown' For 2020, Democrats are lookin’ for somebody to love MORE. In those administrations, the White House usually worked behind the scenes — and always in coordination with party officials in Washington and around the country — to avoid publicity during contentious primary battles. 

The White House’s political affairs team, led by White House political director Bill Stepien and deputy director Brian Jack, routinely liaise with party leaders at the Republican National Committee and committees that oversee House, Senate and gubernatorial races. 

But those committees do not always get a heads up before Trump makes an endorsement — the Republican Governors Association was surprised by Trump’s decision to back Brian Kemp in Georgia, and again by the Kobach endorsement.

“The process is systematic. It is methodical. The president seeks to find those candidates who are the most consistent supporters of his agenda, those that can best carry his message, the party’s message, and those that can win in November and those that will be the best partners once in office,” said a senior party official familiar with Trump's thinking.

White House officials said Trump is looking for candidates who will side with him on contentious agenda items, hoping to avoid scenarios like the effort to repeal the Affordable Care Act in 2017, doomed to failure by Sen. John McCainJohn Sidney McCainMark Kelly's campaign raises over M in days after launching Senate bid The Hill's 12:30 Report — Presented by Kidney Care Partners — Lawmakers wait for Trump's next move on border deal Mark Kelly launches Senate bid in Arizona MORE’s (R-Ariz.) thumbs down.

“The ultimate goal for the president, after attempting for 18 months to work across party lines, is to find some like minded members of Congress to work with him,” the party official said. “The ultimate goal for the president is to elect more Republicans to pass the agenda that the American people supported in 2016.” 

Republicans running for office in crowded primaries this year have plotted strategies for winning — or blocking others from receiving — Trump’s endorsement. 

Some have offered fiery support for Trump’s policies. Kemp was a regular on Fox News, taking a hard line on immigration that earned Trump’s notice. Colyer wrote an opinion piece backing Trump’s Supreme Court nominee, Brett Kavanaugh. 

Others — like Kobach — have traveled or sent emissaries to Mar-a-Lago or Bedminster, Trump’s private clubs, to bend his ear or put in a kind word.

Rep. Dan Donovan (R-N.Y.) asked Trump for his endorsement aboard Air Force One, before he won a contentious primary on Staten Island. Rep. Clay HigginsGlen (Clay) Clay HigginsGOP lawmaker wants to drug test Congress Trump officials attended conference where speaker said carbon dioxide makes planet 'greener' Trump’s endorsements cement power but come with risks MORE (R-La.) asked Scalise to buttonhole Trump after Trump’s lawyer, Rudy Giuliani, endorsed one of his opponents; Trump publicly backed Higgins.

“Clay’s been incredibly supportive of the president’s agenda to get the economy back on track,” Scalise said. Trump’s endorsement “sent an important message.”

Still others rely on their relationship with Vice President Pence, a strategy that has proven less effective. 

Florida Agriculture Commissioner Adam Putnam, running for governor against Trump favorite Rep. Ron DeSantisRonald Dion DeSantisFlorida secretary of state who resigned apologizes for blackface photos The Hill's Morning Report — Trump complicates border wall negotiations Parkland parents ask Pulitzer panel to honor local paper for school shooting coverage MORE (R), appealed to Pence to hold off any endorsement. Rep. Diane BlackDiane Lynn BlackLamar Alexander's exit marks end of an era in evolving Tennessee Juan Williams: The GOP's worsening problem with women How to reform the federal electric vehicle tax credit MORE (R), running for governor in Tennessee, personally asked both Trump and Pence for their support, citing her work shepherding the Republican tax cut passed late last year.

Trump delayed formally endorsing DeSantis, but he eventually backed the third-term congressman and held a rally for him in Tampa last week. Pence endorsed Black, but Trump did not; she finished third in her primary.

The president’s penchant for a last-minute endorsements reflects a White House prone to making last-minute decisions. 

In South Carolina, Trump tweeted his support for Sanford’s opponent, state Rep. Katie Arrington (R), just hours before the polls closed. He endorsed Kobach only a day before the Kansas primary.

In Georgia and Michigan, his endorsement helped solidify front-runners. In Nevada and Ohio, he helped clear crowded primary fields.

Officials with past administrations hardly recognize what they are seeing. 

“Our endorsements were aligned with what the party apparatus wanted to happen,” said Scott Jennings, a Republican who worked in Bush’s political shop. 

The Bush White House avoided a potentially costly primary fight in Minnesota in 2002, when former Vice President Dick Cheney told then-state Rep. Tim Pawlenty (R) to run for governor instead of the U.S. Senate. 

“Bush was the head of the Republican Party and believed deeply in the strength and the structure of the Republican Party. So we never went rogue,” Jennings said. 

Trump “may go off the reservation and endorse people who go against the wishes of his operatives,” Jennings added. “He doesn’t feel bound necessarily by what the party structure wants.”

The Obama White House worked for months to convince Pennsylvania Sen. Arlen Specter to switch parties, though they could not avoid a primary that Specter eventually lost to Rep. Joe Sestak (D).

Trump’s team has similarly worked behind the scenes in states like Nevada, where Republicans convinced Danny Tarkanian to drop a primary challenge against Sen. Dean HellerDean Arthur HellerTrump suggests Heller lost reelection bid because he was 'hostile' during 2016 presidential campaign Trump picks ex-oil lobbyist David Bernhardt for Interior secretary Oregon Dem top recipient of 2018 marijuana industry money, study finds MORE (R) and run for an open House seat instead.

“Everything that happens here happens by his will. He was finding the best fit for all of us to win,” said Michael McDonald, chairman of the Nevada Republican Party.

Trump’s ability to reshape the Republican Party’s roster of elected officials by tweet remains unknown, subject in part to thousands of unopened absentee ballots in Kansas that will determine the fates of Kobach and Colyer. But he has candidates once again seeking a presidential endorsement, a power his predecessors did not always command.

“Prior to the Trump era, endorsements were largely seen as symbolic and not that meaningful,” said Colin Reed, a Republican strategist. “And now, with his Twitter handle, Trump has sort of breathed new life into the power of endorsements, at least in the primaries.”