Trump immigration crackdown won't include family separations, he says

President TrumpDonald John TrumpImpeachment? Not so fast without missing element of criminal intent Feds say marijuana ties could prevent immigrants from getting US citizenship Trump approval drops to 2019 low after Mueller report's release: poll MORE said Tuesday he is not looking to resume the controversial practice of separating migrant children from their families at the southern border, amid bipartisan pushback against his plans to impose even stricter immigration policies.

But Trump also defended his "zero tolerance" policy as an effective deterrent, and his administration teased a raft of new, hard-line proposals intended to stem the flow of Central American migrants crossing into the U.S.

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"We're not looking to do that. No," Trump said when asked about restarting family separations during an Oval Office meeting with the Egyptian president.

The president also argued that "once you don’t have it, that’s why you see many more people coming," adding that "they're coming like it's a picnic because 'let's go to Disneyland.'"

The possibility of restoring one of Trump’s most criticized immigration policies reportedly helped trigger the exit of Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen NielsenKirstjen Michele NielsenOvernight Energy: Mueller report reveals Russian efforts to sow division over coal jobs | NYC passes sweeping climate bill likened to 'Green New Deal' | EPA official says agency may ban asbestos | Energy Dept. denies Perry planning exit The Hill's 12:30 Report: Inside the Mueller report Energy Dept denies report that Rick Perry is planning to leave Trump admin MORE, who once vocally supported the plan but objected to its return.

Other officials at the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) are seen as at risk of losing their jobs in a major staff shake-up engineered by White House adviser Stephen Miller and others to ease Trump’s frustration with the spike in migrant families and unaccompanied minors crossing the border.

Trump disputed the notion he is "cleaning house" at DHS, a sprawling agency tasked with overseeing immigration enforcement, cybersecurity, emergency management and more. Instead, he blamed congressional Democrats and court rulings for impeding his immigration agenda.

"We have a lot of great people over there," Trump told reporters. "We have bad laws. We have a judge that just ruled, incredibly, that he doesn’t want people staying in Mexico. Figure that one out."

Trump also blamed former President Obama for child separations, even though they were the result of the zero tolerance policy Trump enacted in April 2018 and ended last summer amid an outcry.

Multiple media outlets reported Trump had privately urged Nielsen and other officials for months to resume family separations, which sparked alarm on Capitol Hill.

"I would be completely opposed to that," Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee Chairman Ron JohnsonRonald (Ron) Harold JohnsonGOP senator: 'No problem' with Mueller testifying The Hill's Morning Report — Category 5 Mueller storm to hit today GOP senators double down on demand for Clinton email probe documents MORE (R-Wis.) said during an immigration hearing, citing humanitarian concerns raised by a top Department of Health and Human Services official.

"I’m hoping members of the administration if they’re actually considering this are listening to that testimony," Johnson said.

Absent the policy’s return, the administration is weighing new rules and regulations designed to discourage migrant families from coming to the U.S.

A senior administration official who spoke to reporters on condition of anonymity said there are plans to draft a new regulation designed to challenge a settlement agreement stating that children cannot be held in immigration custody for longer than 20 days.

The official predicted the measure would be struck down by a federal judge but said it would be intended to spark a legal fight that reaches the Supreme Court.

Also under consideration is a "binary choice" policy that would allow migrant families to waive their rights under the agreement and remain together in detention while their cases are processed or have the adults remain in custody while their children are released after the 20-day limit.

The administration is also considering making it tougher for migrants to seek asylum, imposing stricter standards for certain immigrants to receive welfare benefits and curbing remittance payments that migrants send back to their home countries, the official said.

The potential policy shift comes as Trump and his allies have approached the situation at the southern border with a heightened sense of urgency.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) announced Tuesday that agents apprehended more than 92,000 individuals in March trying to cross the southern border, the highest monthly tally this year and more than double the number of apprehensions reported in March 2018.

Several administration policies intended to address the situation have been blocked by federal courts, most recently its effort to keep asylum-seekers in Mexico while their cases are considered.

Vice President Pence will travel to Arizona on Thursday to meet with CBP officials and tour parts of a wall near the city of Nogales, less than a week after Trump visited a renovated section of border fencing in Calexico, Calif.

The senior administration official argued the root of the problem was a large, entrenched bureaucracy at DHS that Trump’s political appointees failed to manage. Of particular concern are career employees whom the official accused of resisting Trump’s immigration agenda.

Changing the culture, the official said, "can best be dealt with through management issues."

Trump last Friday rescinded the nomination of Ronald Vitiello to lead Immigration and Customs Enforcement. He has yet to put forward a new nominee but said he wants to go in a "tougher direction." U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Director Lee Francis Cissna and the department’s legal counsel are also said to be in the White House’s crosshairs.

The president said on Tuesday that his choice to lead DHS on an acting basis, CBP Commissioner Kevin McAleenan, "is going to do a fantastic job."

"We want homeland security, and that’s what we're going to get," Trump said.

McAleenan has the "full, complete and total support" of the White House "to build a team and have a fresh start to get this done," according to the official, who added that may or may not include further staff changes.

Groups advocating lower levels of immigration urged Trump to nominate former Kansas Secretary of State Kris Kobach to permanently fill the position, even though Kobach would face a difficult confirmation battle in the Senate.

"Kris Kobach is, without question, the best choice to lead DHS, and we hope he will be President Trump’s nominee," the group NumbersUSA said in a statement.

But several lawmakers, including a number of Republican senators, have taken issue with the rapid turnover atop DHS.

Sen. Mitt RomneyWillard (Mitt) Mitt RomneyHuckabee blasts Romney: 'Makes me sick' that you could have been president Collins: Mueller report includes 'an unflattering portrayal' of Trump Romney 'sickened' by Trump's behavior in Mueller report MORE (R-Utah) said Tuesday he was "deeply troubled" by the mounting vacancies, calling it "dangerous" given the influx of migrants at the southern border and the agency’s broad scope.

Sen. Chuck GrassleyCharles (Chuck) Ernest GrassleyOn The Money: Inside the Mueller report | Cain undeterred in push for Fed seat | Analysis finds modest boost to economy from new NAFTA | White House says deal will give auto sector B boost The 7 most interesting nuggets from the Mueller report Government report says new NAFTA would have minimal impact on economy MORE (R-Iowa) urged the president to abstain from making further changes at the agency. He specifically cautioned Trump against getting rid of Cissna, who previously worked for the Iowa Republican on the Senate Judiciary Committee, even making his case by phone to acting White House chief of staff Mick MulvaneyJohn (Mick) Michael MulvaneyTrump frustrated with aides who talked to Mueller The Hill's Morning Report — Mueller aftermath: What will House Dems do now? The Hill's Morning Report - Waiting on Mueller: Answers come on Thursday MORE.

"I know Cissna well," Grassley said, calling his former aide "good for the president."

"I heard that they were going to be dismissed, and that irritates me," he added.

Jordain Carney contributed.